Travel Restrictions During COVID-19: 50-State Resources
To stem the spread of the coronavirus, certain states have enacted restrictions on interstate and sometimes international travel. These often take the form of a quarantine that lasts for 10 or 14 days, which may be either mandatory or advised. A traveler often can avoid or lessen a quarantine requirement by getting tested for COVID-19 shortly before their trip or after their arrival. As vaccinations have progressed, exemptions apply in some states to people who have been fully vaccinated. (This usually means that they have received a one-dose vaccine or completed a two-dose vaccination series at least 14 days before.) Starting in January 2021, moreover, the federal government (through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) began to require incoming international air travelers to present a negative COVID-19 test taken within three days of their international departure. Alternatively, they can present proof of recovery from the coronavirus within the last 90 days. Moreover, an executive order requires travelers to wear masks in airports and while using most modes of public or commercial transportation, including airplanes, trains, buses, and ferries.
The list below focuses on restrictions at the state level. Many county and city governments have adopted their own restrictions, which are generally not covered here. You may want to check the website of your local governing authority to find out about the most recent travel rules that may affect you.
Non-vaccinated travelers are advised to get tested for COVID-19 within 72 hours before travel or get a free COVID-19 test at an Alaska port of entry, but testing is optional. A second test 5 to 14 days after travel is recommended but optional. No testing rules apply to fully vaccinated travelers (more than two weeks after final vaccine dose). People who are currently positive for COVID-19 cannot enter Alaska until they are released from isolation by a health care provider or public health agency. People who have tested positive for COVID-19 within the last 90 days are not advised to get tested again.
People who have not been fully vaccinated should avoid non-essential travel, and non-essential travelers from other states or countries are strongly discouraged from entering California. If an unvaccinated person needs to travel, they should get tested 1-3 days before their trip and 3-5 days after their trip. After travel, they should self-quarantine for 7 days if they get tested, even if they test negative. They should self-quarantine for 10 days if they do not get tested. If a traveler tests positive or develops symptoms of COVID-19, they should isolate and follow public health recommendations.
Non-essential travel is not recommended for people who have not been fully vaccinated. People who have been fully vaccinated do not need to get tested before or after domestic travel and do not need to self-quarantine. International travelers should get tested 3-5 days after their trip. People who are at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19, or traveling with higher-risk people, should consider limiting their travel.
Fully vaccinated domestic travelers or domestic travelers who tested positive for COVID-19 in the last 90 days can avoid quarantine and testing requirements unless they have symptoms of COVID-19. Fully vaccinated international travelers must provide proof of a negative test before boarding their flight and get tested 3-5 days after their trip. Unvaccinated travelers must get a COVID-19 test 1-3 days before coming to the District of Columbia, unless they are coming from Maryland or Virginia or staying in the District of Columbia for less than 24 hours. If they test positive, they must complete their isolation before returning home, and susceptible close contacts must complete a 10-day quarantine. Essential travelers who are unvaccinated must get a COVID-19 test if they have more than one week of notice, and they must limit their activities in the District of Columbia until they receive the result.
No statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 6, 2021, although there is a general recommendation not to travel if you are sick or with someone who is sick, or if you have been around someone with COVID-19 in the last 14 days.
No statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 6, 2021, other than a general warning not to travel if you are sick and a recommendation to practice precautions during travel. The Georgia Department of Public Health provides a set of issues to consider and precautions to take when traveling during the pandemic. People should reconsider international travel, following a US State Department recommendation.
Travelers arriving in Hawaii must go through a 10-day quarantine upon their arrival or provide a negative result from an NAAT COVID-19 test administered by a trusted testing partner within 72 hours before the final leg of their departure. The negative test result must be submitted prior to departure for Hawaii. Travelers also must complete the Safe Travels Hawaii online form before their arrival. Children under five are exempt from these requirements. Fully vaccinated travelers are not currently exempt, but the most recent executive proclamation suggests that they may become exempt upon future approval by the director of the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency. Separate sets of rules apply to inter-county travel, but these rules will be dropped on June 15, 2021.
A home quarantine is mandated for anyone who has attended an out-of-state mass gathering involving 500 or more people where they did not socially distance and wear a mask. A quarantine mandate also applies to people who have traveled to certain countries, states, or Colorado counties between dates identified in a Kansas Department of Health and Environment policy (linked below), and to people who have traveled on a cruise ship or river cruise on or after March 15, 2020. The length of the quarantine can be 7, 10, or 14 days after last exposure, depending on whether the traveler has been tested and the preference of the local health officer. People who have been fully vaccinated or have had COVID-19 within the last six months are exempt from quarantine requirements.
Domestic travelers entering Maine are not subject to quarantine or testing requirements unless they are coming from a non-exempt state. (There are no non-exempt states as of June 6, 2021.) Unvaccinated people arriving in Maine within 7 days after international travel must quarantine for 7 days after arriving in the US and get a COVID-19 test within 3-5 days after arriving in the US. They must complete the full 7-day quarantine even if they test negative. An unvaccinated traveler should isolate if they test positive. If an unvaccinated traveler does not get tested after international travel, they should quarantine for 10 days. Any unvaccinated traveler arriving from international travel should avoid being around people at increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19 for 14 days after arriving in the US. Fully vaccinated international travelers do not need to quarantine unless they are experiencing symptoms, but they are advised to get tested 3-5 days after their arrival in the US and isolate if they test positive.
People entering Maryland are advised to get tested upon their arrival or within 72 hours before traveling to Maryland. A Maryland resident who travels to a location other than Virginia or the District of Columbia with a COVID-19 test positivity rate over 10 percent should get tested and self-quarantine at home until they receive the result. Essential workers and many commuters are exempt. Maryland residents are urged to avoid non-essential travel outside the state.
Most people entering Massachusetts are advised to either self-quarantine for 10 days upon arrival or test negative for COVID-19 no more than 72 hours before arrival. (A traveler also can end the quarantine early if they test negative before the 10-day period ends.) Asymptomatic people who have been fully vaccinated (14 days following last vaccine dose) before entering Massachusetts are exempt from the advisory. People who are staying in Massachusetts for less than 24 hours, or who left Massachusetts for less than 24 hours, also are exempt.
No statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 6, 2021, other than a recommendation to review any local public health guidelines and stay home if you are sick. Some areas of national parks in Montana are subject to restrictions.
No statewide restrictions on domestic travel as of June 6, 2021. International travelers must get tested within 3 days before returning to the US via airline, or provide documentation of recovery from COVID-19. International travelers are also urged to get tested 3-5 days after returning to the US and quarantine for 7 days after travel, or quarantine for 10 days if they do not get tested. Travelers also should follow CDC guidelines.
People who have coronavirus symptoms, have tested positive for COVID-19 and have not yet recovered, or have been presumptively diagnosed with COVID-19 are strongly discouraged from coming to Nevada. Otherwise, travelers to Nevada are urged to review CDC travel guidelines.
No statewide restrictions on domestic travel as of June 6, 2021, other than a general recommendation to follow CDC travel guidance. People entering New Hampshire following international travel (except essential travel to or from Canada) or travel on a cruise ship should self-quarantine for 10 days after the last date of international or cruise ship travel. The quarantine may be shortened to 7 days if a traveler is asymptomatic and receives a negative result from a COVID-19 molecular test taken on day 6 or 7 of quarantine. Fully vaccinated people and people within 90 days of a prior testing-confirmed COVID-19 infection are exempt from quarantine after international travel or travel on a cruise ship. However, groups not subject to quarantine requirements still should monitor for symptoms and practice social distancing and other public health precautions.
No statewide travel advisory in effect as of June 6, 2021, but travelers should follow CDC recommendations. These include delaying travel until you are fully vaccinated. Unvaccinated people who travel for 24 hours or longer to non-contiguous US states or territories should get tested 1-3 days before their trip and 3-5 days after their trip, and they should self-quarantine at home for 7 days after their trip. People arriving in New Jersey from international travel must get tested for COVID-19 within 3 days prior to their flight departure and present their negative result or documentation of recovery from COVID-19 to the airline before boarding the flight.
Asymptomatic travelers entering New York are not subject to testing or quarantine requirements. However, quarantine in compliance with CDC guidelines is recommended unless a traveler is fully vaccinated (at least two weeks after final vaccine dose) or has recovered from laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in the last three months. If a traveler has symptoms, they should isolate and contact their health care providers or the local health department to determine if they should be tested for COVID-19. Travelers must complete the Traveler Health Form unless they are entering New York from a contiguous state or left New York for less than 24 hours. All travelers still must monitor symptoms and follow public health precautions for 14 days after arriving in New York, even if they are fully vaccinated.
Travelers who are not fully vaccinated and have not recovered from COVID-19 in the last three months are advised to get tested 3-5 days after arriving in New York, consider a 7-day quarantine (with a test on day 3-5) or a 10-day quarantine (in other situations), and avoid people at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19 for 14 days, even if they test negative. Fully vaccinated international travelers who have not recovered from COVID-19 in the last three months are advised to get tested 3-5 days after arriving in New York from international travel.
Unvaccinated people entering North Dakota are advised to get a viral COVID-19 test 3-5 days after travel and quarantine for 7 days after travel, even if they test negative. They should quarantine for 10 days after travel if they do not get tested. Travelers who test positive or have symptoms of COVID-19 should self-isolate and follow North Dakota Department of Health recommendations. All travelers should avoid being around people who are at increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19 for 14 days, even if they get tested. Fully vaccinated individuals should follow CDC guidelines.
People entering Oregon should quarantine for 14 days after their arrival, limiting interactions to people in their immediate household. This advisory does not apply to essential travel. Vaccinated individuals are exempt if they have no COVID-19 symptoms, and they received their final COVID-19 vaccine dose at least 14 days previously. Oregon residents should avoid non-essential travel to other states or countries.
Unvaccinated travelers arriving from a US state or territory with a COVID-19 positivity rate of at least 5 percent generally must quarantine for 10 days or provide proof of a negative result from a COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours before their arrival or after their arrival. Unvaccinated international travelers must quarantine for 10 days, although they may shorten their quarantine to 7 days with a negative result from a test taken at least 5 days after their arrival. Fully vaccinated travelers are exempt from state quarantine and testing requirements, although testing is still encouraged 5 to 10 days after arrival.
No statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 6, 2021, other than a general recommendation to follow CDC advice and the travel advisories, notices, and recommendations issued by the US State Department.
No statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 6, 2021, other than general instructions to follow CDC recommendations and take precautions after returning from travel if you have not been fully vaccinated. Travelers are advised to consider purchasing travel insurance.
No statewide restrictions on domestic travel as of June 6, 2021. The Vermont Department of Health notes that the CDC recommends delaying travel until you are fully vaccinated, and it advises fully vaccinated visitors to carry their COVID-19 vaccine cards with them. International travelers should check US State Department travel advisories and follow CDC guidance.
The Virginia Department of Health generally recommends that all people who have not been fully vaccinated get tested before and after travel and stay home for at least 7 days after travel. More specifically, people who have not been fully vaccinated should get tested 3-5 days after travel and stay home for 7 days (even if they test negative), or stay home for 10 days if they do not get tested. Virginia residents who have not been fully vaccinated should avoid non-essential travel, especially if they are at higher risk of serious COVID-19 or visiting someone at higher risk of serious COVID-19. People who are fully vaccinated and travel internationally should get tested 3-5 days after travel but do not need to quarantine. Travelers who test positive or have COVID-19 symptoms should self-isolate and follow public health recommendations. They should not travel (or return home) until it is safe for them to be around others.
Wisconsin residents are advised to postpone all travel until they are fully vaccinated. People should not travel if they are sick or with someone who is sick, or if they have been around someone with COVID-19 in the past 14 days or think that they may have been exposed. Travel between multiple private homes within Wisconsin is not recommended. People who travel to an area with few doctors or hospitals should avoid going out into the community as much as possible.