Travel Restrictions During COVID-19: 50-State Resources
To stem the spread of the coronavirus, certain states have enacted restrictions on interstate and sometimes international travel. These usually take the form of a 14-day quarantine, which may be either mandatory or advised. The federal government also has enacted restrictions on international travel, focused on certain countries that are associated with a high rate of COVID-19. You can read more here about those restrictions.
The list below summarizes restrictions at the state level. Many county and city governments have adopted their own restrictions, which are not covered here. You may want to check the website of your local governing authority to find out about the most recent travel rules that may affect you.
Effective June 6, 2020, everyone entering Alaska must do one of the following: (1) complete a Traveler Declaration Form and arrive with proof of a qualifying negative COVID-19 test; or (2) obtain a COVID-19 test upon arrival in Alaska and self-quarantine until results arrive; or (3) self-quarantine for 14 days or the duration of your trip, whichever is shorter. There is an exception for Alaska residents who travel out of state for a period of five days or less; upon returning to Alaska they must either: (1) self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival, with no requirement for testing; or (2) obtain a COVID-19 test upon arrival in Alaska and follow a set of protocols including self-quarantining while waiting for test results. There are additional exceptions, including for workers arriving in Alaska from outside the state as part of the critical infrastructure workforce.
Effective June 15, 2020, there is no longer a quarantine requirement for travelers entering Arkansas based on the location they traveled from. This includes both domestic and international travel. Given the increased community spread of the coronavirus in the US, individuals are asked to consider home self-quarantine for 14 days upon returning to Arkansas.
Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, and New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy announced a joint incoming travel advisory effective June 25, 2020. All individuals (with limited exceptions, such as for essential workers) entering Connecticut from states with a significant spread of the coronavirus shall self-quarantine for a 14-day period from the time of last contact within the identified state. As of June 25, 2020, the states that met the criteria outlined in the advisory are Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Utah. The requirements of the travel advisory do not apply to individuals passing through the designated states for a limited duration through the course of travel (such as for layovers).
There are no travel restrictions in place as of June 25, 2020. DC entered into Phase Two of its reopening plan on June 22, 2020. During Phase Two, non-essential travel outside of the National Capitol Region remains discouraged. It is recommended to not travel if you are sick, or if you have been around someone with COVID-19 in the past 14 days, and to not travel with someone who is sick.
Governor Ron DeSantis has directed all individuals entering Florida from an area with substantial community spread of the coronavirus, including the New York Tri-State Area (Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York), to isolate or quarantine for 14 days from their entry into Florida or the duration of their stay in Florida, whichever is shorter. There are exceptions for airline employees; people involved in commercial activity; people performing military, emergency, or health responses; and students traveling for the purpose of academic work, internships, sports training and any other activity or program approved by their educational institution.
The 14-day mandatory self-quarantine for inter-island travel was lifted on June 16, 2020. A 14-day (or for the duration of a visit if it is shorter than 14 days) self-quarantine continues to be required for all individuals arriving from out-of-state to Hawaii, with limited exceptions. On June 24, 2020 Governor David Ige announced a new pre-travel testing program, whereby all travelers arriving in Hawaii from out-of-state can avoid the 14-day quarantine by getting a valid COVID-19 test within 72 hours of their trip and showing proof of a negative test result. This new program will go into effect August 1, 2020 and further details will be announced in the coming weeks.
As of June 25, 2020, Ada County returned to many of the guidelines in Stage 3 of Idaho’s reopening plan (Idaho Rebounds). In Stage 3, a 14-day self-quarantine is encouraged for people entering Idaho from another country or from an area outside Idaho with substantial community spread or case rates higher than Idaho’s. The rest of the state is in Stage 4 of its reopening plan, under which non-essential travel is permitted with regard to locations that allow it and are not experiencing ongoing transmission. Individuals in those areas should adhere to CDC guidelines related to non-essential travel.
As of June 17, 2020, there is a mandate to quarantine for 14 days after arrival in Kansas for anyone who has traveled internationally on or after March 15, 2020; traveled on a cruise ship or river cruise on or after March 15; traveled to Maryland on or after May 12; or traveled to Alabama, Arizona, or Arkansas on or after June 17. This mandate does not apply to critical infrastructure sectors.
The Maine CDC recommends that residents cancel or postpone all travel. It is mandated that all out-of-state travelers coming into Maine, as well as residents returning to Maine, must complete a 14-day quarantine upon arrival. Maine will allow adults who obtain and receive a negative COVID-19 PCR test no more than 72 hours before arriving in the state to forgo the 14-day quarantine. Residents of New Hampshire and Vermont are exempt from the testing and 14-day quarantine requirements.
There are no statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 25, 2020. Individuals who begin displaying coronavirus symptoms after traveling out of state for non-essential duties are recommended to self-quarantine for 14 days upon their return to Maryland. Individuals who travel out of state to perform essential duties may consider self-quarantining, but are not required to.
Massachusetts expects all visitors entering the state to self-quarantine for 14 days. Exceptions apply to workers in health care, public health, public safety, transportation, and other essential sectors.
There are no statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 25, 2020. According to an announcement issued June 1, 2020, all tribal lands were closed to visitors (see individual tribal government websites for real-time updates). Travelers can expect the Montana National Guard to conduct screenings in airports and train depots and refer anyone with coronavirus-related symptoms to local public health officials.
People returning to Nebraska from international travel should self-quarantine and self-monitor for 14 days, or for the duration of their stay if it will be less than 14 days. Exceptions apply to health care workers, commuters, and certain other designated groups.
Nevada strongly discourages people who have tested positive for the novel coronavirus and have not yet recovered, those who have been presumptively diagnosed with COVID-19, and those who are exhibiting symptoms of the virus from traveling to Nevada.
New Hampshire is encouraging people from other states who are considering visiting New Hampshire to remain in their home state until additional restrictions are lifted. Individuals from other states who will be traveling to and staying in New Hampshire for an extended period of time are requested to self-quarantine for a two-week period.
New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, and Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont announced a joint incoming travel advisory effective June 25, 2020. All individuals (with limited exceptions, such as for essential workers) entering New Jersey from states with a significant spread of COVID-19 should self-quarantine for a 14-day period from the time of last contact within the identified state. As of June 25, 2020, the states that met the criteria outlined in the advisory are Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Utah.
Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham issued an executive order on June 1, 2020 that requires air travelers to New Mexico to self-isolate or self-quarantine for at least 14 days from their date of entry, or the duration of their visit, whichever is shorter. This order includes exceptions to the 14-day self-quarantine requirement, including for emergency first responders, health care workers, military personnel, and individuals traveling to New Mexico to conduct business activities. This order replaced a prior self-quarantine order that was issued in March.
New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy, and Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont announced a joint incoming travel advisory effective June 25, 2020. All individuals (with limited exceptions, such as for essential workers) entering New York from states with a significant spread of the coronavirus must self-quarantine for a 14-day period from the time of last contact within the identified state. As of June 25, 2020, the states that met the criteria outlined in the advisory are Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Utah. The requirements of the travel advisory do not apply to any individual passing through the designated states for a limited duration through the course of travel (such as for layovers).
People returning to North Dakota from international travel, or who have traveled internationally within the last 14 days, must quarantine for 14 days or the duration of their stay, whichever is shorter. Exceptions apply to essential critical infrastructure workers and people who are commuting to and from North Dakota for work or for essential supplies and services.
People who have tested positive for the novel coronavirus, people who have been presumptively diagnosed with COVID-19, and people who are exhibiting the main symptoms of the virus, unless they have recovered, may not enter the state except for medical reasons or if they are a permanent resident of Ohio.
People returning to South Carolina from an area with substantial or ongoing community spread of the coronavirus are recommended to stay home for 14 days after leaving that area. If you have traveled internationally in the past 14 days, it is recommended that you stay home and monitor your health.
South Dakota does not have any travel restrictions for visitors, but the South Dakota Department of Tourism notes that some trip routes through Tribal lands may be closed and alternatives will be needed.
The State of Vermont has determined that any county with less than 400 active cases of COVID-19 per one million residents is now eligible for quarantine-free leisure travel. The Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development is regularly updating a map that identifies such “quarantine” and “non-quarantine” counties in the Northeastern US. Vermont residents may travel outside of the state to counties across New England and New York (as well as Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Washington, D.C., Virginia, and West Virginia as of July 1, 2020) that have a similar active coronavirus caseload to Vermont and return without quarantining if they do so in a personal vehicle. Vermont residents will be required to quarantine in Vermont upon return if they travel to a quarantine county or outside of New England and New York (or outside of the Northeastern United States as of July 1, 2020).
Residents of other states who live in counties across New England and New York (as well as Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Washington, DC, Virginia, and West Virginia as of July 1, 2020) that have a similar active COVID-19 caseload to Vermont may enter the state for leisure travel without quarantining if they do so in a personal vehicle. Residents of other states who live in a quarantine county or who are from any other state outside of New England or New York (or outside of the Northeastern United States as of July 1, 2020), must follow specific quarantine protocols, which include a 7-day or 14-day quarantine.
Vermont residents or non-resident travelers can enter Vermont without quarantining if they are traveling to or from Vermont for authorized work and have not been in contact with someone with the coronavirus in the prior 24 hours and have not experienced COVID-19-like symptoms in the prior 24 hours.
As of June 25, 2020, Virginia does not have any statewide quarantine requirements upon arrival from travel within the US. If you traveled internationally, or on a cruise ship or river boat, it is advised that you self-quarantine for 14 days from the time you return home.
There are no statewide travel restrictions in place as of June 25, 2020. The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources recommends that state residents with plans to vacation in a crowded area be extremely cautious, practice social distancing and wear a face mask, and that those who have traveled or are traveling to a large or crowded vacation area self-monitor/quarantine for 14 days upon return.
The Wisconsin Department of Health Services recommends that residents cancel or postpone all travel, including travel within the state. Residents who must travel are urged to check area-specific safety updates and closures as some cities and counties in Wisconsin may have stay at home or self-quarantine requirements.