Criminal Law

122. Corporation Is a Person

(A/The) defendant[s] in this case, <insert name[s] of corporate defendant[s]>, (is a corporation/are corporations). Under the law, a corporation must be treated in the same way as a natural person. When I use words like person or he or she in these instructions to refer to the defendant[s], those instructions [also] apply to <insert name[s] of corporate defendant[s]>.

Bench Notes

Instructional Duty

The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction if the defendant is a corporation.


Corporation Is a Person. Pen. Code, § 7.

Secondary Sources

1 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Defenses, §§ 3-6.

2 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 42, Arraignment, Pleas, and Plea Bargaining, § 42.21[2][e] (Matthew Bender).

(New January 2006)