California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM) (2017)
1049. Sexual Penetration of a Disabled PersonDownload PDF
1049.Sexual Penetration of a Disabled Person (Pen. Code,
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with sexual penetration of
a mentally or physically disabled person [in violation of Penal Code
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant committed an act of sexual penetration with
2. The penetration was accomplished by using (a/an) (foreign
object[,]/ [or] substance[,]/ [or] instrument[,]/ [or] device[,]/ [or]
3. The other person had a (mental disorder/developmental or
physical disability) that prevented (him/her) from legally
4. The defendant knew or reasonably should have known that the
other person had a (mental disorder/developmental or physical
disability) that prevented (him/her) from legally consenting.
Sexual penetration means (penetration, however slight, of the genital or
anal opening of the other person/ [or] causing the other person to
penetrate, however slightly, the defendant’s or someone else’s genital or
anal opening/ [or] causing the other person to penetrate, however
slightly, his or her own genital or anal opening) for the purpose of
sexual abuse, arousal, or gratiﬁcation.
A person is prevented from legally consenting if he or she is unable to
understand the act, its nature, and probable consequences.
[A foreign object, substance, instrument, or device includes any part of
the body except a sexual organ.] [An unknown object includes any
foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or any part of the body,
including a penis, if it is not known what object was used to accomplish
[Penetration for sexual abuse means penetration for the purpose of
causing pain, injury, or discomfort.]
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give an instruction deﬁning the elements of the
CALCRIM No. 1046, Sexual Penetration in Concert, may be given in conjunction
with this instruction if appropriate.
• Elements. Pen. Code, § 289(b).
•Consent Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 261.6; see People v. Boggs (1930) 107
Cal.App. 492, 495–496 [290 P. 618].
• Foreign Object, Substance, Instrument, or Device Deﬁned. Pen. Code,
§ 289(k)(2); see People v. Wilcox (1986) 177 Cal.App.3d 715, 717 [223
Cal.Rptr. 170] [a ﬁnger is a “foreign object”].
• Sexual Penetration Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 289(k)(1); see People v. Quintana
(2001) 89 Cal.App.4th 1362, 1371 [108 Cal.Rptr.2d 235] [penetration of genital
opening refers to penetration of labia majora, not the vagina].
• Unknown Object Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 289(k)(3).
• Sexual Abuse Deﬁned. People v. White (1986) 179 Cal.App.3d 193, 205–206
[224 Cal.Rptr. 467].
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Sex Offenses and
Crimes Against Decency, §§ 47, 50.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 142,
Crimes Against the Person, § 142.20[d],  (Matthew Bender).
Couzens & Bigelow, Sex Crimes: California Law and Procedure §§ 12:16, 12:17
(The Rutter Group).
LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSES
• Assault. Pen. Code, § 240.
•Attempted Sexual Penetration of Disabled Person. Pen. Code, §§ 664, 289(b).
• Battery. Pen. Code, § 242.
See the Related Issues section under CALCRIM No. 1045, Sexual Penetration by
Force, Fear, or Threats, and CALCRIM No. 1004, Rape of a Disabled Woman.
SEX OFFENSES CALCRIM No. 1049