California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM) (2017)
1092. Sodomy With Person Under 18 (Pen. Code, § 286(b)(1))Download PDF
1092.Sodomy With Person Under 18 (Pen. Code, § 286(b)(1))
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with sodomy with a person
who was under the age of 18 [in violation of Penal Code section
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant participated in an act of sodomy with another
2. The other person was under the age of 18 years at the time of
Sodomy is any penetration, no matter how slight, of the anus of one
person by the penis of another person. [Ejaculation is not required.]
[It is not a defense that the other person may have consented to the
[Under the law, a person becomes one year older as soon as the ﬁrst
minute of his or her birthday has begun.]
<Defense: Good Faith Belief 18 or Over>
[The defendant is not guilty of this crime if (he/she) reasonably and
actually believed that the other person was age 18 or older. The People
must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant did not
reasonably and actually believe that the other person was at least 18
years old. If the People have not met this burden, you must ﬁnd the
defendant not guilty of this crime.]
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction deﬁning the elements of
Give the bracketed paragraph that begins with “It is not a defense that” on request,
if there is evidence that the minor consented to the act. (See People v. Kemp (1934)
139 Cal.App. 48, 51 [34 P.2d 502].)
Give the bracketed paragraph about calculating age if requested. (Fam. Code,
§ 6500; In re Harris (1993) 5 Cal.4th 813, 849–850 [21 Cal.Rptr.2d 373, 855 P.2d
If there is sufficient evidence that the defendant reasonably and actually believed
that the minor was age 18 or older, the court has a sua sponte duty to instruct on
the defense. (See People v. Hernandez (1964) 61 Cal.2d 529, 535–536 [39
Cal.Rptr. 361, 393 P.2d 673]; People v. Winters (1966) 242 Cal.App.2d 711, 716
[51 Cal.Rptr. 735].)
• Elements. Pen. Code, § 286(b)(1).
•Sodomy Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 286(a); see People v. Singh (1923) 62 Cal.App.
450, 452 [217 P. 121] [ejaculation is not required].
• Minor’s Consent Not a Defense. See People v. Kemp (1934) 139 Cal.App. 48,
51 [34 P.2d 502] [in context of statutory rape].
• Mistake of Fact Regarding Age. See People v. Scott (2000) 83 Cal.App.4th
784, 800–801 [100 Cal.Rptr.2d 70]; People v. Hernandez (1964) 61 Cal.2d 529,
535–536 [39 Cal.Rptr. 361, 393 P.2d 673] [in context of statutory rape]; People
v. Peterson (1981) 126 Cal.App.3d 396, 397 [178 Cal.Rptr. 734] [in context of
oral copulation with minor].
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Sex Offenses and
Crimes Against Decency, §§ 25–27.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 142,
Crimes Against the Person, §§ 142.20[b], [d], 142.23 (Matthew Bender).
Couzens & Bigelow, Sex Crimes: California Law and Procedure §§ 12:16, 12:17
(The Rutter Group).
LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSES
• Attempted Sodomy of Minor. Pen. Code, §§ 664, 286(b)(1).
See the Related Issues section under CALCRIM No. 1070, Unlawful Sexual
Intercourse: Defendant 21 or Older, and CALCRIM No. 1071, Unlawful Sexual
Intercourse: Minor More Than Three Years Younger.
1093–1099. Reserved for Future Use
SEX OFFENSES CALCRIM No. 1092