California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM) (2017)

1190. Other Evidence Not Required to Support Testimony in Sex Offense Case

Download PDF
D. EVIDENCE
1190.Other Evidence Not Required to Support Testimony in Sex
Offense Case
Conviction of a sexual assault crime may be based on the testimony of a
complaining witness alone.
New January 2006
BENCH NOTES
Instructional Duty
This instruction may be given on request if a complaining witness testifies in a sex
offense case. The court has a sua sponte duty to give CALCRIM No. 301, Single
Witness’s Testimony, in every case. (People v. Rincon-Pineda (1975) 14 Cal.3d 864,
884–885 [123 Cal.Rptr. 119, 538 P.2d 247].) Because both instructions correctly
state the law and each focuses on a different legal point, there is no implication
that the victim’s testimony is more credible than the defendant’s testimony. (People
v. Gammage (1992) 2 Cal.4th 693, 700–702 [7 Cal.Rptr.2d 541, 828 P.2d 682]
[resolving split of authority on whether the two instructions can be given
together].)
AUTHORITY
• Instructional Requirements. People v. Blassingill (1988) 199 Cal.App.3d
1413, 1422 [245 Cal.Rptr. 599]; People v. Akey (1912) 163 Cal. 54, 55–56 [124
P. 718].
• Conviction of Sex Crime Sustained on Prosecutrix’s Uncorroborated
Testimony. People v. Poggi (1988) 45 Cal.3d 306, 326 [246 Cal.Rptr. 886, 753
P.2d 1082].
• Given Together With Instruction on Single Witness’s Testimony. People v.
Gammage (1992) 2 Cal.4th 693, 701–702 [7 Cal.Rptr.2d 541, 828 P.2d 682];
People v. Hollis (1991) 235 Cal.App.3d 1521, 1525–1526 [1 Cal.Rptr.2d 524].
Secondary Sources
5 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Criminal Trial, § 651.
4Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 85,
Submission to Jury and Verdict, § 85.03[2][b] (Matthew Bender).
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 142,
Crimes Against the Person, § 142.23[3][e][ii] (Matthew Bender).
931
0223