(iii) Counterfeit Seal
1925.Forgery of Government, Public, or Corporate Seal (Pen.
Code, § 472)
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with (forging/ [or]
counterfeiting) a (government/public/corporate) seal [or (falsely
making[,]/ [or] forging[,]/ [or] counterfeiting) an impression representing
a seal] [in violation of Penal Code section 472].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant (forged/ [or] counterfeited) a seal [or (falsely
made[,]/ [or] forged[,]/ [or] counterfeited) an impression
representing a seal] of (this state[,] /[or] a legally authorized
public officer[,] /[or] a court of record[,] /[or] a corporation[,]/
[or] a public seal legally authorized or recognized by any state,
government, or country);
2. When the defendant did that act, (he/she) intended to defraud.
Someone intends to defraud if he or she intends to deceive another
person either to cause a loss of (money[,]/ [or] goods[,]/ [or] services[,]/
[or] something [else] of value), or to cause damage to, a legal, ﬁnancial,
or property right.
[For the purpose of this instruction, a person includes (a governmental
agency/a corporation/a business/an association/the body politic).]
[It is not necessary that anyone actually be defrauded or actually suffer
a ﬁnancial, legal, or property loss as a result of the defendant’s acts.]
[The People allege that the defendant (forged[,]/ [or] counterfeited[,]/
[or] falsely made) the following items: ___________ <insert description of
each seal or impression when multiple items alleged>. You may not ﬁnd
the defendant guilty unless you all agree that the People have proved
that the defendant (forged[,]/ [or] counterfeited[,]/ [or] falsely made) at
least one of these items and you all agree on which item (he/she)
(forged[,]/ [or] counterfeited[,]/ [or] falsely made).]
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction deﬁning the elements of