CALCRIM No. 2126. Driving Under the Influence or With 0.08 or 0.04 Percent Blood Alcohol: Prior Convictions - Bifurcated Trial (Veh. Code, §§ 23550, 23550.5 & 23566)

Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2020 edition)

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2126.Driving Under the Influence or With 0.08 or 0.04 Percent
Blood Alcohol: Prior Convictions - Bifurcated Trial (Veh. Code,
§§ 23550, 23550.5 & 23566)
The People have alleged that the defendant was previously convicted of
(another/other) driving under the influence offense[s]. It has already been
determined that the defendant is the person named in exhibits
<insert numbers or descriptions of exhibits>. You must decide whether the
evidence proves that the defendant was convicted of the alleged crime[s].
The People allege that the defendant has been convicted of:
[1.] A violation of <insert Veh. Code section violated>, on
<insert date of conviction>, in the
<insert name of court>, in Case Number ______ <insert docket or
case number>(;/.)
[AND <Repeat for each prior conviction alleged>.]
[In deciding whether the People have proved the allegation[s], consider
only the evidence presented in this proceeding. Do not consider your
verdict or any evidence from the earlier part of the trial.]
You may not return a finding that (the/any) alleged conviction has or has
not been proved unless all 12 of you agree on that finding.
New January 2006; Revised March 2018
BENCH NOTES
Instructional Duty
The court has a sua sponte duty to instruct on proof of the alleged prior
convictions. Give this instruction if the court has granted a bifurcated trial. The
court must also give CALCRIM No. 221, Reasonable Doubt: Bifurcated Trial.
Give the bracketed paragraph that begins with “In deciding whether the People have
proved” on request.
The court must provide the jury with a verdict form on which the jury will indicate
if the prior conviction has been proved. (Pen. Code, § 1158.)
AUTHORITY
• Enhancements. Veh. Code, §§ 23550, 23550.5 & 23566.
• Prior Convictions. People v. Weathington (1991) 231 Cal.App.3d 69, 90 [282
Cal.Rptr. 170].
• Bifurcation. People v. Calderon (1994) 9 Cal.4th 69, 77-79 [36 Cal.Rptr.2d
333]; People v. Cline (1998) 60 Cal.App.4th 1327, 1334-1336 [71 Cal.Rptr.2d
41].
154
• Judge Determines if Defendant Person Named in Documents. Pen. Code,
§ 1025(b); People v. Garcia (2003) 107 Cal.App.4th 1159, 1165 [132 Cal.Rptr.2d
694].
RELATED ISSUES
See the Related Issues section in CALCRIM No. 2125, Driving Under the Influence
or With 0.08 or 0.04 Percent Blood Alcohol: Prior Convictions, and CALCRIM No.
3100, Prior Conviction: Nonbifurcated Trial.
SECONDARY SOURCES
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Crimes Against Public
Peace and Welfare, §§ 289-292.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 145,
Narcotics and Alcohol Offenses, § 145.02[3][d] (Matthew Bender).
2127-2129. Reserved for Future Use
VEHICLE OFFENSES CALCRIM No. 2126
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