CALCRIM No. 2331. Offering to Manufacture a Controlled Substance (Health & Saf. Code, §§ 11379.6(a) & (c))
Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2023 edition)Download PDF
2331.Offering to Manufacture a Controlled Substance (Health &
Saf. Code, §§ 11379.6(a) & (c))
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with offering to
<insert controlled substance from Health & Saf. Code,
§§ 11054, 11055, 11056, 11057, or 11058>, a controlled substance [in
violation of Health and Safety Code section 11379.6].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant offered to (manufacture/compound/convert/
produce/derive/process/prepare) a controlled substance,
specifically <insert controlled substance>, intending
to use chemical extraction or independent chemical synthesis;
2. When the defendant made the offer, (he/she) intended to
the controlled substance.
[The intent to use chemical extraction or chemical synthesis includes the
intent to use such methods directly or indirectly.]
[The People do not need to prove that the defendant knew which specific
controlled substance was involved, only that (he/she) was aware that it
was a controlled substance.]
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction defining the elements of the
• Elements. Health & Saf. Code, §§ 11379.6(a) & (c), 11054-11058.
• Specific Intent. People v. Jackson (1963) 59 Cal.2d 468, 469-470 [30 Cal.Rptr.
329, 381 P.2d 1].
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Crimes Against Public
Peace and Welfare, § 132.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 145,
Narcotics and Alcohol Offenses, § 145.01[a], [b], [f] (Matthew Bender).
2332-2334. Reserved for Future Use
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES CALCRIM No. 2331