CALCRIM No. 2393. Inducing Minor to Use Cannabis (Health & Saf. Code, § 11361(a))
Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2020 edition)Download PDF
2393.Inducing Minor to Use Cannabis (Health & Saf. Code,
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with inducing someone
under 18 years of age to use cannabis [in violation of Health and Safety
Code section 11361(a)].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant [unlawfully] (encouraged/persuaded/solicited/
intimidated/induced) <insert name of person
solicited> to use cannabis;
2. At that time, the defendant was at least 18 years of age or older;
3. At that time, <insert name of person solicited> was
under 18 years of age.
[Cannabis means all or part of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, whether
growing or not, including the seeds and resin extracted from any part of
the plant. [It also includes every compound, manufacture, salt,
derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin.]]
<If applicable, give the definition of industrial hemp: Health & Saf. Code,
[Cannabis does not include industrial hemp. Industrial hemp means a
fiber or oilseed crop, or both, that only contain types of the plant
Cannabis sativa L. with no more than three-tenths of 1 percent
tetrahydrocannabinol from the dried flowering tops, whether growing or
not. It may include the seeds of the plant; the resin extracted from any
part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative,
mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin produced from the
[Under the law, a person becomes one year older as soon as the first
minute of his or her birthday has begun.]
<Defense: Good Faith Belief Over 18>
[The defendant is not guilty of this crime if (he/she) reasonably and
actually believed that <insert name of person solicited> was
at least 18 years of age. The People have the burden of proving beyond a
reasonable doubt that the defendant did not reasonably and actually
believe that <insert name of person solicited> was at least 18
years of age. If the People have not met this burden, you must find the
defendant not guilty of this crime.]
New January 2006; Revised September 2018
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction defining the elements of the
Give the bracketed paragraph about calculating age if requested. (Fam. Code,
§ 6500; In re Harris (1993) 5 Cal.4th 813, 849-850 [21 Cal.Rptr.2d 373, 855 P.2d
Defenses - Instructional Duty
The court has a sua sponte duty to give the final bracketed paragraph if there is
substantial evidence supporting the defense that the defendant had a reasonable and
good faith belief that the person was over 18 years of age. (People v. Goldstein
(1982) 130 Cal.App.3d 1024, 1036-1037 [182 Cal.Rptr. 207].)
• Elements. Health & Saf. Code, § 11361(a).
• Age of Defendant Element of Offense. People v. Montalvo (1971) 4 Cal.3d
328, 332 [93 Cal.Rptr. 581, 482 P.2d 205].
• Good Faith Belief Minor Over 18 Defense to Inducing or Soliciting. People v.
Goldstein (1982) 130 Cal.App.3d 1024, 1036-1037 [182 Cal.Rptr. 207].
• “Cannabis” Defined. Health & Saf. Code, § 11018.
7 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Crimes Against Public
Peace and Welfare, § 126.
3 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 73,
Defenses and Justifications, § 73.06 (Matthew Bender).
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 145,
Narcotics and Alcohol Offenses, § 145.01[a], [a] (Matthew Bender).
2394-2399. Reserved for Future Use
CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES CALCRIM No. 2393