CALCRIM No. 2541. Carrying Firearm: Stolen Firearm (Pen. Code, §§ 25400(c)(2), 25850(c)(2))

Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2023 edition)

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2541.Carrying Firearm: Stolen Firearm (Pen. Code, §§ 25400(c)(2),
If you find the defendant guilty of unlawfully (carrying a concealed
firearm (on (his/her) person/within a vehicle)[,]/ causing a firearm to be
carried concealed within a vehicle[,]/ [or] carrying a loaded firearm)
[under Count[s] ], you must then decide whether the People have
proved the additional allegation that the firearm was stolen.
To prove this allegation, the People must prove that:
1. The firearm the defendant (carried/ [or] caused to be carried
concealed in a vehicle) was stolen;
2. The defendant knew or had reasonable cause to believe the
firearm was stolen.
The People have the burden of proving this allegation beyond a
reasonable doubt. If the People have not met this burden, you must find
this allegation has not been proved.
New January 2006; Revised February 2012
Instructional Duty
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction defining the elements of the
sentencing factor. (See Apprendi v. New Jersey (2000) 530 U.S. 466, 475-476, 490
[120 S.Ct. 2348, 147 L.Ed.2d 435].)
Give this instruction if the defendant is charged under Penal Code section
25400(c)(2) or 25850(c)(2) and the defendant does not stipulate to the firearm being
stolen. (People v. Hall (1998) 67 Cal.App.4th 128, 135 [79 Cal.Rptr.2d 690].) This
instruction must be given with the appropriate instruction defining the elements of
carrying a concealed firearm, CALCRIM No. 2520, 2521, or 2522, or carrying a
loaded firearm, CALCRIM No. 2530. The court must provide the jury with a verdict
form on which the jury will indicate if the sentencing factor has been proved.
If the defendant does stipulate that the firearm was stolen, this instruction should not
be given and that information should not be disclosed to the jury. (See People v.
Hall, supra, 67 Cal.App.4th at p. 135.)
Factors. Pen. Code, §§ 25400(c)(2), 25850(c)(2). Sentencing Factors, Not
Elements People v. Hall (1998) 67 Cal.App.4th 128, 135 [79 Cal.Rptr.2d 690].
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Crimes Against Public
Peace and Welfare, §§ 203-204, 249-250.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 144, Crimes
Against Order, § 144.01[1][d] (Matthew Bender).

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