CALCRIM No. 2915. Loitering (Pen. Code, § 647(h))
Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2023 edition)Download PDF
2915.Loitering (Pen. Code, § 647(h))
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with loitering [in violation
of Penal Code section 647(h)].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant delayed, lingered, prowled, or wandered on the
private property of someone else;
2. When the defendant was on that property, (he/she) did not have a
lawful purpose for being there;
3. When the defendant was on the property, (he/she) intended to
commit a crime if the opportunity arose;
4. The defendant’s purpose for being on the property was to commit
a crime if the opportunity arose.
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction defining the elements of the
• Elements. Pen. Code, § 647(h).
• Specific Intent to Commit Crime Required. In re Cregler (1961) 56 Cal.2d 308,
311-312 [14 Cal.Rptr. 289, 363 P.2d 305]; see In re Joshua M. (2001) 91
Cal.App.4th 743, 746-747 [110 Cal.Rptr.2d 662].
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Crimes Against Public
Peace and Welfare, § 71.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 144, Crimes
Against Order, § 144.20 (Matthew Bender).