CALCRIM No. 317. Former Testimony of Unavailable Witness

Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2023 edition)

Download PDF
317.Former Testimony of Unavailable Witness
The testimony that <insert name of witness> has given
under oath (was/will be) (read to/played for) you because (he/she) is not
available. You must evaluate this testimony by the same standards that
you apply to a witness who testified here in court.
New January 2006
Instructional Duty
The court has discretion to give an instruction on the weight a jury should give to
former testimony of an unavailable witness. (People v. Wharton (1991) 53 Cal.3d
522, 598-599 [280 Cal.Rptr. 631, 809 P.2d 290].) No case holds that a trial court
has a sua sponte duty to instruct on the use of former testimony of an unavailable
Instructional Requirements. People v. Wharton (1991) 53 Cal.3d 522, 598-599
[280 Cal.Rptr. 631, 809 P.2d 290].
Admissibility of Former Testimony. Evid. Code, § 1291.
Admissibility of Hearsay Evidence or Deposition Testimony Generally. Pen.
Code, § 686(3).
Former Testimony Defined. Evid. Code, § 1290.
Unavailable Witness Defined. Evid. Code, § 240.
Admissibility of Former Testimony as Substitute for Live Testimony. People v.
Reed (1996) 13 Cal.4th 217, 225-226 [52 Cal.Rptr.2d 106, 914 P.2d 184].
5 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Criminal Trial, § 644.
1 Witkin, California Evidence (5th ed. 2012) Hearsay, §§ 18 et seq., 265 et seq.
4 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 83,
Evidence, § 83.13[2], [3][o] (Matthew Bender).

© Judicial Council of California.