CALCRIM No. 3223. Reckless Driving With Specified Injury (Veh. Code, § 23105(a))
Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2023 edition)Download PDF
3223.Reckless Driving With Specified Injury (Veh. Code,
If you find the defendant guilty of reckless driving, you must then decide
whether the People have proved the additional allegation that when the
defendant committed that crime, (he/she) caused someone else to suffer
<insert injury or injuries specified in Veh. Code § 23105(b)>.
The People have the burden of proving this allegation beyond a
reasonable doubt. If the People have not met this burden, you must find
that the allegation has not been proved.
New August 2013; Revised August 2016
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction. See Apprendi v. New
Jersey (2000) 530 U.S. 466, 490 [120 S.Ct. 2348, 147 L.Ed.2d 435] [any fact that
increases penalty for crime beyond prescribed statutory maximum must be submitted
to jury and proved beyond reasonable doubt.]
The court has a sua sponte duty to give CALCRIM No. 240, Causation, if the issue
of whether the defendant’s act caused injury goes to the jury. (People v. Bernhardt
(1963) 222 Cal.App.2d 567, 591 [35 Cal.Rptr. 401].
• Elements. Veh. Code, § 23105(b).
CALCRIM No. 2200, Reckless Driving.
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Crimes Against Public
Peace and Welfare, § 271.