California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM) (2017)
906. Assault Committed on School or Park PropertyDownload PDF
906.Assault Committed on School or Park Property (Pen. Code,
§§ 240, 241.2)
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with assaulting a person on
(school/park) property [in violation of Penal Code section 241.2].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant did an act that by its nature would directly and
probably result in the application of force to a person;
2. The defendant did that act willfully;
3. When the defendant acted, (he/she) was aware of facts that
would lead a reasonable person to realize that (his/her) act by its
nature would directly and probably result in the application of
force to someone;
4. When the defendant acted, (he/she) had the present ability to
apply force to a person;
5. When the defendant acted, (he/she) was on (school/park)
<Give element 6 when instructing on self-defense or defense of another.>
6. The defendant did not act (in self-defense/ [or] in defense of
Someone commits an act willfully when he or she does it willingly or on
purpose. It is not required that he or she intend to break the law, hurt
someone else, or gain any advantage.
The terms application of force and apply force mean to touch in a
harmful or offensive manner. The slightest touching can be enough if it
is done in a rude or angry way. Making contact with another person,
including through his or her clothing, is enough. The touching does not
have to cause pain or injury of any kind.
[The touching can be done indirectly by causing an object [or someone
else] to touch the other person.]
[The People are not required to prove that the defendant actually
The People are not required to prove that the defendant actually
intended to use force against someone when (he/she) acted.
No one needs to actually have been injured by the defendant’s act. But
if someone was injured, you may consider that fact, along with all the
other evidence, in deciding whether the defendant committed an
assault[, and if so, what kind of assault it was].
[Voluntary intoxication is not a defense to assault.]
[A school is any (elementary school/junior high school/four-year high
school/senior high school/adult school [or any branch
thereof]/opportunity school/continuation high school/regional
occupational center/evening high school/technical school/community
[A park is any publicly maintained or operated park. It does not include
any facility that is being used for professional sports or commercial
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give an instruction deﬁning the elements of the
If there is sufficient evidence of self-defense or defense of another, the court has a
sua sponte duty to instruct on the defense. Give bracketed element 6 and any
appropriate defense instructions. (See CALCRIM Nos. 3470–3477.)
Do not give an attempt instruction in conjunction with this instruction. There is no
crime of “attempted assault” in California. (In re James M. (1973) 9 Cal.3d 517,
519 [108 Cal.Rptr. 89, 510 P.2d 33].)
• Elements. Pen. Code, §§ 240, 241.2.
•Willful Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 7, subd. 1; People v. Lara (1996) 44
Cal.App.4th 102, 107 [51 Cal.Rptr.2d 402].
• Mental State for Assault. People v. Williams (2001) 26 Cal.4th 779, 790 [111
Cal.Rptr.2d 114, 29 P.3d 197].
• Least Touching. People v. Myers (1998) 61 Cal.App.4th 328, 335 [71
Cal.Rptr.2d 518] [citing People v. Rocha (1971) 3 Cal.3d 893, 899–900, fn. 12
[92 Cal.Rptr. 172, 479 P.2d 372]].
1 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Crimes Against the
Person, § 22.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 142,
ASSAULTIVE AND BATTERY CRIMES CALCRIM No. 906
Crimes Against the Person, § 142.11; Ch. 144, Crimes Against Order, § 144.02
CALCRIM No. 906 ASSAULTIVE AND BATTERY CRIMES