California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM) (2017)
926. Battery Causing Injury to Specified Victim Not a Peace OfficerDownload PDF
926.Battery Causing Injury to Speciﬁed Victim Not a Peace
Officer (Pen. Code, §§ 242, 243(b)–(c)(1))
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with battery against (a/an)
<insert title speciﬁed in Pen. Code, § 243(c)(1)> [in violation
of Penal Code section 243].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this charge, the People must
1. The defendant willfully [and unlawfully] touched
<insert name> in a harmful or offensive manner;
<Alternative 2A—speciﬁed person performing duties>
[2. When the defendant acted, <insert name> was a
<insert title speciﬁed in Pen. Code, § 243(c)(1)> and
was performing the duties of (a/an) <insert title
speciﬁed in Pen. Code, § 243(c)(1)>;]
<Alternative 2B—nurse or doctor>
[2. When the defendant used that force, <insert name>
was a (nurse/medical doctor) who was giving emergency medical
care outside of a hospital, clinic, or other health care facility;]
3. When the defendant acted, (he/she) knew or reasonably should
have known, that <insert name> was (a/an)
<insert title speciﬁed in Pen. Code, § 243(c)(1)> who
was performing (his/her) duties(;/.)
<Give element 4 when the defendant is charged with Pen. Code,
4. <insert name> suffered injury as a result of the
<Give element 5 when instructing on self-defense or defense of another.>
(4/5). The defendant did not act (in self-defense/ [or] in defense of
Someone commits an act willfully when he or she does it willingly or on
purpose. It is not required that he or she intend to break the law, hurt
someone else, or gain any advantage.
Making contact with another person, including through his or her
clothing, is enough to commit a battery.
[The duties of (a/an) <insert title speciﬁed in Pen. Code,
§ 243(c)(1)> include <insert appropriate list of job duties
from statutory deﬁnition of professions, if available>.]
[It does not matter whether <insert name> was actually on
duty at the time.]
[An injury is any physical injury that requires professional medical
treatment. The question whether an injury requires such treatment
cannot be answered simply by deciding whether or not a person sought
or received treatment. You may consider those facts, but you must
decide this question based on the nature, extent, and seriousness of the
[The touching can be done indirectly by causing an object [or someone
else] to touch the other person.]
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give an instruction deﬁning the elements of the
crime. This instruction should be used when the alleged victim is not a peace
officer. If the alleged victim is a peace officer, use CALCRIM No. 945, Battery
Against Peace Offıcer.
If there is sufficient evidence of self-defense or defense of another, the court has a
sua sponte duty to instruct on the defense. Give bracketed element 2, the bracketed
words “and unlawfully” in element 1, and any appropriate defense instructions.
(See CALCRIM Nos. 3470–3477.)
If the alleged victim is a doctor or nurse, give element 2B. Otherwise give element
If the defendant is charged under Penal Code section 243(c)(1), give bracketed
element 4 and the deﬁnition of “injury.” If the defendant is charged with
misdemeanor battery under Penal Code section 243(b), do not give element 4 or
the deﬁnition of “injury”
Give the appropriate list of job duties for the alleged victim’s profession from the
current Penal Code section, if one is provided. Emergency medical technician,
nurse, custodial officer, lifeguard, traffic officer, and animal control officer are
deﬁned in Penal Code section 243(f). Fireﬁghter is deﬁned in Penal Code section
245.1. If a deﬁnition is provided in the statute, it should be given. (See People v.
Lara (1994) 30 Cal.App.4th 658, 669 [35 Cal.Rptr.2d 886].)
Give the ﬁnal bracketed paragraph if indirect touching is an issue.
ASSAULTIVE AND BATTERY CRIMES CALCRIM No. 926
• Elements. Pen. Code, §§ 242, 243(b)–(c)(1); see People v. Martinez (1970) 3
Cal.App.3d 886, 889 [83 Cal.Rptr. 914] [harmful or offensive touching].
• Willful Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 7(1); People v. Lara (1996) 44 Cal.App.4th 102,
107 [51 Cal.Rptr.2d 402].
• Injury Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 243(f)(6); People v. Longoria (1995) 34
Cal.App.4th 12, 17 [40 Cal.Rptr.2d 213].
1 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Crimes Against the
Person, §§ 12–14, 20, 66, 67.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 142,
Crimes Against the Person, § 142.12 (Matthew Bender).
People v. Longoria (1995) 34 Cal.App.4th 12, 17 [40 Cal.Rptr.2d 213], explains the
meaning of injury as deﬁned in the statute:
It is the nature, extent, and seriousness of the injury—not the inclination or
disinclination of the victim to seek medical treatment—which is determinative.
A peace officer who obtains “medical treatment” when none is required, has
not sustained an “injury” within the meaning of section 243, subdivision (c).
And a peace officer who does not obtain “medical treatment” when such
treatment is required, has sustained an “injury” within the meaning of section
243, subdivision (c). The test is objective and factual.
LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSES
• Assault. Pen. Code, § 240.
•Assault on Speciﬁed Victim. Pen. Code, § 241(b).
• Battery. Pen. Code, § 242.
• Misdemeanor Battery on Speciﬁed Victim. Pen. Code, § 243(b).
• Resisting Officer. Pen. Code, § 148.
927–934. Reserved for Future Use
CALCRIM No. 926 ASSAULTIVE AND BATTERY CRIMES