C. Protection of Privacy and Other Limitations
Protection of Privacy and Other Limitations
- General Limitations
The law enforcement activities authorized by this Part do not include maintaining files on individuals solely for the purpose of monitoring activities protected by the First Amendment or the lawful exercise of any other rights secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States. Rather, all such law enforcement activities must have a valid law enforcement purpose as described in this Part, and must be carried out in conformity with all applicable statutes, Department regulations and policies, and Attorney General Guidelines. In particular, the provisions of this Part do not supersede any otherwise applicable provision or requirement of the Attorney General's Guidelines on FBI Undercover Operations or the Attorney General's Guidelines Regarding the Use of Confidential Informants.
- Maintenance of Records Under the Privacy Act
Under the Privacy Act, the permissibility of maintaining records relating to certain activities of individuals depends in part on whether the collection of such information is "pertinent to and within the scope of an authorized law enforcement activity." 5 U.S.C. 552a(e)(7). By its terms, the limitation of 5 U.S.C. 552a(e)(7) is inapplicable to activities that do not involve the "maintain[ing]" of a "record" within the meaning of the Privacy Act, or that occur pertinent to and within the scope of an authorized law enforcement activity. "Authorized law enforcement activit[ies]" for purposes of the Privacy Act include carrying out and retaining information resulting from the checking of leads, preliminary inquiries, or investigations as described in Parts I-III of these Guidelines, or from activities described in Subpart A or B of this Part. As noted in paragraph (3) below, however, this is not an exhaustive enumeration of "authorized law enforcement activit[ies]." Questions about the application of the Privacy Act to other activities should be addressed to the FBI Office of the General Counsel or the Office of Information and Privacy.
- Construction of Part
This Part does not limit any activities authorized by or carried out under other Parts of these Guidelines. The specification of authorized law enforcement activities under this Part is not exhaustive, and does not limit other authorized law enforcement activities, such as those relating to foreign counterintelligence or foreign intelligence.