The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. It also is used as a synonym for venue, meaning the geographic area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to decide cases.
Source: U.S. Courts
The legal authority which a court or administrative agency has over particular persons and over certain types of cases, usually in a defined geographical area.
Source: Office of Child Support Enforcement.
(1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case; (2) the geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases; (3) the territory, subject matter, or persons over which lawful authority may be exercised by a court.
Source: California Courts.
Authority to apply the law in a given territory or region. For example, the INS district office in the area where a person lives has jurisdiction or authority to decide on a fiance(e) petition.
Source: U.S. Department of State.