Education Law Center

Programs that receive federal funding cannot discriminate in providing services or benefits.

Children with special needs have a right to an individualized education program and other benefits.

This federal law prohibits discrimination in education based on race, national origin, or color.

Federal laws do not expressly protect LGBTQ+ students from discrimination in schools, but they do have some legal rights.

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Popular Topics
  • Disability Discrimination at Schools
    Federal laws prohibit schools from discrimination against children with disabilities and require schools to accommodate their medical needs.
  • School Injuries
    Schools must keep children in their care safe, and they may be found liable if a failure to meet this duty causes injuries such as slip and falls, sports injuries, or playground accidents.
  • Testing Accommodations for Children With Disabilities
    Children may be entitled to accommodations based on a learning disability or a disability that affects their ability to learn.
  • Miranda Rights for Students
    Children have strong protections when they are being questioned by the police at school, but these protections may not apply to questioning by school officials.
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    The No Child Left Behind Act and related laws have attempted to impose minimum standards on performance in schools, relying on increased testing and other evaluations of student progress.
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