Injury and Accident Law

Seizure of Violative Products

Seizure of Violative Products

Products which are in violation of an applicable standard or regulation are subject to seizure and condemnation proceedings under the various statutes.

Seizure Under the CPSA

Section 22(b) of the CPSA, 15 U.SC.§ 2071(b), states "Any consumer product

  1. which fails to conform with an applicable consumer product safety rule, or
  2. the manufacture for sale, offering for sale, distribution in commerce or the importation into the United States of which has been prohibited by an order in effect under section 15(d),

when introduced into or while in commerce or while held for sale after shipment in commerce shall be liable to be proceeded against on libel of information and condemned in any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such consumer product is found...."

Seizure Under the FHSA

Section 6(a) of the FHSA, 15 U.S.C. §1265(a), states "Any misbranded hazardous substance or banned hazardous substance when introduced into or while in interstate commerce or while held for sale (whether or not the first sale) after shipment in interstate commerce, or which may not, under the provisions of section 4(f), be introduced into interstate commerce, or which has been manufactured in violation of section

4(g), shall be liable to be proceeded against while in interstate commerce or at any time thereafter, on libel of information and condemned in any district court in the United States within the jurisdiction of which the hazardous substance is found: Provided, That this section shall not apply to a hazardous substance intended for export to any foreign country if it (1) is in a package branded in accordance with the specifications of the foreign purchaser, (2) is labeled in accordance with the laws of the foreign country, and (3) is labeled on the outside of the shipping package to show that it is intended for export, and (4) is so exported."

Seizure Under the FFA

Section 6(b) of the FFA, 15 U.S.C. §1195(b), states "Whenever the Commission has reason to believe that any product has been manufactured or introduced into commerce or any fabric or related material has been introduced into commerce in violation of section 3 of this Act, it may institute proceedings by process of libel for the seizure and confiscation of such product, fabric, or related material in any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such product, fabric, or related material is found...."

Seizure Under the FD&CA (For Certain Products Regulated Under the PPPA)

Section 304(a) of the FD&CA, 21 U.S.C. § 334, states "Any article of food, drug, or cosmetic that is adulterated or misbranded when introduced into or while in interstate commerce or while held for sale (whether or not the first sale) after shipment in interstate commerce, or which may not, under the provisions of section 404 or 505 of this title, be introduced into interstate commerce, shall be liable to be proceeded against while in interstate commerce, or at any time thereafter, on libel of information and condemned in any district court of the United States or United States court of a Territory within the jurisdiction of which the article is found...."