Thurston County DUI Lawyers

Compare 19 top rated Washington attorneys serving Thurston County.
Lawyer Rating
Video Conferencing
Free Consultation & Fees
More Filters
Linda Medeiros Callahan
PREMIUM
Linda Medeiros Callahan
DUI Lawyer Serving Thurston County, WA
Facing a DUI/DWI? Experienced attorney can help. Call for a free consultation!
I’m an experienced Washington DUI/DWI defense lawyer and represent clients in all types of DUI and DWI cases. I will vigorously fight for your rights and help you through every stage of your case. Read More »
Jason S. Newcombe
PREMIUM
Jason S. Newcombe
DUI Lawyer Serving Thurston County, WA
10.0Justia Lawyer Rating for Jason S. Newcombe
Get help now. Free consultation, aggressive representation in DUI and DWI cases.
I am an experienced DUI and DWI defense lawyer and represent clients who have been arrested or are facing a DUI/DWI charge. I will fight for you and your rights and work for the best possible outcome in your case. Read More »
Linda Medeiros Callahan
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingLII GoldSocial MediaResponsive Law
Linda Medeiros Callahan
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 22 years of experience
(360) 464-2705 921 Lakeridge Way SW
Suite 102
Olympia, WA 98502
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfDUI, Criminal and Personal Injury
University of Notre Dame
At Callahan Law, we are inspired to give our clients the peace of mind and confidence that only experience, skill and knowledge can provide. We are dedicated to extraordinary service and to aggressive, innovative advocacy, seeking the winning strategies necessary for every client's case.
Angela Horwath
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial MediaResponsive Law
Angela Horwath
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 16 years of experience
(253) 620-0033 400 Union Ave SE
200
Olympia, WA 98501
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfDUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Juvenile
Seattle University School of Law
Angela Horwath is the owner of a 8 attorney firm that represents the criminally accused. She has successfully represented 1000s of clients throughout Washington state and has a 10/10 rating on avvo. She is well liked by her clients and has over 350 5 star reviews. She routinely obtains dismissals or significant reductions.
James Laukkonen
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingQ&ASocial MediaResponsive Law
James Laukkonen
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 13 years of experience
(360) 999-8359 1800 Cooper Point Rd SW, STE 12
Olympia, WA 98502
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfDUI and Criminal
Washington and Lee University School of Law
James Laukkonen focuses on restoring firearm rights and cleaning up old criminal history. He also does a good amount of criminal defense. He has successfully defended a wide variety of cases from complex felonies to simple misdemeanors. James has handled cases in District and Superior courts throughout the South Sound region, most often in Thurston, Lewis, and Mason Counties. James is a member of the Washington Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, the Washington State Bar Association, the Washington Veterans Bar Association, and the Thurston County Bar Association. He graduated from Washington and Lee University, School of Law, in Virginia and...
Sharon Elizabeth Chirichillo
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Sharon Elizabeth Chirichillo
Thurston County, WA DUI Lawyer with 21 years of experience
(360) 943-8999 1801 West Bay Dr NW
Suite 207
Olympia, WA 98502
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal and Juvenile
Seattle University School of Law
An effective defense requires a good relationship between you and your attorney. When I meet with a client for the first time, usually he or she is scared & humiliated of being accused of a crime. Entrusting me along with my staff is a calling I take to heart. Together we navigate our client through the tedious and exacting criminal justice system. We care for a client's best outcome. Our firm is dedicated to the aggressive defense of dui and other serious traffic matters such as reckless driving charges, negligent driving offenses, and driving with a suspended license. Prosecutors and police...
Jakob Daniel McGhie
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Jakob Daniel McGhie
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 7 years of experience
(360) 352-1134 3025 Limited Ln NW
#101
Olympia, WA 98502
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal and Domestic Violence
Gonzaga University School of Law
Jakob graduated cum laude from Gonzaga University in 2011 with a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science and a minor in Philosophy. He then attended Gonzaga University School of Law, where he graduated Magna Cum Laude. He excelled academically, earning CALI awards in several courses including Constitutional Law, Professional Responsibility, and Real Estate Law. He also excelled in Moot Court competition, competing in the National Appellate Advocacy Competition twice, and winning the Gonzaga University Clarke Cup oral advocacy competition in 2012. During law school, Jakob volunteered for several organizations such as the Washington Moderate Means Program, the Center for Justice,...
Micah Preston White
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Micah Preston White
(360) 556-9825 1800 Cooper Pt Rd SW
Bldg 3
Olympia, WA 98502
Free ConsultationThurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 8 years of experience
DUI, Criminal and Domestic Violence
Seattle University School of Law
Preston White has been defending people accused of crimes, and policing the police since 2014, and in Western Washington since 2016. He is experienced in DUIs, Drug and Alcohol related crimes, Fish and Wildlife crimes, Domestic Violence, Violent Crimes, Misdemeanors, Felonies, and Traffic Infractions. Preston joined Gravis Law in 2019, and continues to provide excellent representation in Western Washington.
Thomas Paul Keehan
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Thomas Paul Keehan
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 18 years of experience
(360) 357-7791 1800 Cooper Point Rd SW, Building #16
PO Box 7846
Olympia, WA 98507
DUI, Business, Criminal and Employment
University of Wisconsin - Madison
Jonathan Swartz
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Jonathan Swartz
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 19 years of experience
(360) 705-9266 925 Trosper Road SW
Olympia, WA 98512
Free ConsultationDUI, Business, Divorce and Domestic Violence
Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, Arizona State University
I have strong connections to the Olympia and South Sound communities. I take an active role in cases and strive to maintain personal and productive relationships. I am inspired by my desire to "make the world a better place." The joy I get from my work stems from my clients' enthusiasm for and satisfaction with my counsel.
Charles William Lane IV
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Charles William Lane IV
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 32 years of experience
(360) 352-8887 1800 Cooper Point Rd SW
Olympia, WA 98502
DUI, Business, Criminal and Personal Injury
University of Washington School of Law and Tulane University School of Law
20 years litigation experience. I have helped thousands of clients get through very difficult situations
Bret M. Woody
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Bret M. Woody
(360) 918-7311 400 Union Ave SE #200
Olympia, WA 98501
Free ConsultationThurston County, WA DUI Lawyer
DUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Traffic Tickets
****Aggressive Criminal Defense**** ****Traffic Infractions**** ****Firearms Rights Restoration****

As a law student at Seattle University, I spent a year and a half providing public defense work in the King County court system. I worked in every aspect of District Court - from the jail to the jury. The diversity of my court assignments showed me a multitude of different defendants and case facts. I was able to learn the trade from some of the absolute best in the criminal defense business. Since passing the bar, I have continued on with my...
Christopher Taylor
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Christopher Taylor
Thurston County, WA DUI Lawyer with 16 years of experience
(360) 352-8004 203 4th Ave E Ste 407
Olympia, WA 98501
Free ConsultationDUI, Administrative, Appeals and Criminal
University of Idaho College of Law
Jonathan S Swartz
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Jonathan S Swartz
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 19 years of experience
(360) 705-9266 925 Trosper Road SW
Olympia, WA 98512
DUI, Business, Criminal and Divorce
Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, Arizona State University
Philip L Kratz
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 25 years of experience
(360) 352-7199 1441 W Bay Dr NW
101
Olympia, WA 98502
DUI, Criminal, Divorce and Family
Brian Michael Barnes
Thurston County, WA DUI Lawyer with 26 years of experience
(360) 754-8028 1800 Cooper Point Rd SW
Olympia, WA 98502
DUI, Bankruptcy, Criminal and Divorce
Diane Kathleen Whaley
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney
(360) 561-0026 4570 Avery Ln SE Unit 266
Lacey, WA 98503
DUI
Susan Lomax Carlson
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 41 years of experience
(360) 357-2077 415 12th Ave SW
Olympia, WA 98504
DUI, Appeals, Civil Rights and Criminal
Karl Alan Hack
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 25 years of experience
(360) 357-4344 1101 Eastside St SE
STE F
Olympia, WA 98501
DUI, Criminal, Divorce and Family
Charles F. Bryant II
Thurston County, WA DUI Lawyer with 39 years of experience
(360) 407-2730 2420 Bristol Ct SW
Olympia, WA 98502
DUI, Divorce and Family
Deborah A. St. Sing
Thurston County, WA DUI Attorney with 35 years of experience
(360) 943-0955 1421 Ridgeview Loop SW
Tumwater, WA 98512
DUI, Administrative and Criminal
Jeffrey David Gross
Pierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 41 years of experience
(253) 572-2942 1702 Commercial St
Steilacoom, WA 98388
DUI, Criminal and Personal Injury
F. Mcnamara Jardine
Pierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 30 years of experience
(253) 383-4532 1100 Station Dr Ste 141
DuPont, WA 98327
DUI, Criminal, Personal Injury and Traffic Tickets
Ryan Witt
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingQ&ASocial Media
Ryan Witt
(253) 312-3838 5800 Soundview Drive
Bldg C Suite 103
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfPierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 21 years of experience
DUI, Criminal and Personal Injury
Gonzaga University School of Law
When it comes to criminal defense, local representation absolutely matters. I encourage you to look at my competitors' ads. Their offices are in Seattle or Tacoma. You should also look at the zoom courts, which are open to the public, and you won't find these Seattle lawyers in Kitsap every day of the week or even once a week. You will see me. I was a prosecutor for several years and have done defense for 17 years. I know every option in Kitsap for successfully resolving a DUI. Why does that matter? I will let you in on a secret...if your...
Cristine Beckwith
Claimed Lawyer ProfileQ&ASocial MediaResponsive Law
Cristine Beckwith
(253) 238-8273 1115 Tacoma Ave S
Tacoma, WA 98402
Free ConsultationPierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 18 years of experience
DUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Juvenile
Gonzaga University School of Law and University of Washington School of Law
Cristine Beckwith is a compassionate defender that will give you an honest assessment of your case. She can almost always uncover evidence that works in her client's favor, resulting in a case dismissal or significantly reduced charges.

Even if incriminating statements or an admission of guilt has been made to law enforcement, hope is not lost. A strong defense combined with a positive history in the community can still result in a favorable outcome.

Cristine is rated 10/10 by the Avvo lawyer rating service. She offers a reasonable flat fee pricing structure as well as a free consultation.
Antonio Garguile
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Antonio Garguile
(253) 201-2001 728 Pacific Ave, Suite 220
Tacoma, WA 98402
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfPierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 10 years of experience
DUI and Traffic Tickets
Gonzaga University School of Law
Tony is an energetic attorney whose approach to the practice of law is extremely client focused. He prides himself on communicating with clients openly and often, being extremely responsive to their needs, anticipating issues that may arise, and providing appropriate advice and counsel. Currently, he focuses his attention on the representation of clients in both civil and criminal traffic matters.

Tony was born and raised in Bremerton, Washington. He earned his B.S. in Economics from the University of Washington. After earning his B.S., Tony headed east to Spokane, where he earned his J.D. from Gonzaga University School of Law. He was...
Jennifer Burr Witt
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Jennifer Burr Witt
(253) 312-3838 Criminal Defense and Personal Injury Law Firm
Gig Harbor, WA 98335
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfPierce County, WA DUI Attorney with 22 years of experience
DUI, Criminal and Personal Injury
Gonzaga University School of Law
The lawyers at Witt Law Group proudly represent residents of Kitsap County and beyond. As successful advocates for justice, we invite you to contact our attorneys any time of day so that we can create a winning strategy. Every case and every client deserves a unique and effective strategy for the best outcome. Whether you have been injured in an accident or facing the stress of a criminal charge, we want to help. If you want to know more information, we have an extensive collection of blog articles and even e-books on various topics. Visit our website to download an...
Derek Michael Smith
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Derek Michael Smith
(253) 203-1645 717 Tacoma Ave S
#C
Tacoma, WA 98402
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfPierce County, WA DUI Attorney with 26 years of experience
DUI, Criminal and Domestic Violence
Seattle University School of Law
I was a prosecutor for 15 years for the cities of Kent and Seattle. I serve or have served as a pro tem judge for the cities of Kent, Federal Way, Des Moines, Algona/Pacific and Issaquah. Since 2011 I have practiced as a defense attorney doing criminal defense, civil rights restoration, and protection order litigation. I represent individuals on cases from murder in the first degree to traffic infractions.
Emily M. Gause
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Emily M. Gause
King County, WA DUI Lawyer with 10 years of experience
(206) 660-8775 130 Andover Park East, Suite 300
Tukwila, WA 98188
Free ConsultationDUI, Appeals, Criminal and Juvenile
Seattle University School of Law and Washington State University
Recognized as an aggressive defender who gets impressive results in serious cases, Emily M. Gause is committed to compassionate representation, working with clients to devise an investigation plan and craft the most effective defense strategy. She defends people charged with serious felonies in state and federal courts across the State of Washington. Ms. Gause has overturned convictions in the Washington State Court of Appeals and obtained many favorable results in felony trials. She has carved an impressive reputation in the criminal defense legal community as a rising star.

After graduating with a degree in criminal justice from Washington...
James H. Curtis
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial MediaResponsive Law
James H. Curtis
King County, WA DUI Lawyer with 16 years of experience
(253) 327-1063 400 Industry Drive
Suite 100
Tukwila, WA 98188
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal and Personal Injury
University of Washington School of Law
With over ten years' worth of work as a prosecutor, extensive legal research and writing experience, and a demonstrated commitment to community service and outreach, James Curtis is the attorney you need in the Tacoma, WA, area.

James Curtis received his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Washington School of Law in 2005. For the next few years he worked in Seattle in several firms where he gained experience in legal research and writing, drafting motions, conducting interviews and depositions, and case evaluation. In 2007 he began working as a deputy prosecuting attorney for Pierce County (Tacoma). He has conducted...
Stryder J. Wegener
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Stryder J. Wegener
King County, WA DUI Lawyer with 18 years of experience
(206) 973-0407 1366 31st Ave South
Seattle, WA 98144
DUI, Criminal, Personal Injury and Traffic Tickets
Seattle University School of Law
After law school, Stryder worked at the YWCA of Pierce County in the legal services department, where he represented primarily Spanish speaking victims of domestic violence in matters ranging from criminal hearings to protection orders and dissolutions.

These experiences fostered Stryder’s perspective on how cases are practically handled and instilled a deep appreciation that everyone deserves responsive and aggressive legal representation. This guided him to establish Emerald City Law Group, which is dedicated to protecting people’s rights. With a unique focus on listening to our clients and fostering real, lasting relationships, attorney Wegener and every member of our firm is committed...
James White
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingBlawg SearchSocial Media
James White
(253) 203-1645 717 Tacoma Ave S
Suite C
Tacoma, WA 98402
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfPierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 25 years of experience
DUI, Criminal and Domestic Violence
Seattle University School of Law
Get your case dismissed with a motion or because the government is unable to proceed. On a recent dismissal the Judge said she had not dismissed a case in 20 years but she was dismissing mine.

99%+ client satisfaction. All of our clients give us positive reviews.

Where I grew up in the mountainous Redwoods people prided themselves on their common sense. Common sense is not something frequently associated with the law. But there is a lot of common sense behind the ideas of the law. Re-introducing...
Bradley Clar Johnson
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Bradley Clar Johnson
King County, WA DUI Attorney with 29 years of experience
(206) 223-1601 1325 4th Ave
Suite 535
Seattle, WA 98101
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Personal Injury
University of Washington School of Law
Bradley Johnson opened his firm straight out of law school to provide top notch legal aid to those who need it. As a zealous advocate for the rights of injured victims, and those accused of crimes, Bradley has had tremendous success over the years. Bradley's belief is that no matter what your financial situation, everyone deserves aggressive and effective legal reprsentation. This philosophy is a large part of the success of Bradley Johnson Attorneys.
Nadine Bertman
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawg SearchSocial MediaResponsive Law
Nadine Bertman
(206) 855-3964 101 Yesler Way, Suite 603
Seattle, WA 98104
Free ConsultationKing County, WA DUI Attorney with 11 years of experience
DUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Juvenile
Seattle University School of Law
Nadine Bertman is a criminal defense attorney in Seattle, Washington. She is a managing attorney at Beckwith Law.

At Avvo.com she is rated a 10/10 and has over 50 client reviews. Nadine is accessible to clients and has a history of generating favorable outcomes in difficult cases.
Matthew Zenner
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial MediaResponsive Law
Matthew Zenner
King County, WA DUI Lawyer with 6 years of experience
(253) 859-8840 655 West Smith St.
Suite 210
Kent, WA 98032
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfDUI, Criminal and Domestic Violence
Seattle University School of Law
Matthew Zenner has been an associate attorney with Stewart MacNichols Harmell, Inc., P.S. since September 2016. He has represented thousands of criminal defendants in courts all throughout King County and Pierce County. He represents clients charged with misdemeanor and felony crimes. He is an experienced trial attorney and negotiator.

He also represents clients with civil protection order cases, such as domestic violence protection orders, anti-harassment protection orders, extreme risk protection orders, and sexual assault protection orders. Prior to joining Stewart MacNichols Harmell, Inc., P.S, Matthew practiced family law and represented clients in divorce, child custody, and adoption cases.

Matthew is a...
Keith Hall
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial MediaResponsive Law
Keith Hall
King County, WA DUI Lawyer
(253) 867-2675 610 Central Ave South
Kent, WA 98032
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfDUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Traffic Tickets
University of San Diego School of Law
Keith loves representing and fighting hard for his clients. His clients are often people who have never been in trouble before, but now find themselves in the gun sights of the government's prosecution machine. Often times these clients have nowhere else to turn. Keith is a passionate trial lawyer who will advocate for his clients, when it feels like everyone else is against them.

Keith is a believer in the jury trial system, which gives an opportunity for regular people, with the help of a hard working defense lawyer, to stand up in court against the government. Keith has...
Michael Harbeson
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Michael Harbeson
Pierce County, WA DUI Attorney with 25 years of experience
(253) 209-6366 105 W Main Avenue
Suite B117
Puyallup, WA 98371
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal, Juvenile and Traffic Tickets
Gonzaga University School of Law
I have been a local resident of Pierce County for over 40 years and have strong ties with the local community. I am the proud father of two daughters and maintain active ties with my local church and community. Upon graduation from Seattle University in 1993, I decided to become a trial attorney. At the age of 25 years, I graduated from Gonzaga University School of Law and have been a successful trial attorney ever since. My experiences include being a former prosecutor with King County and the City of Auburn. I have successfully...
Martha A McLaughlin
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Martha A McLaughlin
Pierce County, WA DUI Attorney with 14 years of experience
711 St Helens Ave Ste 209
Tacoma, WA 98402
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Personal Injury
Seattle University School of Law
I graduated Seattle University School of law and immediately began working at the Pierce County Prosecutor's Office. After two years with the Prosecutor's Office, I joined Durflinger Oliver & Associates where I help those who have been accused of committing crimes. I have handled thousands of cases ranging from domestic violence to DUI's. I have helped hundreds of clients keep or restore their driving privileges by prevailing in administrative hearings with the the Department of Licensing. I have also helped many clients vacate felony and misdemeanor convictions and restore their firearm rights. My previous experience as a prosecutor...
Gregory Wayne Schwesinger
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gregory Wayne Schwesinger
King County, WA DUI Attorney with 28 years of experience
(206) 441-0900 1524 Alaskan Way
Ste 110
Seattle, WA 98101
Free ConsultationDUI and Criminal
Willamette University College of Law and University of Washington School of Law
Following a successful career as a Judge Advocate and subsequently as a Prosecuting Attorney for the City of Seattle, I chose to enter the private sector and represent those who unfortunately find themselves charged with a crime. I have handled hundreds of criminal cases throughout my career. I represent my clients zealously and with an abundance of compassion and care, and I continue to look forward to the challenge of serving those who find themselves in need of my professional services.
Shane McKinnie
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Shane McKinnie
King County, WA DUI Attorney with 8 years of experience
(206) 395-9175 119 1st Ave S
Suite 310
Seattle, WA 98104
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal, Estate Planning and Military
Seattle University School of Law
Attorney Shane McKinnie is a former criminal prosecutor, and has experience working for both large and small law firms in the Seattle area. Shane approaches his cases from a practical perpective and above all, seeks to help his clients solve their problems in the way that best suits their circumstances and desires.
Shane is a fourth-generation Washingtonian and military veteran. He grew up in Snohomish County and attended Washington State University where he was a member of the Honors College and president of a fraternity. Shortly after graduating from WSU, he attended Navy Officer Candidate School (OCS) and was commissioned as...
Jordan Foster
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Jordan Foster
Pierce County, WA DUI Lawyer with 17 years of experience
(253) 222-4878 1008 S. Yakima Ave, Ste 100
Tacoma, WA 98405
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfDUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Traffic Tickets
Gonzaga University School of Law
Jordan K. Foster, Criminal Defense Attorney I started my career doing real estate, business, and construction law. A few years back, I decided a change of pace was in order and began practicing criminal defense law. Since entering the criminal defense arena, I have been voted a Rising Star in Criminal Defense Law by Washington Super Lawyers in 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018. Today I focus primarily on criminal defense. I assist people facing misdemeanors, felonies, and traffic infractions. I am an active member of the Washington State Bar Association, the Tacoma Pierce County Bar Association, and...
Michael Steven Clark
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Michael Steven Clark
Pierce County, WA DUI Attorney with 29 years of experience
(855) 384-2237 705 S 9th Street
Suite 202
Tacoma, WA 98405
Free ConsultationDUI, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Personal Injury
University of Washington School of Law and University of Puget Sound
DUI Lawyers in Nearby Cities
Toggle tool

There are no recently viewed profiles.

There are no saved profiles.

There are no profiles to compare.