Carmel Family Lawyers

Compare 47 top rated New York attorneys serving Carmel.
Services
Lawyer Rating
Video Conferencing
Free Consultation & Fees
More Filters
Stephen Bilkis
PREMIUM
Stephen Bilkis
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
10.0Justia Lawyer Rating for Stephen Bilkis
Strong and compassionate family law attorney. Call today!
I’m an experienced family lawyer and will fight for your rights and help you through every stage of your case. My practice includes simple and complex divorce cases, adoption, child support, child custody, and more. Read More »
Cindy N. Brown
PREMIUM
Cindy N. Brown
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Free Consultation! Experienced Family Law Attorney! Protect Your Rights!
I am a knowledgeable and skilled family lawyer. I am especially passionate about defending the rights and interests of fathers! Visit my website to see client testimonials and case results. Call for a free consultation. Read More »
Mark Weaver
PREMIUM
Mark Weaver
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Experienced, Knowledgeable, Compassionate Family Law Attorney. Call Today!
Mark prides myself in the time and care he devotes to establishing trusting relationships with his clients. He knows firsthand how to make notoriously challenging family law matters as smooth and painless as possible. Read More »
Barry M. Lasky
PREMIUM
Barry M. Lasky
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Free Consultation! Experienced Family Law Attorney! Protecting Your Interests!
I am an effective and dedicated family law attorney. I work tirelessly to help families receive the results they need and deserve! Visit my website for more information about your rights, call for a free consultation! Read More »
Daniel A. Singer
PREMIUM
Daniel A. Singer
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Free Phone Consultation! Determined & Dedicated Family Law Attorney! Call Now!
I am a result-driven family attorney. I strive to provide affordable solutions, hand-tailored to the unique needs of each client. I work for the best possible outcomes! Visit my website or call for a free consultation. Read More »
Joseph James Fonseca
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Joseph James Fonseca
Carmel, NY Family Law Attorney with 30 years of experience
(845) 225-9254 37 Fair Street
Carmel, NY 10512
Free ConsultationFamily, Business, Criminal and Divorce
Pace Law School
As a former police officer and NYS Investigator, I bring a wealth of practical experience in the areas of my practice. I have tremendous legal experience as a trial attorney, having tried numerous civil, family law and criminal cases.
Stephen Michael Santoro
CARMEL, NY Family Law Attorney with 34 years of experience
(845) 228-4550 105 GLENEIDA AVE
CARMEL, NY 10512
Family, Divorce, Estate Planning and Personal Injury
St. John's University School of Law and St. John's University School of Law
Kathleen Manning Valletta
CARMEL, NY Family Law Lawyer with 37 years of experience
(845) 228-5188 53 GLENEIDA AVE
CARMEL, NY 10512
Family, Business, Divorce and Real Estate
Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University and Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University
James F. Reitz JR
Carmel Hamlet, NY Family Law Lawyer with 30 years of experience
(845) 225-3641 40 Gleneida Ave
Carmel Hamlet, NY 10512
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Western Michigan University Cooley Law School and Western Michigan University Cooley Law School
Christopher Xavier Maher
Carmel Hamlet, NY Family Law Lawyer with 35 years of experience
(845) 228-5100 105 Gleneida Ave
Carmel Hamlet, NY 10512
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
UDC David A. Clarke School of Law and UDC David A. Clarke School of Law
Jennifer Steinmeyer Bumgarner
CARMEL, NY Family Law Lawyer with 23 years of experience
(914) 808-1150 48 GLENEIDA AVE
CARMEL, NY 10512
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Albany Law School
William G. Sayegh
Carmel Hamlet, NY Family Law Attorney with 30 years of experience
(914) 228-4200 65 Gleneida Ave
Carmel Hamlet, NY 10512
Family, Divorce and Personal Injury
Quinnipiac University School of Law
Anthony George Maccarini
CARMEL, NY Family Law Lawyer with 46 years of experience
(845) 225-1504 PO BOX 330
CARMEL, NY 10512
Family and Divorce
St. John's University School of Law and St. John's University School of Law
Adam Bruce Levy
Carmel Hamlet, NY Family Law Attorney with 28 years of experience
(914) 228-4550 105 Gleneida Ave
Carmel Hamlet, NY 10512
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University and Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University
Jonathan M Victor
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Jonathan M Victor
Mahopac, NY Family Law Attorney
(914) 263-9779 963 Route 6
Mahopac, NY 10541-1717
Family, Divorce, Elder and Estate Planning
Albany Law School
Jonathan M. Victor, Esq. set up the Law Office of Jonathan Victor PLLC in 2012 and expanded to Connecticut in 2014. He is your Mahopac lawyer and New Fairfield lawyer happy to help with divorce law, real estate law, estates, wills trusts and elder law, and more.
Valerie S. Wolfman
PREMIUM
Valerie S. Wolfman
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
New York Family Law Lawyer with 32 years of experience
For the past 30 years Valerie Wolfman Esq. has concentrated her law practice on Family, Matrimonial and Divorce Law, Child Custody, Divorce and Equitable Distribution (both simple and complex). Many of her cases have... Read More »
Patrick R. Garcia
PREMIUM
Patrick R. Garcia
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
New York Family Law Lawyer with 38 years of experience
Patrick R. Garcia is an experienced attorney in the Law Offices of Stephen Bilkis & Associates. His practice areas include Family Law, Divorce, Domestic Violence, Juvenile Law, Elder Law and Estate Planning. Mr.... Read More »
Christopher Jacques Vauthy
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Christopher Jacques Vauthy
Brewster, NY Family Law Lawyer with 23 years of experience
(914) 861-6781 1511 New York 22
Brewster, NY 10509
Free ConsultationFamily, Arbitration & Mediation, Divorce and Estate Planning
Georgetown University Law Center
Mediator and attorney with extensive experience in prenuptial, separation, divorce, custody, visitation, alimony, elder, business, estate and other family law and adult family issues. Serving mediation clients in Westchester, Putnam & Dutchess Counties in New York and Fairfield, New Haven & Litchfield Counties in Connecticut. Disputes are stressful, and it’s important to make sure you’re comfortable with whatever resolution process you choose. During our 30 minute free consultation, I can answer any questions you might have and let you get a sense of what it would be like to work together.
Kevin James Reeves
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingResponsive Law
Kevin James Reeves
HOPEWELL JUNCTION, NY Family Law Attorney with 29 years of experience
(845) 494-5188 2345 Route 52 Ste 2-O
HOPEWELL JUNCTION, NY 12533
Offers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily, Criminal, Divorce and Domestic Violence
Pace Law School
A successful, resourceful, and dedicated litigation attorney experienced in criminal, matrimonial, and family law with a proven record of success at trial. I am duly licensed and admitted to practice law in the courts of record in the Supreme Court of the United States, the Federal Court/ Southern District of New York, the State of New York, and the State of Connecticut.

I provide legal services to the residents of Dutchess, Putnam, Ulster and Westchester County.
Patricia L. Campanaro
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Patricia L. Campanaro
HOPEWELL JUNCTION, NY Family Law Lawyer with 36 years of experience
(845) 221-4099 PO BOX 123
ROUTE 376
HOPEWELL JUNCTION, NY 12533
Family, Divorce and Real Estate
Pace Law School
Shari Ruth Gordon
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingResponsive Law
Shari Ruth Gordon
Yorktown Heights, NY Family Law Lawyer with 35 years of experience
(914) 962-2722 40 Triangle Center
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily and Divorce
Albany Law School
Shari R. Gordon, Esq.
www.sharigordonlaw.com - Experienced Divorce and Family Attorney.
Since 1986, Shari R. Gordon has been practicing law. Her offices are located in Yorktown Heights and White Plains, New York. The law firm concentrates in matrimonial litigation and divorce mediation and criminal defense. Shari is also admitted to the Eastern and Southern District Courts as well as the United States Supreme Court. In addition to her divorce and family law practice, Shari has an extensive background in criminal defense as a former Senior Staff Trial Counsel with the Criminal Defense Division, Bronx County. She...
Dennis Vetrano
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Dennis Vetrano
Beacon, NY Family Law Attorney with 22 years of experience
(845) 605-4330 492 Main Street
Beacon, NY 12508
Offers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily, Criminal and Divorce
Albany Law School and Albany Law School
Dennis R. Vetrano, Jr., a divorce and criminal defense lawyer in Duchess County, is the founder of the Law Office of Dennis R. Vetrano, Jr., LLC. At the firm, Attorney Vetrano offers those with family law concerns thorough and understanding legal representation. With 17 years of legal experience, he carries an ability to make a competent judgment of whether a client’s case should be negotiated or tried in the court of law. As a skilled negotiator and courtroom litigator, he can advocate for client interests’ in both contexts. Attorney Vetrano knows every divorce is unique, and his firm works...
Andrew Jason Proto
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Andrew Jason Proto
Peekskill, NY Family Law Attorney with 21 years of experience
(914) 946-4808 987 Main Street
Peekskill, NY 10566
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Western New England University School of Law
As a former Assistant District Attorney in Westchester County, Andrew gained valuable experience while handling countless felony and misdemeanor cases. While an Assistant District Attorney he prosecuted a variety of criminal cases including murder, drug sale & possession, assault, DWI, theft and many others. Also, while a prosecutor he coordinated various investigations with state and local law enforcement, developing relationships he still maintains today. Now as a criminal defense attorney Andrew has defended all types of criminal investigations and offenses including complex white collar crimes, million dollar thefts, grand and petit larcenies, assault, drug offenses, sex offenses, DWI/DUI,...
Frank Catalina
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Frank Catalina
Peekskill, NY Family Law Lawyer with 39 years of experience
(914) 736-0087 1013 Brown St
Peekskill, NY 10566
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
University of Bridgeport
The Catalina Law Firm is a small, full-service firm dedicated to providing attentive service and tailored legal solutions to advance your interests. We strive to create lasting client relationships by comprehensively meeting all of your legal needs. Our experienced Westchester County divorce lawyers can guide you through family law proceedings, and we can also help you fight charges like DUI and drug crimes. The Catalina Law Firm can help buyers and sellers navigate real estate transactions, and we know how to assist businesses in protecting their interests during commercial litigation. From our office in Poughkeepsie, we serve clients throughout Westchester,...
Stephen John Riebling
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingQ&ASocial MediaResponsive Law
Stephen John Riebling
Mount Kisco, NY Family Law Lawyer
(914) 712-6878 118 North Bedford Road
Suite 100
Mount Kisco, NY 10549
Free ConsultationOffers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Pace Law School
For nearly 25 years, Stephen Riebling has diligently served to protect the rights and interests of his countless clients throughout the Federal, State and Local Courts of New York and Connecticut. In particular, Stephen is well-known and recognized for his effective legal strategies and representation of clients as a Westchester criminal defense lawyer and family law attorney.

His accomplishments in criminal law and family law have been recognized by Stephen's inclusion in and selection to a number of lists for the top attorneys in Westchester County, New York, including:

-Super Lawyers Magazine and SuperLawyers.com
-The New York Times (Top Attorney in the New...
Kevin Mackay
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Kevin Mackay
Poughkeepsie, NY Family Law Attorney with 28 years of experience
(845) 462-0001 12 Walker Rd
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Free ConsultationFamily, Criminal, Divorce and Personal Injury
Albany Law School
Mr. MacKay graduated from Albany Law School and was admitted to the New York State and Connecticut Bars in 1993. He began his career as Prosecutor for the Dutchess County District Attorney. Kevin is an experienced litigation attorney having handled hundreds of Jury and Bench Trials and concentrates in the areas of Matrimonial, Family Law, Criminal Defense and Civil Litigation.
Howard Alan Kave
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Howard Alan Kave
New Windsor, NY Family Law Attorney with 48 years of experience
(845) 562-1234 815 Blooming Grove Turnpike
New Windsor, NY 12553
Family, Business, Criminal and Divorce
Brooklyn Law School and Brooklyn Law School
Howard first stood before a judge, in the Criminal Court of the City of New York at 100 Centre Street, in September of 1972. He has been representing persons accused of crime every working day since then, a period of nearly 46 years.

Howard learned his craft, as a courtroom lawyer, as a Senior Trial Attorney with the Legal Aid Society of the City of New York in Kings County. By the age of 26 he was regularly trying felony cases in the Supreme Court and winning most of them. After five years in that position, he was appointed a...
Ingrid Gherman
PREMIUM
Ingrid Gherman
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
10.0Justia Lawyer Rating for Ingrid Gherman
More than 35 years of experience in all areas of matrimonial law.
Family law attorney who gets results for clients in the New York City area with divorce, division of marital assets, child custody & visitation, child support, spousal maintenance & support, marital & prenup agreements. Read More »
Scott Steinberg
PREMIUM
Scott Steinberg
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Free Consultation! Experienced Representation for Family Law Matters! Call Now!
I vigorously advocate for those with family law matters. I provide attentive and skilled legal advocacy. I will work hard for the results you deserve! Visit my website for more information. Call for a free consultation! Read More »
Sharon Faulkner
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video Conferencing
Sharon Faulkner
Poughkeepsie, NY Family Law Lawyer with 29 years of experience
(845) 486-4300 301 Manchester Road, Suite 201
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Offers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily and Divorce
Western New England University School of Law
Raised in Dutchess County, Sharon Faulkner returned to New York in 2001 after practicing law in Hawaii for nine years. Ms. Faulkner’s background includes family law, estate planning, consumer rights, and all facets of poverty law; she now concentrates her focus on Matrimonial and Family Law and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers. Ms. Faulkner has been appointed as Attorney for the Child to represent the interest of minor children involved in custody and visitation disputes by Dutchess County Supreme Court and Family Court Justices. She was the receipient of the Dutchess County Family...
Andrea Catalina
Claimed Lawyer ProfileLII GoldSocial Media
Andrea Catalina
Peekskill, NY Family Law Lawyer with 9 years of experience
(914) 736-0645 1013 Brown St
Peekskill, NY 10566
Free ConsultationFamily, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Pace Law School
Alicia Gaudio
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Alicia Gaudio
Bedford Hills, NY Family Law Attorney with 21 years of experience
(914) 514-8100 483 Cherry Street
Bedford Hills, NY 10507
Family and Divorce
Alicia Gaudio, Esq. is a graduate of the Quinnipiac University School of Law (J.D. 1997) and was admitted to practice in the states of Connecticut in 1997 and New York in 2000. While receiving her degree, she served as an intern with the university’s Tax Law Clinic, representing taxpayers, pro bono, in matters against the Internal Revenue Service. Ms. Gaudio received an award for oral advocacy after litigating before the U.S. Tax Court, as well as awards for Outstanding Legal Scholarship in Writing and Excellence in Clinical Work. She also interned with the Westchester County District Attorney’s Office.

In 2003, Ms....
Daniel Robert Tota
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Daniel Robert Tota
Yorktown Heights, NY Family Law Lawyer with 17 years of experience
(914) 245-6060 2000 Maple Hill Street
Suite 206
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598
Family, Business, Divorce and Personal Injury
Brooklyn Law School
Daniel R. Tota is a partner at the Yorktown Heights legal office, Durante, Bock & Tota, PLLC. He primarily devotes his practice to real estate and business transactions, but he also handles criminal defense cases, estate planning and civil litigation matters. Mr. Tota is admitted to the New York State Bar and the Connecticut State Bar, and is a member of the Westchester County Bar Association, the Yorktown Bar Association, and the Yorktown Chamber of Commerce. To find out more about the representation offered by Attorney Tota, do not hesitate to give the firm a call today.
Joseph F Buono
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Joseph F Buono
Fishkill, NY Family Law Attorney
(845) 765-1050 804 Route 9, Ste. 4
Fishkill, NY 12524
Free ConsultationFamily, Criminal, DWI and Real Estate
The George Washington University Law School
Gene L Grobstein
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Gene L Grobstein
Newburgh, NY Family Law Lawyer with 38 years of experience
(845) 562-2990 10 Little Britain Rd
Newburgh, NY 12550
Family, Bankruptcy and Divorce
Pace Law School
Alfred F.M. de Prado
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Alfred F.M. de Prado
Yorktown, NY Family Law Lawyer
(914) 962-4100 2014 Crompond Rd
Suite 4
Yorktown, NY 06370
Family, Criminal and Divorce
New York University School of Law
Call us at (914)962-4100 See our website at http://adeprado.com Alfred de Prado has earned a long-standing reputation of resolving complicated legal issues and serving his clients with outstanding legal representation. With over 30 years of successful experience in practice areas, he has served the people of Westchester County faithfully for many years. He is experienced in representing a broad spectrum of clients ranging from Fortune 100 corporations to the needs of individuals. Wills Trusts & Estates Criminal Defense Family Law Matrimony & Divorce Litigation & Mediation Corporations Contracts Real Estate Settlements Personal Injury
Brenda Okasi
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Brenda Okasi
Newburgh, NY Family Law Attorney with 20 years of experience
(845) 391-8776 17 N. Plank Road, Suite 4
Newburgh, NY 12550
Family, Divorce, Immigration and Personal Injury
C U N Y School Of Law Flushin
Okasi & Okasi PC is a law firm serving New York City and Hudson Valley areas of New York with personal and business legal services. We offer extensive support in the areas of Immigration Services, Personal Injuries, Bankruptcy, Real Estate and Family Law. We are proud of the attorneys we have assembled with extensive experience to respond to every aspect of your legal needs. We are here to help! Call us today. 718-822-6800.
Eric Stephen Shiller
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Eric Stephen Shiller
Newburgh, NY Family Law Attorney with 20 years of experience
(845) 569-1529 289 Broadway, Suite 2
Newburgh, NY 12550
Family, Criminal, Divorce and Estate Planning
Eric S. Shiller, Esq. has successfully represented over 18,000 clients to date. He has significant experience litigating matters in the New York State Courts. Mr. Shiller is licensed to practice law in the State of New York and the State of Connecticut. Mr. Shiller graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Madison with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in 1995, and from Hofstra University School of Law with a Juris Doctor Degree in 2000. At Hofstra, Mr. Shiller was a Criminal Courts Bar Association of Nassau County Leon Stern Award Finalist. He was also selected to participate in the National Institute for...
John Grimes
Claimed Lawyer Profile
John Grimes
Chappaqua, NY Family Law Lawyer with 47 years of experience
(914) 238-1377 45 South Greeley Avenue
Chappaqua, NY 10514
Family, Appeals and Divorce
Harvard University
Elizabeth Crotty Esq.
PREMIUM
Elizabeth Crotty Esq.
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Experienced and Aggressive New York Family Law Attorney! Call now!
I am a zealous and aggressive family law attorney. I will work to achieve the best possible outcome for your case! Visit my website for reviews and case results, or call now for a consultation. Read More »
Jeremy Saland Esq.
PREMIUM
Jeremy Saland Esq.
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Diligent Family Attorney! Fighting for Your Rights! Call today!
I am a family lawyer with experience, knowledge and skill. I will work aggressively to protect your interests and rights! Visit my website to see testimonials and case results, or call for a consultation. Read More »
Kristen Prata Browde
Claimed Lawyer ProfileOffers Video ConferencingSocial Media
Kristen Prata Browde
Chappaqua, NY Family Law Attorney with 20 years of experience
(914) 861-9119 604 Quaker Road
Chappaqua, NY 10514
Offers Video ConferencingVideo ConfFamily, Divorce, Domestic Violence and Trademarks
Fordham University School of Law
David Robert Sachs
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawg Search
David Robert Sachs
New Windsor, NY Family Law Lawyer with 21 years of experience
(914) 840-5104 215 Quassaick Ave, Suite 202
New Windsor, NY 12553
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center
Maura Ann Barrett
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Maura Ann Barrett
Poughkeepsie, NY Family Law Attorney with 26 years of experience
(845) 486-4300 301 Manchsester Road, Suite 201
Poughkeepsie, NY 12603
Family and Divorce
University College Cork Ireland
Susan Caplin
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Susan Caplin
Mt Kisco, NY Family Law Lawyer with 28 years of experience
(914) 244-3300 344 E Main St
Mt Kisco, NY 10549
Family, Divorce, Probate and Real Estate
Pace Law School
Daniel M. Martuscello
MARLBORO, NY Family Law Lawyer with 44 years of experience
(914) 236-4411 1390 ROUTE 9W
PO BOX 727
MARLBORO, NY 12542
Family, Divorce and Real Estate
Brooklyn Law School and Brooklyn Law School
Denise Seidelman
Yorktown Heights, NY Family Law Lawyer with 41 years of experience
(914) 962-3001 1145 Baldwin Rd
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598
Family and Divorce
American University Washington College of Law and American University Washington College of Law
Stella C. Terhune
Yorktown Heights, NY Family Law Lawyer with 33 years of experience
(914) 962-3152 1992 Commerce St
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598
Family and Divorce
St. John's University School of Law and St. John's University School of Law
David Bernz
Newburgh, NY Family Law Lawyer with 29 years of experience
(914) 569-8010 10 Little Britain Rd
Newburgh, NY 12550
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
City University of New York School of Law and City University of New York School of Law
William J. Larkin III
Newburgh, NY Family Law Attorney with 40 years of experience
(845) 566-5345 356 Meadow Ave
Newburgh, NY 12550
Family, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Albany Law School and Albany Law School
Jay C. Sherman
Peekskill, NY Family Law Lawyer with 44 years of experience
(914) 930-1112 1015 Park St FL 2
Peekskill, NY 10566
Family, Criminal, Divorce and Estate Planning
New York Law School, New York Law School and Loyola Law School, Los Angeles
Andrea Catalina
PREMIUM
Andrea Catalina
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
Free Consultation! Attentive Service and Exceptional Legal Representation!
I am dedicated to diligently and attentively advocating for those with family law matters. I will fight for your family’s rights and interests! Visit my website for more information and call for a free consultation. Read More »
Barry Carl Weiss
PREMIUM
Barry Carl Weiss
Family Lawyer Serving Carmel, NY
10.0Justia Lawyer Rating for Barry Carl Weiss
New York Family Law Attorney with 43 years of experience
I am an experienced New York Attorney. I provide dedicated and skilled representation for an array of legal matters. My practice areas include Criminal Law, Real Estate, DUI & DWI, White Collar Crime, Domestic... Read More »
Toggle tool

There are no recently viewed profiles.

There are no saved profiles.

There are no profiles to compare.