Ringwood, Illinois Lawyers

Matthew C. Friedman
Free Consultation
Schaumburg, IL Lawyer
24 years experience
Nicole Sommerfeld
(847) 236-9196Free Consultation
Highland Park, IL Lawyer
Olga S. Dmytriyeva
(312) 870-5430Free Consultation
Chicago, IL Attorney
10 years experience
Mr. Albert J. Salvi
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Richmond, IL Lawyer. 31 years experience
7408 E. Tryon Grove Road
Richmond, IL 60071
Medical Malpractice, Personal Injury and Workers' Comp
University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign
Salvi is recognized as a one of the top 10 lawyers in America by the American Institute of Legal Counsel, and a top 100 lawyer by the American Society of Legal Advocates in 2016. Additionally, the Trial Lawyers Board of Regents presented Salvi with the Litigator Award. Further, he has also earned a spot among the "Top One Percent" of attorneys from the National Association of Distinguished Counsel from 2015-2016 and AVVO named Salvi a "Top Rated Personal Injury Attorney" based on exceptional client reviews and peer recommendations Al Salvi has lived in Lake County his whole life. He was...
(847) 662-3303 325 Washington St. Suite 302
Waukegan, IL 60085
1755 S. Naperville Road
Wheaton, IL 60187
53 W. Jackson Blvd.
Suite 1401
Chicago, IL 60604
Ray Flavin
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Woodstock, IL Lawyer. 24 years experience
(815) 334-9004 666 Russel Ct
Suite 106
Woodstock, IL 60098
DUI and Domestic Violence
Southern Illinois University - Carbondale
Master's of Business Administration Law Degree Southern Illinois University 20+ years Criminal Defense Attorney
Scott W. Brammer
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
McHenry, IL Attorney. 24 years experience
(815) 344-4040 5447 Bull Valley Rd
McHenry, IL 60050
Free ConsultationBankruptcy, Divorce, Family and Real Estate
University of South Dakota School of Law
Scott W. Brammer grew up in Crystal Lake, Illinois. He attended Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Illinois, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science. After graduating from the University of South Dakota School of Law in 1992, where he earned his Juris Doctor degree, Mr. Brammer was admitted to practice law in the State of Illinois. That same year, he was also admitted to practice in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Scott has spent over 18 years as an attorney in McHenry concentrating on family law, residential real...
Kevin Phillip Justen
Claimed Lawyer Profile
McHenry , IL Attorney. 18 years experience
(815) 759-1500 413 N Front Street
McHenry , IL 60050
Medical Malpractice and Personal Injury
Richard Kelly
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Hebron, IL Attorney. 25 years experience
(815) 404-8522 P.O. Box 428
10008 Main St
Hebron, IL 60034
Bankruptcy, Criminal, DUI and Divorce
DePaul College of Law
Guy  Youman
Claimed Lawyer Profile
McHenry, IL Attorney.
(815) 385-7444 4306F W. Crystal Lake Rd.
McHenry, IL 60050
Civil Rights, Estate Planning, Probate and Real Estate
Northern Illinois University
Jeffrey J Keck
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Woodstock, IL Lawyer.
(815) 337-6700 301 East Calhoun Street
Suite 4
Woodstock, IL 60098-4290
Business
Evan E Randall
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Woodstock, IL Attorney.
(815) 634-1011 1050 Country Club Road
Woodstock, IL 60098
Timothy Schelwat
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gurnee, IL Lawyer.
(847) 625-5500 501 North Riverside Drive
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationProducts Liability
Drake University Law School
Attorney Timothy Schelwat is an experienced personal injury lawyer for Hupy & Abraham S.C. during his time with them he has received over $50 million for clients. Timothy is an avid motorcyclist and lectures on the motorcycle safety and insurance throughout the Midwest.
(414) 223-4800 111 East Kilbourn Avenue
Suite 1100
Milwaukee, WI 53202
(815) 962-2800 6072 Brynwood Drive
Suite 104
Rockford, IL 61114
Michael Hupy
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gurnee, IL Lawyer.
(847) 625-5500 501 North Riverside Drive
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationNursing Home and Personal Injury
Marquette University of Law
For 39 years Michael J. Hupy has been an accomplished lawyer. Since graduating from Marquette University Law School,he has tried and won many million dollar law suits. Attorney Michael J. Hupy believes in giving back to the community. Here are some of the causes he has supported over his career America's Second Harvest of Wisconsin, the YMCA, the Boy Scouts, scholarship programs, safety programs for bikers including the Hupy & Abraham Watch For Motorcycles Awareness Program, child safety fingerprint programs. Due to his dedication to the community in December 2008 Wisconsin governor Jim Doyle presented him with a "Certificate of...
(414) 223-4800 111 East Kilbourn Avenue
Suite 1100
Milwaukee, WI 53202
(608) 277-7777 49 Kessel Court
Madison, WI 53711
Mike Drabant
(708) 482-7090Free Consultation
LaGrange, IL Lawyer
8 years experience
Chad Kreblin
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gurnee, IL Lawyer. 16 years experience
(847) 625-5500 501 North Riverside Drive
Gurnee, IL 60031
Personal Injury
The University of Denver Sturm College of Law
Attorney Chad Kreblin has shown his skills as an experienced personal injury lawyer with helping victims get over $75 million. Super Lawyers classified Chad as a Rising Star for four years, which makes him in the top 2.5% of lawyers in Wisconsin, under the age of 40. He has lectured on various legal and insurance coverage issues in Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Minnesota. Attorney Chard Kreblin is dedicated to the community especially for the awareness of child identification. In 2001, he started the Hupy and Abraham, S.C. Child Identification Program to assist police in missing children cases. He has...
(414) 223-4800 111 East Kilbourn Avenue
Suite 1100
Milwaukee, WI 53202
(888) 277-4879 49 Kessel Court
Madison, WI 53711
Christopher S. Haaff
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Crystal Lake, IL Attorney. 19 years experience
(815) 355-8194 210 N Walkup Avenue
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Divorce and Family
CHRIS S. HAAFF owns and operates his own law firm in Crystal Lake, McHenry County, Illinois. He is an experienced litigator and negotiator in all aspects of family law, including divorce, adoption, paternity, child-related issues, child and spousal support, surrogacy, and qualified domestic relations orders. Chris has been a featured writer and speaker throughout Illinois on family law and other issues. In nearly twenty years of practice, Chris has represented hundreds of satisfied clients, many of whom have referred others to him.
Vito Manicioto
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gurnee, IL Attorney.
(866) 625-2299 6475 Washington Street
Suite 105
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury
The John Marshall Law School
Attorney Manicioto's has dealt with both insurance matters and personal injury law. Before becoming a lawyer at Hupy & Abraham, he tried dozens of jury trials to verdict and won. He has also arbitrated a large number of cases. He works tirelessly to seek compensation for the firm's clients.
(309) 862-4800 205 N. Main Street
Bloomington, IL 61701
(815) 962-2800 6072 Brynwood Drive
Suite 104
Rockford, IL 61114
Todd Andrew Benison
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Crystal Lake, IL Lawyer.
(847) 899-8788 65 South Virginia Street
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Free ConsultationCriminal, Divorce, Family and Foreclosure Defense
The John Marshall Law School
Mr. Benison earned his Juris Doctorate degree from the John Marshall Law School in Chicago. While attending Law School, Mr. Benison achieved the JMLS best oralist award for his participation in the 2L Herzog Moot Court Competition. He was selected for a student externship with the Kane County State’s Attorney’s Office during his final year of law school. Prior to entering Law School, Mr. Benison was in private practice as an accountant, working with local business in Northern Illinois. In his free time, Mr. Benison enjoys spending time with his wife, Erika, and their three children.
Van A Schwab
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Libertyville, IL Lawyer. 38 years experience
(847) 737-4953 1641 N. Milwaukee Avenue
Suite 12
Libertyville, IL 60048
Divorce, Estate Planning, Family and Probate
Along with his years of experience, Lake County divorce attorney Van A. Schwab has a solid educational basis for his divorce and family law practice. After receiving his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan, he received his law degree from Southern Illinois University School of Law. Because of recent, up-to-date training, Mr. Schwab is a certified divorce mediator, and is prepared to handle family law issues through collaborative law methods. He has published an article on cohabitation in the Chicago Daily Law Bulletin. Licensed to practice family law in the states of Florida, Illinois, and New Jersey, he...
(312) 372-4569 134 N. LaSalle Street
Suite 1820
Chicago, IL 60602
(847) 208-4569 10024 Skokie Blvd
Suite 245
Skokie, IL 60077
John P. Dickson
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Crystal Lake, IL Lawyer. 6 years experience
(815) 317-5193 4 E. Terra Cotta Ave.
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Business, Collections, Divorce and Landlord Tenant
University of Chicago
Dickson Law Group is a full service law firm serving individuals and small businesses in McHenry, Kane, Lake, DuPage, and Cook counties.
Robert H. Hanaford
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Fox River Grove, IL Attorney. 35 years experience
(847) 516-5297 100 S Northwest Hwy
Fox River Grove, IL 60021
Free ConsultationCriminal, Medical Malpractice, Nursing Home and Personal Injury
Drake University Law School
Rodney Piercey
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Barrington, IL Lawyer. 44 years experience
(224) 848-4646 1000 Hart Rd
Suite 300
Barrington, IL 60010
Free ConsultationEstate Planning
-Successfully completed over 2,200 estate plans ranging in size to $210 million. -Assisted in redirecting more than $150 million away from estate taxes and to charities and heirs. -Eliminated estate taxes in more than 450 estate plans which were otherwise taxable. -Conducted more than 50 briefings, seminars and workshops on estate and tax elimination planning. -Co-author of "Combining Life Insurance and Annuity Policies to Create a Financial Engine for a Nongrantor CLAT," Journal of Practical Estate Planning, CCH Incorporated, August-September, 2004. -Author of "Tax Elimination Planning", "The Ten Most Common Mistakes in Estate Planning", "How a Charitable Trust Can Save You Taxes",...
(847) 490-8450 2300 Barrington Rd
Suite 400
Barrington, IL 60010
Michelle Wiejaczka
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Wauconda, IL Attorney.
(847) 526-4909 25995 North Rand Rd
Wauconda, IL 60084
Divorce and Family
Washington University School of Law
An experienced trial attorney, Michelle G. Wiejaczka excels in helping individuals and families who need assistance with legal issues and representation. Recognized for her work in dispute resolution, collaborative law and cooperative problem solving, she is often appointed by the Court to serve as a mediator. Michelle is trained in Collaborative Law and periodically presides over cases that are assigned to mandatory arbitration. A former Assistant State’s Attorney (McHenry County) for almost nine years, she entered private practice in 1994, and founded Wiejaczka Law in 2005. Michelle graduated with High Honors from Southern Illinois University and...
(847) 526-4909 10 Rand Road
Hawthorn Woods, IL 60047
Jason Marks
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gurnee, IL Attorney. 15 years experience
(847) 423-8323 495 N. Riverside Drive
Suite 210
Gurnee, IL 60031
Personal Injury and Workers' Comp
DePaul College of Law
Jason S. Marks was born in Highland Park, Illinois and raised in Lake County. He majored in Finance from University of Iowa. In May of 1998, Jason received a bachelor's degree in Business Administration (B.B.A) from the University of Iowa. His degree was awarded with Honors and High Distinction placing him in the top 5%of the graduating class. After receiving his undergraduate degree, Jason attended the DePaul University College of Law in Chicago. He was awarded a Juris Doctor (J.D) degree with Honors from DePaul in May of 2001. Jason went into private practice following law school. In...
Andrew B. Gordon
(847) 580-1279Free Consultation
Northfield, IL Lawyer
Nick Kulagin
(630) 480-6399Free Consultation
Wheaton, IL Attorney
Denis  Gravel
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Gurnee, IL Attorney. 20 years experience
(847) 855-8447 1790 Nations Drive Suite 121
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationDivorce and Family
Northern Illinois University
"There are no problems, only solutions." Since I started Denis M. Gravel & Associates P.C. we have operated with only one goal in mind: To provide the highest quality legal services at an affordable price. We limit our practice to the area of Family Law (Divorce, Child Custody, Child Support) in Lake County IL. as the substantive and procedural law is ever changing. We are skilled, knowledgable, aggressive, compasionate, dedicated attorneys.
Lorraine M. Greenberg
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Gurnee, IL Attorney. 36 years experience
(800) 519-0090 1800 Nations Drive
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationBankruptcy and Tax
The John Marshall Law School
Providing quality and affordable legal services to consumers and small businesses for over 33 years Our practice concentrates in bankruptcy and tax problem resolution
(800) 519-0090 18027 Harwood Avenue
Homewood, IL 60430
(800) 519-0090 10912 South Western Avenue
Suite 6
Chicago, IL 60643
(800) 519-0090 2135 City Gate Lane
Suite 300
Naperville, IL 60563-3066
(800) 519-0090 3701 Algonquin Road
Suite 712
Rolling Meadows, IL 60008
(312) 588-3330 150 N. Michigan Avenue
Suite 800
Chicago, IL 60601
David Brian Franks
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Lake in the Hills, IL Attorney. 27 years experience
(847) 854-7700 1301 Pyott Road
Suite 200
Lake in the Hills, IL 60156
Free ConsultationCriminal and DUI
Beijing University & Fudan University
David B. Franks is a highly effective Criminal Attorney, Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Lawyer and Traffic Defense Attorney who has practiced criminal law since being admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1989. Mr. Franks has more than fifteen years of criminal prosecution and defense experience. Mr. Franks served as an Assistant State’s Attorney in both Cook County and McHenry County, Illinois. In McHenry County he served four years as a prosecutor in the Misdemeanor and Felony Divisions. He served as one of the first two designated Domestic Battery Prosecutors in McHenry County, as well as the Misdemeanor and Traffic...
Michael Brennan
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
GRAYSLAKE, IL Lawyer. 6 years experience
(414) 989-8295 17495 W BLUFF DRIVE
GRAYSLAKE, IL 60030
Business and Estate Planning
University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law
Michael is a licensed attorney in Wisconsin, Illinois and Minnesota who founded the Virtual Attorney to bring estate planning and business law into the 21st century. Through the use of technology and the internet he offers estate planning to young families, co-habitating couples, homosexual couples, and everyone in between. The Virtual Attorney is also the one-stop shop for small businesses and entrepreneurs. Starting out is tough and you don't have money to throw away on an in-house lawyer. With the Virtual Attorney's flat-fee based Essential In-House Counsel arrangements you'll get exactly what you need and you won't pay unexpected hourly...
Felix Kutsin
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Round Lake, IL Lawyer. 19 years experience
(847) 502-2296 571 S. Huntington Drive
Round Lake, IL 60073
Free ConsultationBusiness, Estate Planning and Real Estate
Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Felix Kutsin is a Lake County, Illinois lawyer dedicated to providing you with exceptional legal services. With over a decade of experience and a commitment to staying informed of the latest developments, attorney Felix Kutsin strives to achieve an unmatched level of personal commitment to your legal issues. If you are looking for a business lawyer in Round Lake, Grayslake, Gurnee or the surrounding suburbs that can guide you through incorporating your business, drafting contracts or designing a succession plan for your business, attorney Felix Kutsin has both the attention to detail and expertise to take care of it.
Deborah A. Long
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Gurnee, IL Attorney. 2 years experience
(847) 855-8447 1790 Nations Drive
Suite 121
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationDivorce, Estate Planning, Family and Probate
Marquette University Law School
Daniel J Winter
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Gurnee, IL Lawyer.
(847) 244-8180 1800 Nations Drive
Suite 117
Gurnee, IL 60031
Free ConsultationBankruptcy, Foreclosure Defense and Real Estate
Washington University School of Law
Law Offices of Daniel J Winter provides personal, high quality representation. Bankruptcy advice and representation for individuals and businesses. We will help you protect your home, car or paycheck. Every case is treated personally. We have offices in Chicago Loop, Oak Lawn, Skokie, and Waukegan. We also represent people in southern Wisconsin in conjunction with Michael S. Winter in Milwaukee. With over 18 years of experience, we will give you "peace of mind".
(312) 789-9999 53 W Jackson Blvd
Suite 718
Chicago, IL 60604
9933 Lawler #402
Skokie, IL 60076
10735 S. Cicero Ave
Suite 204
Oak Lawn, IL 60453
Rhonda Rosenthal
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Crystal Lake, IL Attorney. 21 years experience
(815) 444-9791 407 E. Congress Parkway
Suite B
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Free ConsultationDivorce, Elder, Family and Probate
Northern Illinois University
have been a licensed attorney and practicing attorney since 1995. Although I have practiced in Kane, DuPage and Cook counties, I currently limit my practice to McHenry County. I focus on issues affecting families and represent spouses, parents, children and disabled adults in divorce, post decree, paternity, adoption, juvenile, probate and guardianship matters. I am a trained Guardian ad Litem and Child’s Representative and appointed by the court in divorce or probate matters. I am also a trained Collaborative Attorney and mediator. Although I no longer accept court appointments for mediation, I use these skills in my roles as negotiator,...
Gerald Thomas Dietz
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Round Lake Beach, IL Lawyer. 17 years experience
(224) 338-8345 625 W Rollins Rd
Round Lake Beach, IL 60073
Free ConsultationCriminal, DUI, Juvenile and Municipal
Gerald Dietz received his undergraduate degree from the University of Illinois in 1996, and his Juris Doctor from John Marshall Law School in 1999. He was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1999 and to the Wisconsin Bar in 2000. Mr. Dietz concentrates his practice on municipal law, townships, municipal prosecution, special districts, library and fire districts. He is also a member of the Chicago Bar Association; Illinois State Bar Association; Lake County Bar Association; and the Wisconsin Bar Association. Mr. Dietz is a Lieutenant with the Greater Round Lake Fire Protection District and has served as a...
Brian M. Radke
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Libertyville, IL Lawyer. 7 years experience
1641 N. Milwaukee Ave, Suite 12
Libertyville, IL 60048
Free ConsultationDivorce, Family, Personal Injury and Real Estate
The John Marshall Law School
David J. Winthers
(630) 668-6700Free Consultation
Winfield, IL Attorney
37 years experience
Kevin J. Kuhn
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Wauconda, IL Attorney. 25 years experience
(847) 416-2005 227 N. Main St.
Wauconda, IL 60084
Appeals, Business, Employment and Personal Injury
Kevin J. Kuhn is a Chicago-area attorney with offices in Cook and Lake County. Mr. Kuhn has successfully represented clients in a wide variety of cases including, but not limited to, business disputes, insurance coverage, personal injury, employment law and construction defects. Mr. Kuhn has also successfully handled numerous appeals on behalf of his clients in state and federal courts.
(847) 416-2002 70 W. Madison St.
Suite 1400
Chicago, IL 60602
James Michael Kelly
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Crystal Lake, IL Lawyer. 22 years experience
(815) 459-3120 01 North Virginia Street, Suite 150
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Free ConsultationBankruptcy, Divorce and Family
University of Missouri - Kansas City
James Kelly has practiced in the areas of divorce and bankruptcy for 21 years. The Law offices of James M. Kelly handles and enjoys complex cases and trial work. Divorce work, especially trial work, requires a certain competency that not all attorney's have. Regardless of your particular fact pattern you can be sure that that the Law Offices of James M. Kelly will handle your matter in an expeditious and professional manner. In matters involving bankruptcy and debt restructuring, the Law Offices of James M. Kelly takes all matters seriously and has an...
Kevin W. Bruning
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Crystal Lake, IL Attorney. 29 years experience
(815) 455-3000 333 Commerce Drive, Suite 900
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Business, Divorce, Estate Planning and Family
DePaul College of Law
Kevin Bruning is a lawyer with more than twenty years of experience in the litigation field. Bruning & Associates, P.C. is a full service law firm devoted to providing high quality, cost efficient and effective legal representation to its clients. The firm was established in January 2000 and has experienced steady and measured growth since its inception. The diverse professional backgrounds of each attorney at Bruning & Associates provide a substantial compliment of expertise and specialization that permits the firm to provide comprehensive legal services to its clients.
Thomas C. O'Brien
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Antioch, IL Attorney. 51 years experience
(847) 838-1100 950 Main Street
Antioch, IL 60002
Bankruptcy, Divorce, Family and Foreclosure Defense
Washington University School of Law
We are experienced attorneys in bankruptcy and family law. Located just south of the Wisconsin-Illinois state line, I practice daily in both states. In this area, knowledge of the significant differences in the two states' laws is critical to effective and competent representation.
Robert Medansky
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Crystal Lake, IL Lawyer. 31 years experience
(815) 893-4818 7115 Virginia Road
Suite 102
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Free ConsultationDivorce, Estate Planning, Family and Probate
Robert Medansky is an experienced Divorce and Family Law Attorney providing clients and their families throughout Cook, Lake, DuPage, Kane, and McHenry Counties in Illinois with quality guidance and legal representation. He is a skilled negotiator and accomplished trial attorney who is widely recognized and respected for his integrity and vigorous advocacy to protect his client’s rights and interests. Since 1986, Mr. Medansky has successfully represented numerous clients in complex financial and high-conflict divorce matters. He approaches every family law matter with compassion, integrity, and a focus on personal service. As a skilled negotiator, he takes a strategic...
Jerald  Novak
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Grayslake, IL Attorney.
(847) 223-2285 352 Center St
Grayslake, IL 60030
Free ConsultationCriminal, DUI and Traffic Tickets
Jenette M. Schwemler
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Lake in the Hills, IL Attorney. 19 years experience
(815) 245-4665 1301 Pyott Road, Suite 201G
Lake in the Hills, IL 60156
Divorce, Elder, Estate Planning and Family
The John Marshall Law School
For almost 20 years, I have represented clients in contested divorce and custody matters in McHenry County. I am also a court appointed guardian ad litem and mediator in family law cases. I also provide representation for clients needing estate planning and Medicaid planning.
Richard Van Den Bussche
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Crystal Lake, IL Attorney. 36 years experience
(815) 356-5531 455 Coventry Ln, Suite 107
Crystal Lake, IL 60014
Free ConsultationBankruptcy, Criminal, Landlord Tenant and Probate
The John Marshall Law School
Patricia L Deemer
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Lake Zurich, IL Attorney. 23 years experience
(847) 847-7463 795 Ela Road
Suite 100
Lake Zurich, IL 60047
Estate Planning
DePaul College of Law
Shell J. Bleiweiss
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Barrington, IL Lawyer. 34 years experience
25840 Indian Trail Rd.
Barrington, IL 60010
Environmental
Jonathan B. Fleisher
(312) 346-8620Free Consultation
Chicago, IL Lawyer
21 years experience
George S. Bellas
(800) 825-9260
Park Ridge, IL Lawyer
43 years experience