Saint Paul, Minnesota Personal Injury Lawyers

Steven Goff
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Woodbury, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 39 years experience
(800) 607-3030 1976 Wooddale Drive, Suite #2C
Woodbury, MN 55125
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Products Liability
University of Minnesota Law School
Steve graduated from Iowa State University, with honors and as a member of the scholastic fraternities of Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi. He received his law degree from the University of Minnesota in 1979, and has been a member of the bar in both Wisconsin and Minnesota since 1979. He is also admitted to practice in the federal courts of both states and in the Supreme Court of the United States. Steven is Board Certified by the National Board of Trial Advocacy as a Civil Trial Specialist. He has concentrated his practice on commercial and business litigation,...
(800) 607-3030 258 Riverside Drive
River Falls, WI 54022
Gerald Bosch
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 25 years experience
(612) 333-8300 3900 Northwoods Drive
Suite 120
St Paul, MN 55112
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Workers' Comp
William Mitchell College of Law
Gerald Bosch has been representing injured workers in Minnesota for over two decades. He has been selected six times for the Minnesota Super Lawyers award.
Patricia J. Hartmann
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 36 years experience
(651) 223-9000 101 East 5th Street, Suite 1500
St. Paul, MN 55101
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Legal Malpractice and Medical Malpractice
William Mitchell College of Law
We have more than 25 years of experience representing people who have been injured due to legal malpractice, medical malpractice or car accidents.
Donald William Kohler
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
White Bear Lake, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 18 years experience
(651) 426-1869 4525 Allendale Drive
White Bear Lake, MN 55110
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Estate Planning and Workers' Comp
Hamline University School of Law
I practice in the areas of workers' compensation, personal injury, wrongful death, and estate planning. I am a member of Teamsters Local 638 and a panel attorney for Union Plus Legal Services and UAW. I represent and help injured people obtain just compensation for their injuries. As a former UPS driver who was injured while working, I can know what it's like to suffer a career ending injury.
(651) 426-1869 4525 Allendale Drive
White Bear Lake, MN 55127
Richard O'Dea
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
White Bear Lake, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 26 years experience
(651) 407-5155 4525 Allendale Drive
White Bear Lake, MN 55127
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Estate Planning
Hamline University School of Law and St. John's University
O’Dea Law Firm, LLC. is a law firm located in the St. Paul suburb of White Bear Lake, Minnesota. The firm practices primarily in the areas of personal injury, wrongful death, insurance claims, and estate planning, in St. Paul, Minneapolis, throughout the greater Minnesota area, and western Wisconsin. For injury claims, our representation is typically on a contingency fee basis, meaning that you do not pay any fees to us unless we make a monetary recovery on your behalf. Our goal is to provide you with quality representation and guidance, and the personal attention you deserve,...
Teresa Fariss McClain
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 16 years experience
(651) 255-6810 Hallberg & McClain, PA
380 St. Peter St., Suite 715
St. Paul, MN 55102
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Medical Malpractice
William Mitchell College of Law
Teresa grew up in northern Wisconsin on the south shore of Lake Superior, and returns whenever possible to visit family and friends. After graduation from Ondossagon High School, she attended nursing school and practiced as a registered nurse first as a labor and delivery nurse certified in high risk obstetrics, then as an adult critical care nurse in surgical intensive care. Her interest in advocacy for her patients led to a career in law. Teresa devotes her law practice to representing individuals who have been harmed by serious medical errors and medical negligence. She brings a unique blend of...
Mr. William A Sand
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Woodbury, MN Personal Injury Lawyer
(651) 291-7263 7650 Currell Blvd, Suite 3140
Woodbury, MN 55125
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Workers' Comp
University of San Diego School of Law
I represent individuals that have been harmed by the wrongdoing of others. I have taken many cases to trial and have an abnormally high success rate. Outside of practicing law, I coach Special Olympics, play baseball, and enjoy traveling.
(701) 609-1510 125 Main Street
#215
Williston, ND 58801
(651) 571-4125 332 Minnesota Street, Ste W2402
St Paul, MN 55101
(651) 571-4125 4669 White Bear Parkway
Saint Paul, MN 55110
Trygve Egge
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Shoreview, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 43 years experience
(651) 481-9581 3750 Lexington Av N, Suite 309
Lexington Office Center
Shoreview, MN 55126
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Divorce, Estate Planning and Real Estate
William Mitchell College of Law
I have a great deal of experience with court matters, but I am now concentrating more of my time on Wills and Probate. I have been an arbitrator of Minnesota No Fault Auto Accident Claims. I graduated from Hopkins (MN) High School in 1967; St. Olaf College, Northfield MN in 1971 (BA History and Asian Studies) and William Mitchell College of Law (now Mitchell Hamline Law School) in 1975 (JD), working days and attending classes at night through a four year program. I am married and have two adult children.
Josh Johnson
Claimed Lawyer Profile
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 13 years experience
(651) 785-5342 656 Selby Avenue Suite 230
St. Paul, MN 55104
Personal Injury, Bankruptcy and Criminal
William Mitchell College of Law
"I’m Josh Johnson. I provide first-rate Minnesota legal representation at reasonable rates. I have extensive experience in the 12 counties in and around the Twin Cities Metro area, and have represented hundreds of clients in criminal defense, personal injury and bankruptcy cases. If you have been injured in an auto accident, charged with a crime, or need advice about debt or bankruptcy, call me - initial consultations are always free. I received my Juris Doctorate from William Mitchell College of Law and my bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin – Madison. I am admitted to the Minnesota Bar...
(612) 730-1738 310 4th Ave S #7000
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Susan  Bowden Gunst
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 19 years experience
7825 3rd Street North
Suite 204
St. Paul, MN 55128
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Animal, Arbitration & Mediation and Insurance Claims
William Mitchell College of Law
Susan Bowden Gunst has spent her entire career forcing insurance companies to treat people like they say they do in commercials. She has helped injured people recover medical expenses, wage loss and other damages incurred as a result of car accidents, dog attacks, liquor liability, falls and other injuries as a result of someone else's wrongdoing. Susan has also helped families that are suffering with the loss of a loved one by holding the negligent party accountable.

Susan Bowden Gunst has been selected to Top 50 Women in Minnesota Super Lawyers List in 2016 and 2017. In 2014, 2015, 2016,...
Philip Law Becher
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney
(651) 571-4125 332 Minnesota Street, Suite W2402
St. Paul, MN 55101
Personal Injury, Animal and Workers' Comp
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota School of Law
I practice personal injury law in Minnesota and North Dakota. Many of my clients are victims of car accidents, dog bites, and slip and fall accidents.
(651) 571-4125 4669 White Bear Parkway
White Bear Lake, MN 55110
Jay Tentinger
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Apple Valley, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 38 years experience
(952) 953-3330 15000 Garrett Avenue
Apple Valley, MN 55121
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Divorce, Family and Insurance Claims
Hamline University School of Law
Jay has been a licensed attorney since 1980. He began his career as a public defender before transitioning into insurance defense work where he gained valuable experience and knowledge of the insurance industry and insurance practices. After founding Tentinger Law Firm in 1997, Jay practiced in family law as well as continuing his insurance defense work. Today, Jay focuses his time to working with small businesses and their litigation needs. Jay is a member of the Minnesota, Iowa, and Nebraska State Bar Associations and a no-fault arbitrator for the American Arbitration Association. He is admitted to practice before the...
Ross Nelson Tentinger
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Apple Valley, MN Personal Injury Lawyer
(952) 953-3330 15000 Garrett Avenue
Apple Valley, MN 55124
Personal Injury, Collections and Insurance Claims
University of North Dakota School of Law
Ross N. Tentinger is a Twin Cities native who attended the University of North Dakota earning both his Bachelor of Science from the School of Business and Economics, and Juris Doctor from the School of Law, where he graduated cum laude. While in law school, Ross participated in moot court, clerked for multiple Judges in the Northeast Central Judicial District, and clerked for a private attorney Alice R. Senechal, which equipped him with a variety of experiences and knowledge of the practice of law. Ross is licensed to practice law in Minnesota and North Dakota and is a...
Justin Schiks
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Woodbury, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 9 years experience
(651) 756-1118 539 Bielenberg Drive Suite 200
Woodbury, MN 55125
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and White Collar Crime
William Mitchell College of Law
Robert Roe
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney
(651) 766-5886 3254 Rice Street
St. Paul, MN 55126
Personal Injury
James Eric Lindell
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 41 years experience
(888) 339-8811 431 S 7th Street, Suite 2420
Minneapolis, MN 55145
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Medical Malpractice, Products Liability and Workers' Comp
University of Minnesota Law School
Jim Lindell (University of Minnesota, 1977) is a litigator focused on personal injury cases, including product liability, medical malpractice, wrongful death, liquor liability and workers' compensation. He is a certified civil trial specialist and is AV-rated by Martindale-Hubbell. He is past dean of the Academy of Certified Trial Lawyers of Minnesota. Lindell feels his broad work experience prior to law school, including construction, firefighting, teaching, and service in the U.S. Army, allows him to relate well to his clients of highly varied backgrounds. He practices in Wisconsin as well as Minnesota and is a qualified arbitrator and mediator.
David Ayers
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Mendota Heights, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 39 years experience
(651) 552-8400 880 Sibley Memorial Hwy
Mendota Heights, MN 55118
Personal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Juvenile
Hamline University School of Law
Criminal and DWI Defense; Car Accidents and Serious Bodily Injury cases
Mark Genereux
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St paul, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 28 years experience
(651) 292-0973 101 E. Fifth Street
Suite 1500
St paul, MN 55101-2233
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury
Christopher W Boline
Claimed Lawyer Profile
St Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney
2602 US Bank Center
101 East Fifth Street
St Paul, MN 55101
Personal Injury, Business, Consumer and Real Estate
Christopher W. Boline practices business and commercial law, civil litigation, appellate work, real estate law, consumer law matters, personal injury, USDA appeals, and administrative law. Christopher received his J.D. from William Mitchell College of Law in St. Paul, Minnesota. During law school, Christopher served as a certified student attorney in a Hennepin County suburban court, was an extern with a Hennepin County District Court judge, and received recognition from the Minnesota Justice Foundation for his time devoted to public service. He began working for Dudley and Smith, P.A. as a clerk during law school. Christopher graduated...
Brent S. Schafer
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 25 years experience
(651) 209-1919 991 Sibley Memorial Hwy
Suite 207
St. Paul, MN 55118
Personal Injury, Criminal and DWI
Hamline University School of Law
Katherine A Brown Holmen
Claimed Lawyer Profile
St Paul, MN Personal Injury Lawyer
2602 US Bank Center
101 East Fifth Street
St Paul, MN 55101
Personal Injury
Patrick L. Cotter
Claimed Lawyer Profile
South St. Paul, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 15 years experience
(651) 455-1555 105 Hardman Court
#110
South St. Paul, MN 55415
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Domestic Violence
William Mitchell College of Law
As a recognized trial attorney in the Twin Cities and across the State of Minnesota, Mr. Cotter achieves results for his clients. Focusing on criminal law and injury law, Mr. Cotter does whatever it takes to win these life-changing cases for his clients. As a former prosecuting attorney for the cities of Eagan, Burnsville and Mendota Heights, Mr. Cotter litigated hundreds of cases. Mr. Cotters peers have consistently nominated him as a "Rising Star" and "Super Lawyer" attorney, an honor bestowed on only 2.5% of attorneys. Mr. Cotter is certified as a specialist in criminal law...
Steven M Coodin
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Lake Elmo, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 16 years experience
(651) 209-1155 8681 Eagle Point Blvd.
Lake Elmo, MN 55042
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Divorce
Western Michigan University Cooley Law School
Steven Coodin was born and raised in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada . He received his Bachelor of Arts Advanced Degree from the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg in 1996. He later attended law school at Thomas Cooley Law School in Lansing, Michigan and graduated in the fall of 2001. He has been practicing law since he was admitted to the Minnesota State Bar in 2002 and primarily works in the area of criminal defense and family law. Steven prides himself in his work ethic and dedication to his client's cases. Steven formed his own solo attorney...
Adam T. Johnson
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 8 years experience
(612) 767-9643 121 South Eighth Street
Suite 893
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Civil Rights, Criminal and DWI
William Mitchell College of Law
See my professional biography here:

https://lundgrenjohnson.com/our-attorneys/adam-t-johnson/
Robert Wilson
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 26 years experience
(612) 334-3444 404 3rd Ave N #201
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Workers' Comp
William Mitchell College of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Robert Wilson opened his one-person Minneapolis law office in 1992. He is a recipient of the Minnesota Law and Politics "Rising Star of Minnesota" award as well as a recipient of the Medal of Valor. The Minnesota attorneys at Robert Wilson & Associates have been helping their clients receive maximum compensation for their cases for many years. The law firm's specialties include worker's compensation law and personal injury.
David R. Lundgren
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 5 years experience
(651) 888-2937 121 South 8th Street
Suite 893
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Domestic Violence
William Mitchell College of Law
David R. Lundgren's biography can be found here: https://lundgrenjohnson.com/our-attorneys/david-r-lundgren/.
Mr.  Bruce Michael Rivers Esq.
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 20 years experience
(612) 339-3939 701 Building Suite 300
701 Fourth Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Business, Criminal and DWI
William Mitchell College of Law
Coley John Grostyan
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 8 years experience
(612) 279-6242 701 Fourth Avenue South, Suite 300
https://www.cjglawoffice.com/
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Appeals, Criminal and Domestic Violence
William Mitchell College of Law
Coley Grostyan is a criminal defense attorney committed to providing high quality, cost effective, and result oriented representation to his clients. Mr. Grostyan prides himself on working passionately and tirelessly for his clients to ensure the best possible outcome is attained. Coley Grostyan practices in the area of criminal defense and represents clients facing a variety of criminal charges such as DWI or DUI, serious felonies, drug charges, theft, assault, appeals, homicide, and more. Coley Grostyan's assertive and passionate approach to the practice of law has successfully resolved a variety of criminal cases for his clients. In addition to vigorously defending...
Patrick Cotter
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 15 years experience
(612) 436-3050 North Grain Exchange Building
301 4th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55415
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal and Insurance Claims
William Mitchell College of Law
My name is Patrick. L. Cotter, and because I know how quickly you need protection and an advocate in your corner, I provide my clients with my office and cell phone numbers. I also know how important it is for you to have someone who will listen, understand what happened, provide experienced counsel and stand by you, always fighting for you and looking out for your best interests at every step of the case.
Alex William Johnson
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Edina, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 2 years experience
(763) 259-3642 5201 Eden Avenue, #300
Edina, MN 55436
Personal Injury, Elder, Municipal and Probate
As an attorney at Knutson+Casey, Alex practices in the areas of municipal and elder law, while also expanding into probate and estate litigation. Alex prides himself in identifying his client’s goals and working diligently to achieve the best possible outcome in their case.
(507) 344-8888 196 St Andrews Dr #100
Mankato, MN 56001
Pamela Rochlin
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney
(952) 836-2727 5200 Willson Rd
Minneapolis, MN 55424
Personal Injury, Insurance Claims, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
University of Minnesota Law School
Pamela Rochlin is a personal injury attorney who is deeply committed to helping injured victims and their families who have been harmed by the wrongdoing of others. She is among the few Minnesota women attorneys who represent injury victims. Pam has worked to maximize recovery for hundreds of individuals through settlement and trial, helping them through a difficult time in their lives. Pam Rochlin handles a variety of cases and injury claims. Practice areas include: -Serious car or truck crashes. -Drunk driving collisions. -Products Liability. -Construction or workplace accidents. -Dog Attacks or...
Fred Pritzker
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer
(612) 338-0202 45 S 7th St #2950
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Products Liability
University of Minnesota Law School
Fred H. Pritzker is a nationally recognized lawyer with over thirty years of experience representing individuals and families in personal injury and wrongful death claims. Mr. Pritzker was named an "Attorney of the Year" by Minnesota Lawyer magazine in 2011, 2014 and 2015. He is a member of the American Board of Trial Advocates and the Million Dollar Advocates Forum. He has also achieved status as a Certified Trial Specialist from the Minnesota State Bar Association. Mr. Pritzker has also been selected for inclusion in Best Lawyers in America (2005-2016) and has been named a "Super Lawyer" by Minnesota...
Thomas Hurwitz
Claimed Lawyer Profile
New Hope, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 31 years experience
(952) 593-5959 3410 Winnetka Ave. N. #101
New Hope, MN 55427
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, DWI, Estate Planning and Family
Hamline University School of Law
Cory Whalen
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 20 years experience
(612) 333-4500 901 Marquette Ave
Suite 500
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Personal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
William Mitchell College of Law
Cory Whalen is a partner and shareholder at the law firm of SiebenCarey. He practices in all areas of personal injury litigation. He was selected as one of America's best lawyers in the area of product liability litigation by The Best Lawyers of America. Selection to The Best Lawyers of America is based on an exhaustive and rigorous peer-review survey comprised of more than four million confidential evaluations by the top attorneys in the country. Cory is certified as a life member of both the Million Dollar Advocates Forum and the Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forum. ...
Douglas E.  Schmidt
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 50 years experience
(800) 656-8450 13911 Ridgedale Drive
Suite 110
Minneapolis, MN 55305
Personal Injury, Insurance Claims, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
University of Iowa College of Law
Randall Knutson
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Edina, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 25 years experience
(763) 259-3642 5201 Eden Avenue, #300
Edina, MN 55436
Personal Injury, Arbitration & Mediation, Health Care and Medical Malpractice
Hamline University School of Law
Randall G. Knutson is personal injury and vaccine injury attorney at Knutson+Casey law firm in Mankato, Minnesota. Randy has handled hundreds of personal injury claims for his clients and their families and is well-versed in medical and legal issues.
(507) 344-8888 196 St Andrews Dr #100
Mankato, MN 56001
Jeffrey Sieben
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 17 years experience
(612) 333-4500 901 Marquette Ave
Suite 500
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Personal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Jeff continues a three-generation tradition of legal and public service as an attorney at SiebenCarey. He practices in all areas of personal injury law. Before becoming an attorney, Jeff served the firm as an investigator and later as a law clerk. In addition, he handled work assignments for the Dakota County Sheriff's Department in Hastings and worked with the Central Minnesota Legal Services in St. Cloud. Jeff holds membership in the American Board of Trial Advocates, the Minnesota Association for Justice and the American, Minnesota, and Dakota County Bar Associations. Jeff is a Certified Civil Trial...
Michael Scully
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 22 years experience
(612) 333-4500 901 Marquette Ave
Suite 500
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Personal Injury and Workers' Comp
Hamline University School of Law
As a partner at SiebenCarey, Mike has earned a reputation for being a strong advocate for the rights of injured workers. He has achieved success in the areas of workers' compensation, personal injury, and auto accident insurance litigation. Mike graduated from Hamline University School of Law after working for more than 15 years with government, nonprofit and education organizations. Mike was admitted to the Minnesota State Bar in 1997, the Federal District Court in 2004, and is qualified as a mediator by the Minnesota Supreme Court. Every year since 2014, Mike has been selected as a Minnesota Super...
Harry Sieben
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Attorney with 50 years experience
(612) 333-4500 901 Marquette Avenue
Suite 500
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Personal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Harry Sieben has been with his law firm for 46 years. It has been built into one of Minnesota's largest and most successful personal injury law firms by fighting for the rights of injured people. Harry has conducted jury trials that have resulted in record verdicts. He has recognition from state and national organizations for his success. He has consistently been selected by his peers as a Super Lawyer honoree and is listed in The Best Lawyers in America. Harry is certified as a Civil Trial Law Specialist by the Minnesota State Bar Association, a distinction awarded to...
Shannon Carey
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Minneapolis, MN Personal Injury Lawyer with 12 years experience
(612) 333-9712 901 Marquette Ave
Suite 500
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Personal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
William Mitchell College of Law
Shannon Carey has a passion for the law that runs in the family; she's a fourth generation attorney. Prior to becoming a trial lawyer, Shannon worked in human resources for 10 years. She worked in several industries, including a large health care system and a nationally prominent insurance company. These experiences gave her a thorough understanding of the inner workings of large businesses, providing Shannon a unique perspective when representing her clients. During her legal career, Shannon and her team have successfully represented individuals and families in complex litigations, including, but not limited to, medical...