Middlesex, New York Personal Injury Lawyers

Raymond Paul Sciarrino
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Wayland, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 23 years experience
(585) 728-2110 31 N. Main Street
Wayland, NY 14572
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Traffic Tickets
Cornell Law School
Canandaigua, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 48 years experience
(716) 394-2665 70 S Main St
Canandaigua, NY 14424
Personal Injury and Medical Malpractice
Canandaigua, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 43 years experience
(585) 394-6500 10 Grove Dr
Canandaigua, NY 14424
Personal Injury, Divorce and Family
Canandaigua, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 29 years experience
(585) 919-0009 2525 Rochester Rd
Canandaigua, NY 14424
Personal Injury, Business, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Canandaigua, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 21 years experience
(585) 919-0009 2525 Rochester Rd
Canandaigua, NY 14424
Personal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Medical Malpractice
William W. Pulos
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Hornell, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 37 years experience
(888) 324-7379 70 Main Street
P.O. Box 337
Hornell, NY 14843
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Insurance Claims, Probate and Real Estate
Albany Law School
Mr. Pulos enjoys a very successful, diverse professional career. A trial lawyer by training, Mr. Pulos returned to his hometown of Alfred, New York following his graduation from Albany Law School and opened a general law practice by hanging out his shingle on Main Street. He is the only person born and raised in Alfred to have graduated from law school and returned to open a law practice in Alfred. From there, Mr. Pulos has developed a reputation as a lawyer for people that have been wronged by others in the workplace or by vehicular accidents or...
Mr. Adam Michael Gee Esq.
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Elmira, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 22 years experience
(607) 733-8866 303 William St
Elmira, NY 14901
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Legal Malpractice, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Syracuse University College of Law
I am a Personal Injury and Malpractice Attorney practicing all over New York and Pennsylvania.

I started my career as a felony prosecutor with the Chemung County DA's Office, prosecuting the most serious crimes in Chemung County. From there, I became head of the legal department for the Chemung County Department of Social Services, where I supervised an office of seven attorney and was responsible for prosecuting all child abuse, child neglect, juvenile delinquent and PINS cases occurring in Chemung County

In 2004, I joined the Ziff Law Firm, where I handle all types of personal injury cases.

Throughout my...
Jason Alexander Richman
Claimed Lawyer ProfileQ&ASocial Media
Victor, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 22 years experience
(585) 362-2787 P.O. Box 312
Victor, NY 14564
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Insurance Claims, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Syracuse University College of Law and University of Miami School of Law
Jason A. Richman , Esq., Construction worker injury; medical malpractice; car accidents; wrongful death; other serious personal injuries. Since 1997.
Michael Bersani
Claimed Lawyer ProfileQ&ABlawgsearchSocial Media
(315) 253-3293 20 Maxwell Ave
Geneva, NY 14456
Free ConsultationGeneva, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 25 years experience
Personal Injury, Legal Malpractice, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Syracuse University College of Law
Mike Bersani is a very experienced and respected New York State trial lawyer concentrating his practice almost entirely on personal injury claims. He is a widely published author on personal injury law. He has published numerous articles on the subject, and wrote and published the book "Understanding Your New York Personal Injury Claim", which can be ordered on his website.

Mike Bersani graduated Magna Cum Laude (top 5% of his class) from Syracuse University College of Law in 1993. He went on to do a two-year clerkship with an appellate court in Rochester, NY. Since then he has...
Michael A. Donlon
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial MediaResponsive Law
(607) 936-8057 8 Denison Pkwy. E., Suite 203
Corning, NY 14830
Free ConsultationCorning, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 8 years experience
Personal Injury, Insurance Claims and Medical Malpractice
State University of New York - Buffalo
Experience matters! My entire law practice is focused on representing the rights of individuals who have been seriously injured or killed as a result of the negligent acts of others. I have assisted hundreds of clients in cases resulting in recoveries ranging from $50,000 to $5.5 Million. My office serves New York, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut. My practice is contingency fee based and consultation is free.
Justin Michael Cordello
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 16 years experience
(585) 967-7707 95 Allens Creek, Bldg. 2, Suite 215
Rochester, NY 14618
Personal Injury, Employment and Immigration
New York Law School
I founded Cordello Law PLLC to focus entirely on labor and employment litigation on behalf of employees throughout the Rochester, New York area. Since that time, my law firm has been instrumental in obtaining significant financial recoveries for clients through the litigation and negotiation of employment disputes. While a firm’s success is generally measured from a financial standpoint, I am proud of the fact that my cases have also led to changes in illegal and abusive employment practices.
David Kalabanka
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Auburn, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 34 years experience
(315) 253-3293 17 E Genesee St
#401
Auburn, NY 13021
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Legal Malpractice, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Syracuse University College of Law
David is life-long resident of upstate NY. David graduated Magna Cum Laude from Syracuse University School of Management and then earned his law degree from the Syracuse Law.

Prior to joining Michaels & Smolak, David was a partner in prominent Syracuse insurance defense firm. It was there that David learned the "how to's ” of insurance companies andthe manner that insurance defense firms evaluate and defend cases. David has been successful using this knowledge to “turn the tables” on the insurance companies to obtain large settlements and verdicts for his injured clients.

Dave has consistently been rated and selected as...
Jeff D. DeFrancisco Esq.
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
(585) 653-7343 510 Clinton Square #510
Rochester, NY 14604
Free ConsultationRochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 19 years experience
Personal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Syracuse University College of Law
Mr. DeFrancisco has achieved some of the top verdicts in Upstate, New York with 2 verdicts approximately $10,000,000 each. Mr. DeFrancisco has extensive experience handling large injury cases which you can see on his website. Described by his clients as an attorney of the “highest quality” who goes “above and beyond” for those he represents, Jeff DeFrancisco, Esq. has made a career out of providing the very best service for his clients throughout Upstate New York.

Mr. DeFrancisco has extensive experience in handling all different types of personal injury matters including medical malpractice, construction accidents, motor vehicle...
Lee Michaels
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Auburn, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 52 years experience
(315) 253-3293 17 E Genesee St
#401
Auburn, NY 13021
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Construction, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
Syracuse University College of Law
James Beldon Reed
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearch
Elmira, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 32 years experience
(607) 733-8866 303 William St
Elmira, NY 14901
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Asbestos, Insurance Claims and Medical Malpractice
Dickinson School of Law
For more than 31 years I have proudly assisted badly injured folks in injury and malpractice cases throughout NY and PA.

Three times I have been selected "Lawyer of the Year" by Best Lawyers in America. I have also been selected as a NY SuperLawyer, for membership in the Multi-Million Dollar Advocates Forum, and I am rated 10.0 by Avvo.com.

However, I am most proud of the very nice things my clients have had to say about my representation of them. You can read client comments here (http://www.zifflaw.com/client-comments/) and my complete bio here (http://www.zifflaw.com/lawyers/jim-reed/)
Emanuel N. Mouganis
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Brockport, NY Personal Injury Lawyer
(585) 637-2123 62 Main Street
Brockport, NY 14420
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, Divorce and Family
Attorney Emanuel Mouganis has the accolades you and your family can trust, including being ranked by the National Trial Lawyers as one of the Top 100 Trial Lawyers in the State of New York. He is also ranked by the American Institute of Family Attorneys as one of the Top 10 Family Law Attorneys in the State of New York and has a perfect rating by AVVO. He is also ranked by the American Institute of Criminal Attorneys as one of the Top 10 Criminal Law Attorneys in the State of New York. Prior to becoming a...
Robert King
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Lawyer
(585) 286-5124 19 West Main Street
Suite 250
Rochester, NY 14614
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Traffic Tickets
Syracuse University College of Law
Attorney Robert King is an experienced and highly accomplished Rochester criminal defense & personal injury lawyer who has tried hundreds of cases. He founded King Law with the goal of protecting the rights and freedoms of clients during their time of need. Mr. King has provided effective representation for countless clients facing all types of criminal charges or who have been injured by a negligent party in New York. As a former prosecutor, Attorney King has experience on both sides of the courtroom and is a veteran of many trials.

Robert King was featured in the 2016 and 2017 Super Lawyers...
Timothy John Rosell
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Hornell, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 23 years experience
(607) 324-7333 70 Main Street
Hornell, NY 14843
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Family, Insurance Claims and Landlord Tenant
Western Michigan University Cooley Law School
Attended the Hornell School District my entire life, nearby Alfred State and Alfred University and returned to Hornell after attending Thomas Cooley in Lansing, Michigan to practice law in my hometown. Reside here in Hornell with my wife and two children.
Jan Smolak
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Auburn, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 32 years experience
(315) 253-3293 17 E Genesee St
#401
Auburn, NY 13021
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Construction, Medical Malpractice and Products Liability
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Jeffrey Vincent Scherer
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Avon, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 9 years experience
P.O. Box 251
Avon, NY 14414
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Real Estate
State University of New York - Buffalo
Ask any of my former clients and they will tell you that I will fight for the best outcome in your case. If you need an attorney in Western New York, the Law Offices of Jeffrey V. Scherer will provide you with fair and skillful representation. As a former assistant district attorney in both Livingston and Chemung Counties, I personally handled thousands of misdemeanor and felony matters, I have the experience to handle Criminal, DWI and other legal matters with service tailored to meet your needs. The firm also provides representation in other areas of law including Real Estate, Family...
Robert Friedman
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearch
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 40 years experience
(800) 729-4571 70 Linden Oaks
3rd Floor
Rochester, NY 14625
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, Divorce and Products Liability
Hamline University
My Law Firm Partner and I have been working with Buffalo and WNY residents for almost four decades. So we're not surprised when clients tell us that we've helped a member of their family or neighbor in the past. We have offices in: Buffalo NY Rochester NY Akron NY Williamsville NY Batavia NY West Seneca NY Niagara Falls NY And our expertise is wide - just take a look at our practice areas and how we can help you. BUFFALO AREA PERSONAL INJURY & ACCIDENTS * Highway Accident: * Industrial Accident: * Jet Ski Accident:...
Peter Rodgers
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 42 years experience
(585) 324-5707 130 East Main Street
Second Floor
Rochester, NY 14604
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Nursing Home
State University of New York - Buffalo
Peter Rodgers represents individuals in trials involving personal injury, medical malpractice, product liability, wrongful death and business disputes. He is a frequent lecturer on trial practice for the New York State and local bar associations. He has authored articles on trial practice. His work in medical malpractice has involved cardiac, neurologic, obstetrical, orthopedic, vascular and infectious disease lawsuits including the failure to diagnose cancer, heart disease and infectious disease. Peter has represented patients who are victims of surgical error and emergency room neglect. He also has represented those injured or killed in auto, premises and workplace accidents.
John Edward Bernacki Jr.
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Pittsford, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 27 years experience
(585) 218-9550 11 State St.
Suite 200
Pittsford, NY 14534
Personal Injury, Business, Criminal and Estate Planning
University of Detroit Mercy School of Law
John has practiced law in Rochester for over 15 years and is admitted to practice in the following courts: New York State Court, U.S District Court for the Western District of New York, and United States Bankruptcy Court. He also currently serves as a justice for the Town of Pittsford, where he presides over civil matters including contract, real property, and municipal law, small claims, and criminal matters including felony preliminary hearings and misdemeanors. He is actively involved in his local community and participates in the following community activities: * Pittsford Town Board, Past Councilperson *...
William Mattar
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 30 years experience
(585) 444-4444 16 West Main Street
Rochester, NY 14614
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury
Syracuse University College of Law
William Mattar, P.C. is a personal injury law firm with a focus on motor vehicle accidents. The firm has represented thousands of injured clients throughout New York State, serving in the Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Albany regions since 1990.
Vincent Criscuolo
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 35 years experience
(585) 232-3240 130 WEST MAIN STREET, Suite 220
Rochester, NY 14614
Personal Injury and Social Security Disability
Syracuse University College of Law
SINCE 1984, DEDICATED TO REPRESENTING THE INJURED AND DISABLED.
Anna Czarples
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
(607) 936-8057 8 Denison Pkwy
Suite 203
Corning, NY 14830
Corning, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 10 years experience
Personal Injury, Appeals, Asbestos and Medical Malpractice
Anna Czarples is focused on getting her injured clients the best possible result from the insurance company, even if that means going to court. Attorney Czarples has obtained six-figure vedicts for her clients at jury trials in our local area. Attorney Czarples is licensed to practice in both New York and Pennsylvania. She also frequently practices in federal court, being admitted to the Western and Northern Districts of New York.

Attorney Czarples will go to bat for you over any type of insurance claim case -- whether it's a car or motorcycle crash, products liability, tractor trailer collision,...
David A. Hoffmann
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Geneseo, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 10 years experience
(888) 635-1923 10 University Drive
Geneseo, NY 14454
Personal Injury, Criminal and DWI
State University of New York - Buffalo
David A. Hoffmann graduated from Canisius College before attending the State University of New York at Buffalo Law School. While at UB Law, Dave was a member of the Trial Team which won the National Ethics Trial Competition at University of the Pacific McGeorge School of Law in Sacramento, California. In addition to his private practice as an attorney, Dave served as an Assistant District Attorney in Niagara County for five years. His ability to understand the prosecutor's perspective is a huge asset in plea negotiations and trials. In 2012, Mr. Hoffmann was qualified in...
Jacqueline Marie Thomas
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 27 years experience
(585) 324-5717 130 East Main Street
Rochester, NY 14604
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Medical Malpractice and Nursing Home
Union University 's Albany Law
Ms. Thomas is a partner at Lacy Katzen LLP in the firm's litigation group. She is chair of the firm’s personal injury litigation department and has been a trial attorney for over 25 years. Her practice is focused in civil litigation including personal injury, medical malpractice, hospital malpractice, nursing home negligence, wrongful death, motor vehicle accidents, trucking accidents, motorcycle accidents, premises liability, construction site accidents, dog bites, commercial and estate litigation. Ms. Thomas is knowledgeable in the area of insurance coverage litigation and represents insurance policy holders in coverage dispute litigation against their insurance companies. She has also represented...
Marc Stephen Brown
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 24 years experience
(585) 287-5275 3380 Monroe Avenue, Suite 200
Rochester, NY 14618
Personal Injury, Construction and Legal Malpractice
Michigan State University College of Law
Mr. Marc S. Brown has been practicing law for more than 20 years, focusing primarily on construction law, commercial litigation, and personal injury matters. He frequently represents owners, contractors, subcontractors, suppliers and bonding companies, and has extensive experience handling construction contracts, lien law, trust fund, construction defects, and surety claims. Mr. Brown has also defended architects and engineers in professional liability disputes relating to the negligent design of buildings and structures. Mr. Brown’s extensive commercial experience includes not only construction matters, but all manner of contract disputes, including those involving real property and agriculture. Mr. Brown has represented landowners, growers,...
Kevin Van Allen
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Geneseo, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 21 years experience
(888) 635-1923 10 University Drive
Geneseo, NY 14454
Personal Injury, Criminal, DWI and Medical Malpractice
State University of New York - Buffalo
Are you searching for a criminal defense or personal injury lawyer in Livingston County and are wondering where you can turn to receive the help you need at this time? You can breathe more easily now, because you have come to the right place! Attorney Kevin Van Allen attended St. John Fisher College and the University of Buffalo School Law School. His longtime interest in law was directed towards practicing trial litigation where he gained invaluable experience working at a general practice law office. He is a member of several well-known organizations, not the least of which include the New...
Jacob Welch
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Corning, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 37 years experience
(607) 936-8057 8 Denison Pkwy E
Corning, NY 14830
Personal Injury
Attorney Jacob P. Welch, now "of counsel", is the founder of Welch, Donlon & Czarples, PLLC. He was born in 1953, was raised in Corning, New York, surrounded by a family of lawyers. His father, Vincent J. Welch, and his namesake uncle, Jacob G. Welch, began a law practice in Corning shortly following World War II. The Welch attorneys have enjoyed a reputation of providing trusted legal services to the local community for over a half century.

Since starting in practice in 1980, Mr. Welch has focused his entire legal career in trial work. He has exhibited consistent and excellent...
Daniel Andrew Bronk
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 28 years experience
(585) 348-7529 110 Allens Creek Road
Rochester, NY 14618
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Social Security Disability and Workers' Comp
Vermont Law School
Dan Bronk is an accomplished attorney with over twenty- six years of trial experience. He has handled thousands of Workers’ Compensation cases since 1992. He has an established record of trial wins in State and Federal courts in New York and Connecticut. He has handled more than eighty trials, including cases involving medical malpractice, nursing home negligence, products liability, fires, construction accidents, car and truck accidents and other negligence claims. He regularly appears at Social Security Hearings on behalf of his clients. While Dan’s goal as a legal advocate for his clients is to achieve...
Bradley P. Kammholz
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Victor, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 28 years experience
(585) 678-4500 1501 State Route 96
Suite 202
Victor, NY 14564
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury
Boston University School of Law
I am proud to be a lawyer, and that I've been given an opportunity to help people when they are truly in need. I enjoy getting clients the money they need to pay for massive medical bills or to cover their lost wages. Other times, the best way I can help is to tell potential clients that they honestly don't have a case, or if they do have one, they won't get enough out of it to make it worth their while.

I grew up in Washington D.C. and went to The University of Maryland at College Park. I'm a Terps...
Steven Malone
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury
Albany Law School
An outstanding attorney in the area of general civil practice. Steve is direct and to the point and handles your matters efficiently, intelligently and diligently. You'll know where you stand with Steve. He has practiced in every New York State Court from the lowest to the highest and is rated very high by a National Ethics Rating Firm.
Joshua I Ramos
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney
(585) 351-6250 189 N Water Street
Suite 400
Rochester, NY 14604
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury and Workers' Comp
After obtaining his undergraduate degree from the University at Buffalo, he then studied at Florida A&M University where he received his Juris Doctor and graduated Magna Cum Laude. Joshua is admitted to practice in both New York and Florida. He spent time in the Public Defender’s office defending indigent clients where he developed a passion for protecting the rights’ of those who are charged.

After opening up his own law office in New York, Joshua developed a personal injury practice and has gained key experiences in prosecuting claims for the injured. He has made a habit of making sure his clients...
Michael Ranzenhofer
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearch
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 39 years experience
(585) 377-5504 70 Linden Oaks
3rd Floor
Rochester, NY 14625
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Criminal, Divorce and Insurance Claims
State University of New York - Buffalo
My name is Mike Ranzenhofer. I assist residents of the Buffalo and WNY area with their legal needs in three specific practice areas. They are: * Injury Law * Divorce and Family Law * DWI and other Crimes I am one of the managing partners of Friedman & Ranzenhofer. Our firm has been helping Buffalo and WNY area folks since the late 1950's so it's likely we've helped a family member or friend in the past. In fact, we're told numerous times weekly just that. Area residents come to us for help for...
Kelly Christine Wolford
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 23 years experience
(585) 563-3330 693 East Ave
The Carriage House
Rochester, NY 14607
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Medical Malpractice, Nursing Home and Products Liability
Steven Sessler
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Geneseo, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 24 years experience
(585) 243-1340 131 Main Street
P.O. Box 313
Geneseo, NY 14454
Personal Injury, Agricultural, Business and Criminal
Washington and Lee University School of Law
Confidential, Competent, Legal Representation
James Edward Maslyn
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Rochester, NY Personal Injury Lawyer with 40 years experience
(585) 739-2273 P.O. BOX 14928
Rochester, NY 14614
Free ConsultationPersonal Injury, Arbitration & Mediation, Products Liability and Real Estate
Over 36 years of litigation experience in personal injury and contract areas of law. Solid background in residential real estate, wills and arbitration/mediation areas. Long time arbitrator with American Arbitration Association. Client contact and personal attention is my forte
Sam Bonney
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Waterloo, NY Personal Injury Attorney with 44 years experience
(315) 539-9211 20 W. Main Street
PO Box 316
Waterloo, NY 13165
Personal Injury, Estate Planning, Probate and Real Estate
Albany Law School
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Injured in an accident?

When a person is injured, tort law will govern whether that person may be compensated for the injury, the amount of compensation that may be recovered, as well as which parties will be liable for the injury. Tort law, also known as injury law, comes from federal and state codes, as well as judicial opinions from prior cases. The amount of damages a plaintiff to a personal injury action may receive can be determined by statute, or by a judge or jury. Typical recoveries may include compensatory damages (e.g., lost wages, medical bills, etc.) and in particularly egregious situations, punitive damages. In some cases, a plaintiff may recover certain non-economic damages such as pain and suffering, loss of consortium, or loss of enjoyment of life.

Personal injury lawyers help injured people seek compensation from those who have harmed them. Some injury attorneys focus on a specific type of case, such as truck accidents, car accidents, slip-and-fall injuries, medical malpractice or products liability cases. If a person is injured as a result of criminal behavior, it may be appropriate to pursue a personal injury lawsuit in addition to the state's criminal investigation or prosecution.

Many personal injury attorneys offer a free consultation to evaluate your claim.


Negligence: Failure to use care which a reasonable and prudent person would use under similar circumstances.

Joint and several liability: A legal doctrine that makes each of the parties who are responsible for an injury, liable for all the damages awarded in a lawsuit if the other parties responsible cannot pay.