CACI No. 1012. Knowledge of Employee Imputed to Owner
Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2017 edition)Download PDF
1012.Knowledge of Employee Imputed to Owner
If you ﬁnd that the condition causing the risk of harm was created by
[name of defendant] or [his/her/its] employee acting within the scope of
[his/her] employment, then you must conclude that [name of defendant]
knew of this condition.
New October 2004
Sources and Authority
• “Where the dangerous or defective condition of the property which causes the
injury has been created by reason of the negligence of the owner of the
property or his employee acting within the scope of the employment, the owner
of the property cannot be permitted to assert that he had no notice or
knowledge of the defective or dangerous condition in an action by an invitee
for injuries suffered by reason of the dangerous condition. Under such
circumstances knowledge thereof is imputed to him.” (Hatﬁeld v. Levy Bros.
(1941) 18 Cal.2d 798, 806 [117 P.2d 841], internal citation omitted.)
• “When an unsafe condition which causes injury to an invitee has been created
by the owner of the property himself or by an employee within the scope of his
employment, the invitee need not prove the owner’s notice or knowledge of the
dangerous condition; the knowledge is imputed to the owner.” (Sanders v.
MacFarlane’s Candies (1953) 119 Cal.App.2d 497, 501 [259 P.2d 1010],
internal citation omitted.)
• “Where the evidence shows, as it does in this case, that the condition which
caused the injury was created by the employees of the respondent, or the
evidence is such that a reasonable inference can be drawn that the condition
was created by employees of the respondent, then respondent is charged with
notice of the dangerous condition.” (Oldham v. Atchison, T. & S.F. Ry. Co.
(1948) 85 Cal.App.2d 214, 218–219 [192 P.2d 516].)
6 Witkin, Summary of California Law (10th ed. 2005) Torts, § 1120
1Levy et al., California Torts, Ch. 15, General Premises Liability, §§ 15.04,
15.08 (Matthew Bender)
11 California Real Estate Law and Practice, Ch. 381, Tort Liability of Property
Owners, § 381.20 (Matthew Bender)
36 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. 421, Premises Liability
17 California Points and Authorities, Ch. 178, Premises Liability, § 178.24
1013–1099. Reserved for Future Use
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