California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)

VF-1200. Strict Products Liability—Manufacturing Defect—Comparative Fault at Issue

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VF-1200.Strict Products Liability—Manufacturing
Defect—Comparative Fault at Issue
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1. Did [name of defendant] [manufacture/distribute/sell] the
[product]?
1. Yes No
1. If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2. Did the [product] contain a manufacturing defect when it left
[name of defendant]’s possession?
2. Yes No
2. If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
3. Was the manufacturing defect a substantial factor in causing
harm to [name of plaintiff]?
3. Yes No
3. If your answer to question 3 is yes, then answer question 4. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
4. What are [name of plaintiff]’s damages? Do not reduce the
damages based on the fault, if any, of [name of plaintiff] or [name/
description of other person].
[a. Past economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other past economic loss $ ]
[a. Total Past Economic Damages: $ ]
[b. Future economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
749
0083
[medical expenses $ ]
[other future economic loss $ ]
[b. Total Future Economic Damages: $ ]
[c. Past noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. Future noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. TOTAL $
4. If [name of plaintiff] has proved any damages, answer question 5.
If [name of plaintiff] has not proved any damages, then stop here,
answer no further questions, and have the presiding juror sign
and date this form.
5. Was [name of plaintiff] negligent?
5. Yes No
5. If your answer to question 5 is yes, then answer question 6. If
you answered no, insert the number zero next to [name of
plaintiff]’s name in question 9 and answer question 7.
6. Was [name of plaintiff]’s negligence a substantial factor in
causing [his/her] harm?
6. Yes No
6. If your answer to question 6 is yes, then answer questions 7 and
9. If you answered no, insert the number zero next to [name of
plaintiff]’s name in question 9 and answer question 7.
7. Was [name/description of other person] negligent?
7. Yes No
7. If your answer to question 7 is yes, then answer question 8. If
you answered no, insert the number zero next to
[name/description of other person]’s name in question 9.
8. Was [name/description of other person]’s negligence a substantial
factor in causing harm to [name of plaintiff]?
8. Yes No
8. If your answer to question 8 is yes, then answer question 9. If
you answered no, insert the number zero next to
[name/description of other person]’s name in question 9.
9. What percentage of responsibility for [name of plaintiff]’s harm
do you assign to:
VF-1200 PRODUCTS LIABILITY
750
0084
[Name of defendant]:
[Name of plaintiff]:
[Name/description of other person]:
TOTAL
%
%
%
100 %
Signed: Presiding Juror
Dated:
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised April 2007, April 2009, December 2009, December
2010, June 2011, December 2016
Directions for Use
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 1201, Strict Liability—Manufacturing
Defect—Essential Factual Elements, CACI No. 1207A, Strict
Liability—Comparative Fault of Plaintiff, and CACI No. 1207B, Strict
Liability—Comparative Fault of Third Person. If product misuse or modification is
alleged as a complete defense (see CACI No. 1245, Affırmative Defense—Product
Misuse or Modification), questions 2 and 3 of CACI No. VF-1201, Strict Products
Liability—Design Defect—Consumer Expectation Test—Affırmative
Defense—Misuse or Modification, may be included after question 1.
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may
need to be modified depending on the facts of the case.
If the negligence or fault of more than one third person is alleged to have
contributed to the plaintiff’s injury, repeat questions 7 and 8.
If specificity is not required, users do not have to itemize all the damages listed in
question 4. The breakdown is optional depending on the circumstances.
If there are multiple causes of action, users may wish to combine the individual
forms into one form. If different damages are recoverable on different causes of
action, replace the damages tables in all of the verdict forms with CACI No. VF-
3920, Damages on Multiple Legal Theories.
If the jury is being given the discretion under Civil Code section 3288 to award
prejudgment interest (see Bullis v. Security Pac. Nat’l Bank (1978) 21 Cal.3d 801,
814 [148 Cal.Rptr. 22, 582 P.2d 109]), give CACI No. 3935, Prejudgment Interest.
This verdict form may need to be augmented for the jury to make any factual
findings that are required in order to calculate the amount of prejudgment interest.
PRODUCTS LIABILITY VF-1200
751
0085