California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)

VF-1604. Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress—Bystander

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VF-1604.Negligence—Recovery of Damages for Emotional
Distress—No Physical Injury—Bystander
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1. Did [name of defendant] negligently cause [injury to/the death of]
[name of victim]?
1. Yes No
1. If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2. When the [describe event, e.g., traffıc accident] that caused [injury
to/the death of] [name of victim] occurred, was [name of plaintiff]
present at the scene?
2. Yes No
2. If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
3. Was [name of plaintiff] then aware that the [e.g., traffıc accident]
was causing [injury to/the death of] [name of victim]?
3. Yes No
3. If your answer to question 3 is yes, then answer question 4. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
4. Did [name of plaintiff] suffer serious emotional distress?
4. Yes No
4. If your answer to question 4 is yes, then answer question 5. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
5. Was [name of defendant]’s conduct a substantial factor in causing
[name of plaintiff]’s serious emotional distress?
5. Yes No
5. If your answer to question 5 is yes, then answer question 6. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
6. What are [name of plaintiff]’s damages?
[a. Past economic loss
930
0038
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other past economic loss $ ]
[a. Total Past Economic Damages: $ ]
[b. Future economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other future economic loss $ ]
[b. Total Future Economic Damages: $ ]
[c. Past noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. Future noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. TOTAL $
Signed: Presiding Juror
Dated:
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised April 2007, December 2010, June 2014, December
2016
Directions for Use
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 1621, Negligence—Recovery of Damages
for Emotional Distress—No Physical Injury—Bystander—Essential Factual
Elements.
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may
need to be modified depending on the facts of the case.
If specificity is not required, users do not have to itemize all the damages listed in
question 6 and do not have to categorize “economic” and “noneconomic” damages,
EMOTIONAL DISTRESS VF-1604
931
0039
especially if it is not a Proposition 51 case. The breakdown of damages is optional
depending on the circumstances.
If there are multiple causes of action, users may wish to combine the individual
forms into one form. If different damages are recoverable on different causes of
action, replace the damages tables in all of the verdict forms with CACI No. VF-
3920, Damages on Multiple Legal Theories.
If the jury is being given the discretion under Civil Code section 3288 to award
prejudgment interest (see Bullis v. Security Pac. Nat’l Bank (1978) 21 Cal.3d 801,
814 [148 Cal.Rptr. 22, 582 P.2d 109]), give CACI No. 3935, Prejudgment Interest.
This verdict form may need to be augmented for the jury to make any factual
findings that are required in order to calculate the amount of prejudgment interest.
VF-1604 EMOTIONAL DISTRESS
932
0040