CACI No. 2922. Statute of Limitations - Special Verdict Form or Interrogatory

Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2020 edition)

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2922.Statute of Limitations - Special Verdict Form or
Interrogatory
[Name of plaintiff] must prove that [he/she/nonbinary pronoun] did not
know, and could not reasonably have known, before [date three years
before action was commenced],
1. That [he/she/nonbinary pronoun] had been harmed; and
2. That the harm was potentially caused by [his/her/nonbinary
pronoun] work with [name of defendant].
You will be asked a question about this on a special [verdict
form/interrogatory].
New September 2003
Sources and Authority
• FELA: Statute of Limitations. 45 U.S.C. section 56.
• “Compliance with the three-year statute of limitations is a condition precedent
for recovery in a FELA action. In cases of latent or progressive injuries . . . the
‘discovery rule’ directs that the cause of action does not commence to run until
the plaintiff knew or should have known of the injury and its cause.” (Monarch
v. Southern Pacific Transportation Co. (1999) 70 Cal.App.4th 1197, 1203 [83
Cal.Rptr.2d 247], internal citations omitted.)
• “The burden is therefore on the claimant to allege and to prove that his cause of
action was commenced within the three-year period.” (Emmons v. Southern
Pacific Transportation Co. (5th Cir. 1983) 701 F.2d 1112, 1118, internal citations
omitted.)
• “Under the discovery rule, the test is an objective inquiry into whether the
plaintiff knew or should have known, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, the
essential facts of injury and cause. Constructive rather than actual knowledge of
the fact of causation triggers a duty to investigate the possible causes of injury.
Thus, in accordance with the objective test, ‘definite knowledge’ that the injury
is work related is not necessary in order for the cause of action to accrue. Once
the plaintiff believes or suspects that the ‘potential cause of his injury’ is work
related, an affirmative duty to investigate is imposed.” (Monarch, supra, 70
Cal.App.4th at p. 1203.)
Secondary Sources
42 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. 485, Railroads, § 485.41
(Matthew Bender)
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