CACI No. 326. Assignment Contested

Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2023 edition)

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326.Assignment Contested
[Name of plaintiff] was not a party to the original contract. However,
[name of plaintiff] may bring a claim for breach of the contract if [he/she/
nonbinary pronoun/it] proves that [name of assignor] transferred [his/her/
nonbinary pronoun/its] rights under the contract to [name of plaintiff].
This transfer is referred to as an “assignment.”
[Name of plaintiff] must prove that [name of assignor] intended to transfer
[his/her/nonbinary pronoun/its] contract rights to [name of plaintiff]. In
deciding [name of assignor]’s intent, you should consider the entire
transaction and the conduct of the parties to the assignment.
[A transfer of contract rights does not necessarily have to be made in
writing. It may be oral or implied by the conduct of the parties to the
New February 2005
Directions for Use
The bracketed third paragraph should be used only in cases involving a transfer that
may be made without a writing.
Sources and Authority
Oral Assignments. Civil Code section 1052.
“While no particular form of assignment is required, it is essential to the
assignment of a right that the assignor manifest an intention to transfer the
right.” (Sunburst Bank v. Executive Life Insurance Co. (1994) 24 Cal.App.4th
1156, 1164 [29 Cal.Rptr.2d 734], internal citations omitted.)
“The burden of proving an assignment falls upon the party asserting rights
thereunder. In an action by an assignee to enforce an assigned right, the evidence
must not only be sufficient to establish the fact of assignment when that fact is
in issue, but the measure of sufficiency requires that the evidence of assignment
be clear and positive to protect an obligor from any further claim by the primary
obligee.” (Cockerell v. Title Insurance & Trust Co. (1954) 42 Cal.2d 284, 292
[267 P.2d 16], internal citations omitted.)
“The accrued right to collect the proceeds of the fire insurance policy is a chose
in action, and an effective assignment thereof may be expressed orally as well as
in writing; may be the product of inference; and where the parties to a
transaction involving such a policy by their conduct indicate an intention to
transfer such proceeds, the courts will imply an assignment thereof. In making
such a determination, substance and not form controls.” (Greco v. Oregon
Mutual Fire Insurance Co. (1961) 191 Cal.App.2d 674, 683 [12 Cal.Rptr. 802],
internal citations omitted.)
“An assignor may not maintain an action upon a claim after making an absolute
assignment of it to another; his right to demand performance is extinguished, the
assignee acquiring such right. To ‘assign’ ordinarily means to transfer title or
ownership of property, but an assignment, to be effective, must include
manifestation to another person by the owner of his intention to transfer the
right, without further action, to such other person or to a third person. It is the
substance and not the form of a transaction which determines whether an
assignment was intended. If from the entire transaction and the conduct of the
parties it clearly appears that the intent of the parties was to pass title to the
chose in action, then an assignment will be held to have taken place.” (McCown
v. Spencer (1970) 8 Cal.App.3d 216, 225 [87 Cal.Rptr. 213], internal citations
Secondary Sources
1 Witkin, Summary of California Law (11th ed. 2017) Contracts, §§ 727-739
6 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. 60, Assignments, § 60.20 (Matthew
27 California Legal Forms, Ch. 76, Assignments of Rights and Obligations, § 76.201
(Matthew Bender)
2 Matthew Bender Practice Guide: California Contract Litigation, Ch. 22, Suing or
Defending Action for Breach of Contract, 22.51-22.56, 22.58, 22.59

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