CACI No. 355. Obligation to Pay Money Only

Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2024 edition)

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355.Obligation to Pay Money Only
To recover damages for the breach of a contract to pay money, [name of
plaintiff] must prove the amount due under the contract.
New September 2003
Directions for Use
Read this instruction in conjunction with CACI No. 350, Introduction to Contract
Damages. If there is a dispute as to the appropriate rate of interest, the jury should
be instructed to determine the rate. Otherwise, the judge should calculate the interest
and add the appropriate amount of interest to the verdict.
Sources and Authority
Damages for Breach of Obligation to Pay Money. Civil Code section 3302.
Interest on Contract Damages. Civil Code section 3289.
“The section is part of the original Civil Code and was intended to codify a
common-law rule of damages for breach of a contract to pay a liquidated sum.
In Siminoff v. Jas. H. Goodman & Co. Bank, the court after careful and
extensive analysis concluded that section 3302 was not intended to abolish the
common-law measure of damages for dishonor of a check. Hartford, in reaching
the opposite conclusion, failed even to note the common-law rule or the
California cases which had followed it, and did not discuss the strong arguments
in its favor advanced in the Siminoff opinion. The Hartford holding on section
3302 no longer applies to the instant problem since section 3320 clearly
constitutes ‘a legislative recognition that a depositor whose check is wrongfully
dishonored may thereby sustain “actual damage” beyond the amount of the
check’ and thus supersedes the Hartford holding on the measure of damages.”
(Weaver v. Bank of America National Trust & Savings Assn. (1963) 59 Cal.2d
428, 436, fn. 11 [30 Cal.Rptr. 4, 380 P.2d 644], internal citations omitted.)
Secondary Sources
1 Witkin, Summary of California Law (11th ed. 2017) Contracts, § 936
1 Matthew Bender Practice Guide: California Contract Litigation, Ch. 7, Seeking or
Opposing Damages in Contract Actions, 7.04[7][a]

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