California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)

VF-3033. Ralph Act (Civ. Code, § 51.7)

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VF-3033.Ralph Act (Civ. Code, § 51.7)
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1. Did [name of defendant] [threaten/commit] violent acts against
[name of plaintiff] [or [his/her] property]?
1. Yes No
1. If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2. Was [[name of defendant]’s perception of] [name of plaintiff]’s
[race/color/religion/ancestry/national origin/political affiliation/
sex/sexual orientation/age/disability/citizenship/primary language/
immigration status/position in a labor dispute/[insert other
actionable characteristic]] a substantial motivating reason for
[name of defendant]’s conduct?
2. Yes No
2. If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
[3. Would a reasonable person in [name of plaintiff]’s position have
believed that [name of defendant] would carry out [his/her]
threats?
[3. Yes No
[3. If your answer to question 3 is yes, then answer question 4. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.]
[4. Would a reasonable person in [name of plaintiff]’s position have
been intimidated by [name of defendant]’s conduct?
[4. Yes No
[4. If your answer to question 4 is yes, then answer question 5. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.]
5. Was [name of defendant]’s conduct a substantial factor in causing
harm to [name of plaintiff]?
5. Yes No
5. If your answer to question 5 is yes, then answer question 6. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
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have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
6. What are [name of plaintiff]’s damages?
[a. Past economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other past economic loss $ ]
[a. Total Past Economic Damages: $ ]
[b. Future economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other future economic loss $ ]
[b. Total Future Economic Damages: $ ]
[c. Past noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. Future noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. TOTAL $
[7. What amount do you award as punitive damages? $ ]
Signed: Presiding Juror
Dated:
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised April 2007, December 2009, December 2010;
Renumbered from CACI No. VF-3013 December 2012; Revised June 2013,
December 2016
Directions for Use
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 3063, Acts of Violence—Ralph
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Act—Essential Factual Elements, and CACI No. 3064, Threats of Violence—Ralph
Act—Essential Factual Elements.
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may
need to be modified depending on the facts of the case.
Include questions 3 and 4 in a case of threats of violence.
If specificity is not required, users do not have to itemize all the damages listed in
question 6 and do not have to categorize “economic” and “noneconomic” damages,
especially if it is not a Proposition 51 case. The breakdown of damages is optional
depending on the circumstances.
Punitive damages (question 7) are authorized by Civil Code section 52(b)(2). For
instructions on punitive damages, see instructions in the Damages series (CACI No.
3900 et seq.)
If there are multiple causes of action, users may wish to combine the individual
forms into one form. If different damages are recoverable on different causes of
action, replace the damages tables in all of the verdict forms with CACI No. VF-
3920, Damages on Multiple Legal Theories.
If the jury is being given the discretion under Civil Code section 3288 to award
prejudgment interest (see Bullis v. Security Pac. Nat’l Bank (1978) 21 Cal.3d 801,
814 [148 Cal.Rptr. 22, 582 P.2d 109]), give CACI No. 3935, Prejudgment Interest.
This verdict form may need to be augmented for the jury to make any factual
findings that are required in order to calculate the amount of prejudgment interest.
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