California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)

VF-3101. Financial Abuse - Employer Defendant (Welf. & Inst. Code, §§ 15657.5, 15610.30)

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VF-3101.Financial Abuse—Employer Defendant Only (Welf. &
Inst. Code, §§ 15610.30, 15657.5(b))
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1. Was [name of plaintiff/decedent] [65 years of age or older/a
dependent adult] at the time of the conduct?
1. Yes No
1. If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2. Did [name of defendant]’s employee [take/hide/appropriate/obtain
[or] retain] [name of plaintiff/decedent]’s property [for a wrongful
use/ [or] with the intent to defraud [or] by undue influence]
2. Yes No
2. If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
3. Was the employee’s conduct a substantial factor in causing harm
to [name of plaintiff/decedent]?
3. Yes No
3. If your answer to question 3 is yes, then answer question[s] 4
[and 5]. If you answered no, stop here, answer no further
questions, and have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
4. What are [name of plaintiff/decedent]’s damages?
[a. Past economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profit $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other past economic loss $ ]
[a. Total Past Economic Damages: $ ]
[b. Future economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profit $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
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[other future economic loss $ ]
[b. Total Future Economic Damages: $ ]
[c. Past noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. Future noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
4. TOTAL $
[5. Did [name of plaintiff] prove by clear and convincing evidence
that the employee acted with [recklessness/malice/oppression/ [or]
fraud]?
[5. Yes No
[5. If your answer to question 5 is yes, then answer question 6. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
6. What were [name of decedent]’s damages for noneconomic loss
for pain, suffering, or disfiguremen incurred before death?
]
Signed:
Presiding Juror
Dated:
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised June 2005, April 2007, April 2008, October 2008,
April 2009, December 2010, December 2016
Directions for Use
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 3100, Financial Abuse—Essential Factual
Elements, and CACI No. 3101, Financial Abuse—Decedent’s Pain and Suffering.
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may
need to be modifie depending on the facts of the case.
If the plaintiff alleges that the defendant’s employees assisted in the wrongful
conduct, modify question 1 as in element 1 of CACI No. 3100.
If specificit is not required, users do not have to itemize all the damages listed in
question 4 and do not have to categorize “economic” and “noneconomic” damages,
ELDER ABUSE AND DEPENDENT ADULT PROTECTION VF-3101
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especially if it is not a Proposition 51 case. The breakdown of damages is optional
depending on the circumstances.
If the jury answers “yes” to questions 1, 2, and 3, attorney fees and costs will be
recoverable from the employer, assuming that standard vicarious liability is shown.
(See Welf. & Inst. Code, § 15657.5(c).) Incorporate questions 3 and 4 from CACI
No. VF-3700, Negligence—Vicarious Liability, to address the liability of the
employer for the acts of the employee.
Should the financia abuse in some way have caused the victim’s death, the
decedent’s pain and suffering before death is recoverable on a showing by clear and
convincing evidence that the employee acted with recklessness, oppression, fraud,
or malice. (See Welf. & Inst. Code, § 15657.5(b); Code Civ. Proc., § 377.34.) In
such a case, in question 4 include only item 4a for past economic loss. But also
include questions 5 and 6.
If punitive damages are sought, incorporate language from a verdict form for
punitive damages. (See CACI Nos. VF-3900–VF-3904.)
If there are multiple causes of action, users may wish to combine the individual
forms into one form. If different damages are recoverable on different causes of
action, replace the damages tables in all of the verdict forms with CACI No. VF-
3920, Damages on Multiple Legal Theories.
If the jury is being given the discretion under Civil Code section 3288 to award
prejudgment interest (see Bullis v. Security Pac. Nat’l Bank (1978) 21 Cal.3d 801,
814 [148 Cal.Rptr. 22, 582 P.2d 109]), give CACI No. 3935, Prejudgment Interest.
This verdict form may need to be augmented for the jury to make any factual
finding that are required in order to calculate the amount of prejudgment interest.
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