California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)
3334. Affirmative Defense to Locality Discrimination Claim - Manufacturer Meeting Downstream CompetitionDownload PDF
3334.Affirmative Defense to Locality Discrimination
Claim—Manufacturer Meeting Downstream Competition
[Name of defendant] claims that any locality discrimination proven by
[name of plaintiff] was justiﬁed by the need to meet competition. To
succeed, [name of defendant] must prove that [his/her/its] sales of
[product/service] to [name of reselling customer] were made in an attempt,
in good faith, to meet the legal prices of [name of competitor’s reseller]
selling in the ordinary course of business in the same locality or trade
To meet legal prices means to lower the price to a point that the seller
believes in good faith is at or above the legal price of the competitor of
the reseller whose price it is trying to meet. That is, a seller may
attempt to “meet,” but not “beat,” what in good faith it believes to be
that competitor’s legal price.
New September 2003
Directions for Use
This defense applies to locality discrimination when the manufacturer is providing
alower price to its reseller, so that the reseller can compete fairly against the lower
prices charged by the reseller of another manufacturer.
Sources and Authority
• Manufacturer’s Good-Faith Price to Meet Downstream Competition Permitted.
Business and Professions Code section 17050(e).
• “The requirement [to ascertain the ‘legal prices’ of competitors] is not absolute.
It is merely that the defendants shall have endeavored ‘in good faith’ to meet
the legal prices of a competitor.” (People v. Pay Less Drug Store (1944) 25
Cal.2d 108, 117 [153 P.2d 9].)
• “The operator of a service industry cannot legally reduce its prices to a below-
cost ﬁgure with intent to injure another or offer free service to prevent further
loss of business to a competitor ‘who is indiscriminately and deliberately
offering free service and below cost prices to such operator’s customers.’ Each
side must obey the law; the fact that one competing party disregards the statute
does not give the other side a legal excuse to do so.” (G.B. Page v. Bakersﬁeld
Uniform & Towel Supply Co. (1966) 239 Cal.App.2d 762, 770 [49 Cal.Rptr.
1 Witkin, Summary of California Law (10th ed. 2005) Contracts, §§ 609–615
3Levy et al., California Torts, Ch. 40, Fraud and Deceit and Other Business Torts,
§ 40.153 (Matthew Bender)
49 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. 565, Unfair Competition,
§ 565.53 (Matthew Bender)
1 Matthew Bender Practice Guide: California Unfair Competition and Business
Torts, Ch. 5, Antitrust, 5.100
UNFAIR PRACTICES ACT CACI No. 3334