CACI No. VF-3920. Damages on Multiple Legal Theories

Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2020 edition)

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VF-3920.Damages on Multiple Legal Theories
What are [name of plaintiff]’s damages? [List each item of damages listed
in CACI No. 3934.]
1. [e.g., economic damages: lost past earnings]. [Enter the amount
below if you find that [name of defendant] is liable to [name of
plaintiff] under [specify all of the legal theories supporting this
element of damages; use “or” if more than one].] $
2. [e.g., economic damages: past medical expenses]. [Enter the amount
below if you find that [name of defendant] is liable to [name of
plaintiff] under [specify the legal theories supporting this element of
damages; use “or” if more than one].] $
3. [e.g., economic damages: lost future earnings]. [Enter the amount
below if you find that [name of defendant] is liable to [name of
plaintiff] under [specify the legal theories supporting this element of
damages; use “or” if more than one].] $
4. [e.g., economic damages: future medical expenses]. [Enter the
amount below if you find that [name of defendant] is liable to
[name of plaintiff] under [specify the legal theories supporting this
element of damages; use “or” if more than one].] $
5. [e.g., past noneconomic loss including [physical pain/mental
suffering].] [Enter the amount below if you find that [name of
defendant] is liable to [name of plaintiff] under [specify the legal
theories supporting this element of damages; use “or” if more than
one].] $
6. [e.g., future noneconomic loss including [physical pain/mental
suffering].] [Enter the amount below if you find that [name of
defendant] is liable to [name of plaintiff] under [specify the legal
theories supporting this element of damages; use “or” if more than
one].] $
TOTAL $
968
Copyright Judicial Council of California
Signed: Presiding Juror
Dated:
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New December 2010
Directions for Use
This verdict form is for use with CACI No. 3934, Damages on Multiple Legal
Theories. Together they are designed to avoid the jury’s awarding the same damages
twice under different causes of action, counts, or legal theories, or failing to
distinguish sufficiently what damages are being awarded under what cause of action,
count, or legal theory.
If multiple causes of action are at issue, use this verdict form instead of the
damages tables in each separate verdict form. If multiple verdict forms will be
combined, delete all damages tables and incorporate this verdict form instead.
List each item of damages identified in CACI No. 3934. Include each item only
once regardless of the number of claims under which the item may be recovered.
The sentence after the item of damages must be included if the item is not
recoverable under all causes of action, counts, or legal theories asserted against the
defendant. The jury must be advised to find damages only if it has found liability on
at least one theory under which the item is recoverable. For example, lost past
earnings might be recoverable under all claims, in which case the additional
sentence should be omitted. But noneconomic damages for metal suffering might be
recoverable only under “the claim for bad-faith breach of insurance contract,” in
which case the additional sentence must be included.
Often it will be necessary to identify items of damages with considerable specificity.
For example, instead of just “emotional distress,” it may be necessary to specify
“emotional distress from harassment before termination of employment” and
“additional emotional distress because of termination of employment.” (See, e.g.,
Roby v. McKesson Corp. (2009) 47 Cal.4th 686, 701-705 [101 Cal.Rptr.3d 773, 219
P.3d 749].)
VF-3921-VF-3999. Reserved for Future Use
DAMAGES VF-3920
969
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