CACI No. 424. Negligence Not Contested - Essential Factual Elements

Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2023 edition)

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424.Negligence Not Contested - Essential Factual Elements
[Name of plaintiff] claims that [he/she/nonbinary pronoun] was harmed by
[name of defendant]’s negligence. [Name of defendant] agrees that [he/she/
nonbinary pronoun/it] was negligent, but denies that the negligence caused
[[name of plaintiff] any harm/the full extent of the harm claimed by
[name of plaintiff]].
To establish [his/her/nonbinary pronoun/its] claim against [name of
defendant], [name of plaintiff] must prove both of the following:
1. That [name of plaintiff] was harmed; and
2. That [name of defendant]’s negligence was a substantial factor in
causing [name of plaintiff]’s harm.
New June 2005
Directions for Use
This instruction is intended for cases in which the defendant “admits” liability, but
contests causation and damages. This instruction can be modified for use in cases
involving claims that are not based on negligence.
Secondary Sources
1 Levy et al., California Torts, Ch. 1, Negligence: Duty and Breach, Ch. 2,
Causation (Matthew Bender)

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