California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)

VF-403. Primary Assumption of Risk—Liability of Coparticipant

Download PDF
VF-403.Primary Assumption of Risk—Liability of Coparticipant
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1. Did [name of defendant] either intentionally injure [name of
plaintiff] or act so recklessly that [his/her] conduct was entirely
outside the range of ordinary activity involved in [specify sport or
activity, e.g., touch football]?
1. Yes No
1. If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2. Was [name of defendant]’s conduct a substantial factor in causing
harm to [name of plaintiff]?
2. Yes No
2. If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
3. What are [name of plaintiff]’s damages?
[a. Past economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other past economic loss $ ]
[a. Total Past Economic Damages: $ ]
[b. Future economic loss
[lost earnings $ ]
[lost profits $ ]
[medical expenses $ ]
[other future economic loss $ ]
[b. Total Future Economic Damages: $ ]
[c. Past noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
[d. Future noneconomic loss, including [physical
pain/mental suffering:] $ ]
370
0156
[d. TOTAL $
Signed: Presiding Juror
Dated:
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised April 2004, April 2007, April 2009, December 2010,
December 2011, December 2016
Directions for Use
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 408, Primary Assumption of
Risk—Liability of Coparticipant in Sport or Other Recreational Activity.
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may
need to be modified depending on the facts of the case.
This verdict form is based on CACI No. 408, Primary Assumption of
Risk—Liability of Coparticipant in Sport or Other Recreational Activity.
If specificity is not required, users do not have to itemize all the damages listed in
question 3 and do not have to categorize “economic” and “noneconomic” damages,
especially if it is not a Proposition 51 case. The breakdown of damages is optional
depending on the circumstances.
If there are multiple causes of action, users may wish to combine the individual
forms into one form. If different damages are recoverable on different causes of
action, replace the damages tables in all of the verdict forms with CACI No. VF-
3920, Damages on Multiple Legal Theories.
If the jury is being given the discretion under Civil Code section 3288 to award
prejudgment interest (see Bullis v. Security Pac. Nat’l Bank (1978) 21 Cal.3d 801,
814 [148 Cal.Rptr. 22, 582 P.2d 109]), give CACI No. 3935, Prejudgment Interest.
This verdict form may need to be augmented for the jury to make any factual
findings that are required in order to calculate the amount of prejudgment interest.
NEGLIGENCE VF-403
371
0157