California Civil Jury Instructions (CACI) (2017)
900. Introductory InstructionDownload PDF
[Name of plaintiff] claims that [he/she] was harmed by [name of
defendant]’s negligence while [he/she] was a passenger on [name of
defendant]’s [insert type of carrier—e.g., train].
[In this case, [name of defendant] was a common carrier at the time of
the incident. A common carrier provides transportation to the general
[[Name of plaintiff] also claims that [name of defendant] was a common
carrier at the time of the incident.]
New September 2003
Directions for Use
Give either one of the bracketed sentences, depending on whether the defendant’s
status as a common carrier is contested or not.
This instruction is intended as an introductory instruction to frame the issues. CACI
No. 400, Negligence—Essential Factual Elements, would still be given to set forth
the elements that plaintiff has to prove in order to recover (i.e., negligence, harm,
Sources and Authority
• “Common Carrier” Deﬁned. Civil Code section 2168.
•“Carriage” Deﬁned. Civil Code section 2085.
• “[A] common carrier within the meaning of Civil Code section 2168 is any
entity which holds itself out to the public generally and indifferently to transport
goods or persons from place to place for proﬁt.” (Squaw Valley Ski Corporation
v. Superior Court (1992) 2 Cal.App.4th 1499, 1508 [3 Cal.Rptr.2d 897].)
6 Witkin, Summary of California Law (10th ed. 2005) Torts, §§ 923–932
2 Levy et al., California Torts, Ch. 23, Carriers, § 23.01 (Matthew Bender)
11 California Forms of Pleading and Practice, Ch. 109, Carriers (Matthew Bender)
2 California Civil Practice: Torts § 28:1 (Thomson Reuters)