Fremont, California Immigration Lawyers

Tricia Wang
Claimed Lawyer ProfileLII BronzeSocial Media
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 25 years experience
(510) 791-0232 39159 Paseo Padre Pkwy
#209
Fremont, CA 94538
Immigration and Personal Injury
Brigham Young University
Our Principal Attorney, Tricia Wang, has practiced law since 1996 and has over 20 years of experience. Attorney Wang is licensed to practice law before the Supreme Court of the State of California, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, and the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. She has been a member of the State Bar of California since 1995, and a member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association since 1997.

Attorney Wang holds a Juris Doctor degree from J. Reuben Clark Law School, Brigham Young University and a Bachelor of Law degree...
David Sheen ESQ.
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 19 years experience
(510) 438-6868 39510 Paseo Padre Pkwy
#190
Fremont, CA 94538
Immigration, Business, Estate Planning and Family
California Western School of Law and University of North Carolina School of Law
Pradeek Susheelan
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 13 years experience
(770) 895-0136 43393 Mission Blvd, Suite A
Fremont, CA 94539
Immigration
University of California - Berkeley, Inns of Court School of Law, City, University of London and City Law School, City, University of London
Pradeek Susheelan, Esq. has been selected by Avvo as a Top Immigration Attorney with a superb rating of 10/10. He attended the University of California, Berkeley School of Law (Boalt Hall). He represents large corporate clients as Of-Counsel at the Martindale-Hubble AV-Preeminent rated Corporate Immigration Law Firm ‘Fakhoury Global Immigration’ (FGI). FGI represents some of the world’s largest employers, and has a team of 100 attorneys and support staff, across six locations (California, New York, Florida, Texas, Mumbai, and HQ-Michigan). Mr. Susheelan represents clients in Immigration Court as Of Counsel at The Fogle Law Firm that has won more cases...
Derek Deake Lim
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 24 years experience
(510) 818-0898 3100 Mowry Ave
Ste. 204
Fremont, CA 94538
Free ConsultationImmigration, Business, Estate Planning and Family
New Coll of CA School of Law
Experienced, dedicated and affordable immigration attorney servings the Immigration community for near 20 years. Record of winning case on asylum, VAWA claim, naturalization with criminal background, waivers, and complex family based immigrant visa petitions.
Manohar T Reddy
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 19 years experience
(408) 829-2824 2140 Peralta Blvd
Ste. 208
Fremont, CA 94536
Immigration, Business, Estate Planning and Real Estate
American University Washington College of Law
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 22 years experience
(510) 623-9668 39650 Liberty St Ste 240
Fremont, CA 94538
Immigration and Business
UC Hastings COL
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 33 years experience
(415) 391-0228 3100 Mowry Ave # 206
Fremont, CA 94538
Immigration
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 27 years experience
(510) 745-8288 38142 Fremont Blvd
Ste A2
Fremont, CA 94536
Immigration
Fremont, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 31 years experience
(510) 623-4100 39791 Paseo Padre Pkwy Ste G
Fremont, CA 94538
Immigration, Bankruptcy, Business and Collections
Loyola Law School
Shah Iqbal Nawaaz Peerally
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
Newark, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 16 years experience
(510) 742-5887 37600 Central Ct.
Suite 202
Newark, CA 94560
Immigration and Bankruptcy
New Coll of CA School of Law
Mary Ann Wloszek
PREMIUM

California Immigration Law Lawyer with 21 years experience

Golden Gate University School of LawCalifornia
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Harry G. Lewis
PREMIUM

California Immigration Law Lawyer with 28 years experience

William & Mary Marshall-Wythe School of LawCalifornia
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Tripti Sharad Sharma
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Newark, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 16 years experience
(510) 657-7665 3900 Newpark Mall Rd
#205D
Newark, CA 94560
Immigration
University of California Hastings College of the Law
Ms. Tripti Sharma practices exclusively in the area of Immigration and Naturalization Law. She is a member of the State Bar of California. Prior to starting her private practice, Ms. Sharma worked as an extern with the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco, California. Being an immigrant herself, Ms. Sharma is extremely passionate from immigrants' dreams and rights. From petitioning for company managers to chefs and family-based spouse petitions, our office provides the optimum solutions to your individual needs
John Khosravi
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Santa Clara, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 10 years experience
(818) 934-1561 4500 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Immigration
Loyola Law School, Los Angeles
John Q. Khosravi's law practice focuses on Family, Business (Investment & Employment) and Talent (Artists, Athletes, Scientists/Professors/Researchers & Individuals with Extraordinary Abilities) based Immigration to the United States. Visa Petitions include EB-1, EB-2, EB-5, E-2, L-1, H1-B and TN NAFTA Visas. Mr. Khosravi works with individuals and clients of various sizes, from start-ups and small businesses to multinational corporations, in a broad range of industries, including academic, advertising, medical and research, technology, athletics, arts, fashion and entertainment fields. Mr. Khosravi is a member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) and currently serves as the Southern California...
Sergio H. Benavides
Claimed Lawyer ProfileQ&ASocial Media
Hayward, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 14 years experience
(415) 867-5181 24301 Southland Drive
Suite 212 B
Hayward, CA 94545
Immigration, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Juvenile
University of San Francisco School of Law
I am a top rated Criminal Defense Lawyer and Certified Criminal Law Specialist- by State Bar of California, Board of Legal Specialization. Out of hundreds of Criminal Defense Lawyers in San Francisco--there are only 10 Certified Specialists. I am one of the top performers. I have 10 years of experience, having helped thousands of clients with every type of criminal charge, from petty theft, to drug possession, to attempted murder and sexual assault. I've handled DUIs, Domestic violence. I have taken over 30 cases to trial, and achieved excellent results. I am fluent...
James Cai
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 21 years experience
(408) 436-0789 1754 Technology Dr
#122
San Jose, CA 95110
Free ConsultationImmigration, Business, IP and Real Estate
Temple University Beasley School of Law
James Cai founded SAC Attorneys, LLP after serving as in-house legal counsel for Yahoo! Inc. His practice focuses on corporate law, immigration, employment and estate planning. Mr. Cai believes in relationship lawyering and has a client-driven practice. He practices law the old fashioned way - giving each client this full attention with prompt responses, thorough research and analysis, aggressive representation and careful attention to details, in both transactional and litigation matters. As a result, most of his clients are repeat and long term clients, including individuals, small businesses, non-profit organizations and public companies. Before founding SAC Attorneys, LLP,...
Sweta Khandelwal
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 16 years experience
(408) 995-3294 95 S Market Street 3rd Floor
San Jose, CA 95113
Immigration
UCLA School of Law and Faculty of Law, Delhi University
Sweta has been practicing law for more than 10 years and has represented clients across multiple nationalities. Sweta has been recognized as amongst the "Top 40 under 40" immigration attorneys in CA by the American Society of Legal Advocates. An immigrant herself, Sweta came to the US as a dependent on a H-4 Visa, transferred to a student (F-1) visa, interned under the Optional Practical Training (OPT) Program, worked on a H-1B Visa, and is finally self-employed while obtaining her Permanent Residency. Sweta has navigated her way through the complex web of US immigration laws and...
Daniel Shanfield
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 22 years experience
(408) 275-6565 111 W. St. John Street
Suite 315
San Jose, CA 95113
Immigration
UC Berkeley School of Law Boalt Hall
Daniel Shanfield has been honored with the "Client Distinction Award" and "Preeminent Attorney" Ranking from Lawyers.com and Martindale Hubbell. In addition to the Client Distinction Award, Daniel has been honored three times as a Northern California "Super Lawyer" by San Francisco Magazine. He holds a "Superb" 10.0 Rating from Avvo.com, and has received Avvo's 2012 Clients' Choice Award in immigration law. The Law Offices of Daniel Shanfield Immigration Defense PC maintains an "A+ Rating" from the Better Business Bureau (BBB). Daniel Shanfield has succeeded in some of the most difficult immigration cases. Overseas, he led an appeals project to...
Stanley Dale Radtke
Claimed Lawyer ProfileQ&ABlawgsearchSocial MediaResponsive Law
San Leandro, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 12 years experience
(510) 863-8058 2450 Washington Ave.
Ste. 170
San Leandro, CA 94577
Immigration, Appeals, Criminal and Social Security Disability
University of San Francisco School of Law
Jay Singh Terkiana
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial MediaResponsive Law
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 9 years experience
(415) 715-7790 2033 Gateway Place, 5th Floor
Suite 511
San Jose, CA 95110
Immigration
Saint Louis University School of Law
I am Managing Immigration Attorney at Terkiana, Inc., a law firm based in Silicon Valley, California, primarily focusing on Employment, Family, Business, Investment, and Complex Immigration matters. I never forget that I am an immigrant, who came to the United States as an F-1 student and had to navigate the entire immigration process myself when all the odds were stacked against me. Therefore, for me practicing immigration law is not just a business. It's personal.

I have assisted thousands of clients (including individuals, start-ups, small businesses and large corporations) in successfully petitioning for employment-based immigration cases, specially H-1B, L-1A, L-1B, EB-1A,...
Gabriel D. Jack
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 18 years experience
(408) 293-2026 1625 The Alameda
Suite 315
San Jose, CA 95126
Immigration
McGeorge School of Law Univ of the Pacific
I have been practicing immigration law since 2001. I represent a great number of clients in family-based immigration, the majority of whom have recently married a US citizen, as well as employment based immigration. I prepare the petition and file it, obtain work permits, prepare my clients for the USCIS (formerly INS) interview, appear with them at the interview, and follow up with USCIS to issue the decision to grant Permanent Residence (Green Card). We prepare petitions for foreign investors and key employees with E2 Visas, L1A and L1B Visas, as well as H-1B Visas.
Inderjit Ahluwalia
Claimed Lawyer ProfileQ&ASocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 11 years experience
(408) 981-7696 1700 The Alameda
3rd Floor
San Jose, CA 95126
Free ConsultationImmigration
University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law
Being an immigrant myself, I have had the chance to comprehend immigration matters from two broad spectrum-both from the Eastern and Western Words. I understand the legal complexities between both worlds and aggressively help my clients overcome immigration barriers they may have and achieve the American Dream. I strive for my clients to operate successfully in a world where immigration has no borders.

At the Ahluwalia Firm, no client is too small or too big-everyone is certain to have zealous and personalized representation. Our firm understands the legal complexities of immigration cases and their impact on an individual's life so...
Cynthia Jill Scribe
PREMIUM

California Immigration Law Attorney

University of San Francisco School of Law9th Circuit, California and United States District Courts for the Northern District of California
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Tricia Wang
PREMIUM

Fremont, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 25 years experience

Our Principal Attorney, Tricia Wang, has practiced law since 1996 and has over 20 years of experience. Attorney Wang is licensed to practice law before the Supreme Court of the State of California, the United States... Read More »
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Joseph Navé
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Mateo, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 4 years experience
(650) 474-5480 430 Peninsula Avenue
Suite 6
San Mateo, CA 94401
Immigration
Santa Clara University School of Law
Madan Ahluwalia
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 25 years experience
255 N. Market Street
#248
San Jose, CA 95110
Immigration, Divorce and Family
University of San Francisco School of Law
Ahluwalia Law Professional Corporation is a general practice law firm located in San Jose, in the San Francisco Bay Area. Striving to achieve meaningful, long-lasting relationships with our clients, we offer affordable, efficient and personalized service. Attorney Madan Ahluwalia, Managing Attorney, has been providing his clients with legal representation since 1995.
Leslie Ruth Karlstrom-krebs
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Livermore, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 37 years experience
(925) 308-6861 487 South J Street
Livermore, CA 94550
Immigration
University of Puget Sound
Searching for a knowledgeable Alameda County criminal defense lawyer? Karlstrom & Krebs is a team of lawyers with over 60 years of combined experience. They have handled thousands of cases in state and federal courts, including both felonies and misdemeanors. Their attorneys have taken numerous cases to court, and they are not afraid to go to trial if needed. Also, Attorney Krebs is Martindale-Hubbell® BV® Rated. Call the firm today at (925) 308-6861 and get a no-charge consultation. Se Habla Español
John Henry Perrott
Claimed Lawyer Profile
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 18 years experience
(408) 294-4600 1625 The Alameda, Suite 208
San Jose, CA 95126
Free ConsultationImmigration, Divorce, Domestic Violence and Family
-- Over 10 years experience in Family Law -- Certified Family Law Specialist -- Good Listener & Idea Generator -- Can Think Outside the Box to Help You Get Great Results -- Friendly Style Facilitates Settlements
Judy J Chang
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Sunnyvale, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 21 years experience
(866) 526-1027 1250 Oakmead Parkway
Suite 210
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Immigration
University of Toronto
Judy J. Chang is a California and New York licensed attorney, specializing in the field of U.S. immigration and nationality law. She is also admitted to the U.S. Supreme Court. Ms. Chang received her law degree from the University of Toronto Law School in 1997. Before founding Judy Chang Law Firm in 2006, Ms. Chang practiced U.S. immigration and nationality law at national and global law firms as part of the international transaction team and built an excellent track record of successfully representing a diverse clientele in challenging matters. Ms. Chang has represented a large spectrum...
Ekaterina Berman
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 13 years experience
(408) 483-3012 3031 Tisch Way 711
San Jose, CA 95128
Immigration, Divorce, Domestic Violence and Family
Whittier Law School
Attorney Ekaterina Berman is a passionate professional who serves individuals and small businesses since 2006. She decided to start her own office seeing how most clients do not get the legal service they deserve, and compromise their rights. Ekaterina always works personally with her clients, and put emphasis on understanding their situation and adjusting the strategy to their needs and capabilities. Being her client you soon discover that she is a fighter, and will never let go on your behalf. She is a meticulous researcher and will make sure everything is done correctly, and nothing slips through the calendar...
Alison Yew
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 26 years experience
(408) 389-8930 1155 N. First Street #210
San Jose, CA 95112
Immigration
University of San Francisco School of Law
Alison Yew is a highly experienced immigration attorney in San Jose, CA with over two decades of experience. She specializes in many aspects of U.S. immigration, including employment immigration, family immigration, and citizenship through naturalization. Alison first practiced as a civil litigator, which gave her extensive trial experience. She later on became a partner for a national civil litigation firm and developed the firm's immigration law practice. In 2013, she established the Law Office of Alison Yew, where she was able to do the thing she was truly passionate about: Helping people. Since founding her own...
Laurie Ann Bonilla
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Mountain View, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 33 years experience
(650) 903-2232 800 W El Camino Real
Suite 180
Mountain View, CA 94040
Immigration
Golden Gate University School of Law
Laurie A. Bonilla, Attorney at Law provides high quality legal services in the field of immigration and nationality law, including: -Temporary nonimmigrant status for professionals -Labor Certifications, visa petitions, and Permanent Residence through employment -Extraordinary Ability, Outstanding Researcher, National Interest Waiver -J-1 Internships -Permanent Residence through family -Naturalization Ms. Bonilla is directly involved with each case at every step of the way. She, rather than a paralegal or secretary, makes all decisions, prepares the cases, and answers all clients’ questions promptly. Ms. Bonilla has been practicing Immigration Law since 1987. Ms. Bonilla has served as the American Immigration Lawyers Association Liaison to the U.S. Department of Labor, U.S....
Spojmie Ahmady Nasiri
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Pleasanton, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 13 years experience
(925) 520-5195 6200 Stoneridge Mall Road
Suite 300
Pleasanton, CA 94588
Immigration
Golden Gate Univ School of Law
Spojmie Nasiri, principal attorney, is a first generation immigrant herself who understands through personal experience how difficult and emotionally draining American immigration process can be. Mrs. Nasiri’s education, community involvement and associations reflect her outstanding dedication in the area of immigration law. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the University of California, Davis and her Juris Doctorate from Golden Gate University, School of Law. Mrs. Nasiri is a member of the California State Bar and is admitted to practice before the California Supreme Court and the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California....
Mercy Josepha Sequeira
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Sunnyvale, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 24 years experience
(408) 245-2416 830 Stewart Drive
Ste 279
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
Immigration
University of Texas - Austin
Mercy Sequeira is a US immigration attorney concentrating in the areas of employment and family-based immigration law. Ms. Sequeira is a member of the State Bar of California and the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA). Our firm located in Sunnyvale, CA has been providing immigration services to multi national corporations, small businesses, schools, universities and individuals throughout the United States for over twenty years.

As immigration law is a federal practice, we are able to submit applications to the appropriate federal agency across the United States. Our attorneys can serve your US immigration needs whether you are located in the United...
Kamala Maddipoti
Claimed Lawyer Profile
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 8 years experience
(408) 752-5436 2670 S. White Rd Ste 105
San Jose, CA 95148
Immigration and Estate Planning
Attorney Kamala Maddipoti is the Founder and President of Kamala Law Corporation. Attorney Kamala completed her Master of Laws (LLM) from Golden Gate University in San Francisco, California. Ms. Kamala is a member of State Bar of California and started practicing law since 2011. She specializes in Estate Planning & Immigration laws and helps her clients on both employment as well as family based immigration matters & estate planning needs. In addition to Immigration & Estate Planning work, she guides and counsels employers on compliance and corporate transactional matters. In her free time she offers pro bono services and...
Asma Bashir
Claimed Lawyer ProfileBlawgsearchSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 5 years experience
(408) 436-0789 1754 Technology Dr
#122
San Jose, CA 95110
Free ConsultationImmigration, Business and Employment
University of California Hastings College of the Law
Harjot Walia
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney
(800) 379-9330 152 N. 3rd St
Suite 710
San Jose, CA 95112
Immigration, Criminal, Domestic Violence and Family
Founder of The Walia Law Firm, Harjot "Ginny" Walia has handled numerous cases throughout the criminal courts of the greater San Francisco Bay Area. San Francisco criminal defense attorney, Harjot "Ginny" Walia, has achieved a very high level of success in a relatively short period of time. The firm has reached great heights due to Ms. Walia’s extensive jury trial record, brilliant mind, competitive attitude and a willingness to fight for her clients. She has handled hundreds of criminal cases as a San Francisco Public Defender and in private practice. Federal criminal defense attorney, Ginny Walia has commented as an...
Beverly Ann Byrd
Claimed Lawyer Profile
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 19 years experience
(800) 794-4546 111 North Market Street
Suite 300
San Jose, CA 95113
Immigration
Georgetown University Law Center
Attorney Beverly Byrd has specialized in immigration cases for nearly 20 years, handling only immigration matters. After graduating from Georgetown University with a Master's degree in International Law in 2000, Beverly opened Byrd & Associates in San Jose, California in 2001. Over nearly 20 years, she has helped thousands of immigrants from across the world immigrate to and remain in the United States.

Beverly is a long-time member of the American Immigration Lawyer's Association, or AILA, and has been an active member of AILA's Santa Clara Valley Chapter's Executive Board holding several positions as liaisons to Government Immigration Agencies....
Mr. Dimitrios Dimitrakos Esq.
Claimed Lawyer Profile
San Ramon, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 17 years experience
PO Box 2269
San Ramon, CA 94583
Immigration, Estate Planning and International
Foreign Law School
Haitham Salem Ballout
Claimed Lawyer Profile
Burlingame, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 30 years experience
(650) 373-1122 1290 Howard Ave
Burlingame, CA 94010
Immigration, Personal Injury and Workers' Comp
Golden Gate University School of Law
Peter Tuann
Claimed Lawyer Profile
San Ramon, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 28 years experience
(925) 831-4878 111 Deerwood Road
#200
San Ramon, CA 94583
Immigration, Criminal, Divorce and Family
UC Davis School of Law King Hall
We aim to serve residents of the Tri-Valley area in litigation, landlord-tenant, real estate litigation, family law, and immigration.
Priya Alagiri
Claimed Lawyer Profile
San Mateo, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 25 years experience
(650) 931-2509 1900 S. Norfolk Street
Suite 350
San Mateo, CA 94403
Immigration
Aria Vatankhah
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
Palo Alto, CA Immigration Law Attorney with 9 years experience
(650) 391-9630 260 Sheridan Avenue
Suite 200
Palo Alto, CA 94306
Immigration, Business and Real Estate
University of California Hastings College of the Law, LSE and University of Westminster
Ronald A. Cabanayan
Claimed Lawyer ProfileSocial Media
San Jose, CA Immigration Law Lawyer with 6 years experience
(408) 396-7417 31 N. Second Street
Suite 320
San Jose, CA 95113
Immigration, Criminal, DUI and Domestic Violence
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Immigration Lawyers in Nearby CitiesImmigration Lawyers in Nearby Counties

Fremont Immigration Legal Aid & Pro Bono Services

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(650) 326-6440
East Palo Alto , CA


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(408) 287-9710
San Jose, CA

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Need immigration help?

The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (formerly the Immigration and Naturalization Service) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement are components of the Department of Homeland Security and handle the processing, enforcement, and adjudication of U.S. immigration matters. U.S. immigration laws treat persons as either citizens or aliens. The law classifies aliens according to immigration status, with each group afforded different rights and obligations, such as the right to reside in the United States, the right to sponsor relatives, and the right to work in the United States. Aliens may be lawful permanent residents (i.e., green card holders), immigrant visa holders, temporary lawful visitors, or undocumented persons.

Immigration lawyers represent persons seeking visas or green cards, which allow them to enter or remain in the United States. Two common types of visas are employment-based visas and family-based visas. Employment-based visas grant a non-U.S. citizen the right to work in the United States. Spouses and children may sometimes accompany employment-based immigrants. Family-based visas confer lawful permanent resident status to a foreign national based on an immediate relationship to a U.S. citizen.

Immigration attorneys also handle deportation/removal, naturalization (citizenship) and asylum matters. Because immigration proceedings are often complex, an immigration attorney is invaluable to those dealing with immigration issues.


Deportation/removal: The formal removal of an alien from the United States when the alien has been found removable for violating the immigration laws. Removal (formerly called deportation) is ordered by an immigration judge without any punishment being imposed or contemplated.

Lawful permanent resident: Any person not a citizen of the United States who is residing in the U.S. under legally recognized and lawfully recorded permanent residence as an immigrant.