CALCRIM No. 1050. Sexual Penetration of a Disabled Person in a Mental Hospital (Pen. Code, § 289(c))
Judicial Council of California Criminal Jury Instructions (2023 edition)Download PDF
1050.Sexual Penetration of a Disabled Person in a Mental
Hospital (Pen. Code, § 289(c))
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with sexual penetration of a
mentally or physically disabled person in a mental hospital [in violation
of Penal Code section 289(c)].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant committed an act of sexual penetration with
2. The penetration was accomplished by using (a/an) (foreign
object[,]/ [or] substance[,]/ [or] instrument[,]/ [or] device[,]/ [or]
3. The other person had a (mental disorder/developmental or
physical disability) that prevented (him/her) from legally
4. The defendant knew or reasonably should have known that the
other person had a (mental disorder/developmental or physical
disability) that prevented (him/her) from legally consenting;
5. At the time of the act, both people were confined in a state
hospital or other mental health facility.
Sexual penetration means (penetration, however slight, of the genital or
anal opening of the other person/ [or] causing the other person to
penetrate, however slightly, the defendant’s or someone else’s genital or
anal opening/ [or] causing the other person to penetrate, however
slightly, his or her own genital or anal opening) for the purpose of sexual
abuse, arousal, or gratification.
A person is prevented from legally consenting if he or she is unable to
understand the act, its nature, and probable consequences.
[A foreign object, substance, instrument, or device includes any part of the
body except a sexual organ.] [An unknown object includes any foreign
object, substance, instrument, or device, or any part of the body,
including a penis, if it is not known what object was used to accomplish
[Penetration for sexual abuse means penetration for the purpose of
causing pain, injury, or discomfort.]
[<If appropriate, insert name of facility> is a (state hospital/
mental health facility).] [A state hospital or other mental health facility
includes a state hospital for the care and treatment of the mentally
disordered or any other public or private facility approved by a county
mental health director for the care and treatment of the mentally
New January 2006; Revised April 2020
The court has a sua sponte duty to give an instruction defining the elements of the
A space is provided to identify a facility as a state hospital or other mental health
facility if the parties agree that there is no issue of fact. Alternatively, if there is a
factual dispute about whether an institution is a state hospital or other mental health
facility, give the final bracketed sentence. (See Pen. Code, § 289(c).)
CALCRIM No. 1046, Sexual Penetration in Concert, may be given in conjunction
with this instruction if appropriate.
• Elements. Pen. Code, § 289(c).
• Specific Intent Crime. People v. McCoy (2013) 215 Cal.App.4th 1510, 1538 [156
• Consent Defined. Pen. Code, § 261.6; see People v. Boggs (1930) 107 Cal.App.
492, 495-496 [290 P. 618].
• Foreign Object, Substance, Instrument, or Device Defined. Pen. Code,
§ 289(k)(2); see People v. Wilcox (1986) 177 Cal.App.3d 715, 717 [223 Cal.Rptr.
170] [a finger is a “foreign object”].
• Sexual Penetration Defined. Pen. Code, § 289(k)(1); see People v. Quintana
(2001) 89 Cal.App.4th 1362, 1371 [108 Cal.Rptr.2d 235] [penetration of genital
opening refers to penetration of labia majora, not the vagina].
• State Hospital or Mental Health Facility Defined. Pen. Code, § 289(c); see Welf.
& Inst. Code, § 7100 [county psychiatric facilities], § 7200 [state hospitals for
mentally disordered], § 7500 [state hospitals for developmentally disabled].
• Unknown Object Defined. Pen. Code, § 289(k)(3).
• Sexual Abuse Defined. People v. White (1986) 179 Cal.App.3d 193, 205-206
[224 Cal.Rptr. 467].
LESSER INCLUDED OFFENSES
• Assault. Pen. Code, § 240.
CALCRIM No. 1050 SEX OFFENSES
• Attempted Sexual Penetration of Disabled Person. Pen. Code, §§ 664, 289(c).
• Battery. Pen. Code, § 242.
See the Related Issues section under CALCRIM No. 1045, Sexual Penetration by
Force, Fear, or Threats, and CALCRIM No. 1004, Rape of a Disabled Woman.
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (4th ed. 2012) Sex Offenses and
Crimes Against Decency, §§ 56, 59-61, 178.
6 Millman, Sevilla & Tarlow, California Criminal Defense Practice, Ch. 142, Crimes
Against the Person, § 142.20[d],  (Matthew Bender).
Couzens & Bigelow, Sex Crimes: California Law and Procedure §§ 12:16, 12:17
(The Rutter Group).
SEX OFFENSES CALCRIM No. 1050