California Criminal Jury Instructions (CALCRIM) (2017)
2930. Trespass: To Interfere With BusinessDownload PDF
2930.Trespass: To Interfere With Business (Pen. Code, § 602(k))
The defendant is charged [in Count ] with trespassing [in
violation of Penal Code section 602(k)].
To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must
1. The defendant willfully entered (land/ [or] a building) belonging
to someone else;
2. When the defendant entered, (he/she) intended (to damage
someone else’s property [or property right]/ [or] to interfere
with, obstruct, or damage a lawful business or occupation
carried on by the (owner of the land[,]/ [or] owner’s agent[,]/
[or] person in lawful possession of the land));
3. The defendant actually did (damage someone else’s property [or
property right]/ [or] interfere with, obstruct, or damage a lawful
business or occupation carried on by the (owner of the land[,]/
[or] owner’s agent[,]/ [or] person in lawful possession of the
Someone commits an act willfully when he or she does it willingly or on
[An agent is a person who is authorized to act for someone else in
dealings with third parties.]
New January 2006
The court has a sua sponte duty to give this instruction deﬁning the elements of
The statute uses the term “injure.” (Pen. Code, § 602(k).) The committee has
replaced the word “injure” with the word “damage” because the word “injure”
generally refers to harm to a person rather than to property.
• Elements. Pen. Code, § 602(k).
•Willfully Deﬁned. Pen. Code, § 7(1); People v. Lara (1996) 44 Cal.App.4th
102, 107 [51 Cal.Rptr.2d 402].
• Actual Damage Required. In re Wallace (1970) 3 Cal.3d 289, 295 [90
Cal.Rptr. 176, 475 P.2d 208]; In re Ball (1972) 23 Cal.App.3d 380, 386 [100
• “Land” Includes Building on the Land. People v. Brown (1965) 236
Cal.App.2d Supp. 915, 917–919 [47 Cal.Rptr. 662].
• Agent Deﬁned. Civ. Code, § 2295.
2 Witkin & Epstein, California Criminal Law (3d ed. 2000) Crimes Against
Property, §§ 247–248.
VANDALISM, LOITERING, AND TRESPASS CALCRIM No. 2930