Something you do, or dont do, that breaks a law that says you cant do it or must do it. If you are found guilty, you can be punished by one or more of the following:

    (1) death;

    (2) jail or prison;

    (3) fine;

    (4) being removed from office;

    (5) being unable to hold any office of honor, trust, or profit.

    (See public offense.)

Source: California Courts.