Each one of us has biases about or certain perceptions or stereotypes of
other people. We may be aware of some of our biases, though we may
not share them with others. We may not be fully aware of some of our
Our biases often affect how we act, favorably or unfavorably, toward
someone. Bias can affect our thoughts, how we remember, what we see
and hear, whom we believe or disbelieve, and how we make important
As jurors you are being asked to make very important decisions in this
case. You must not let bias, prejudice, or public opinion inﬂuence your
decision. You must not be biased in favor of or against any party or
witness because of his or her disability, gender, race, religion, ethnicity,
sexual orientation, age, national origin, [or] socioeconomic status[, or
[insert any other impermissible form of bias]].
Your verdict must be based solely on the evidence presented. You must
carefully evaluate the evidence and resist any urge to reach a verdict
that is inﬂuenced by bias for or against any party or witness.
New June 2010; Revised December 2012
Sources and Authority
• Conduct Exhibiting Bias Prohibited. Standard 10.20(a)(2) of the California
Standards of Judicial Administration.
• Judge Must Perform Duties Without Bias. Canon 3(b)(5) of the California Code
of Judicial Ethics.
Witkin, California Procedure (5th ed. 2008) Trial, § 132
1 California Trial Guide, Unit 10, Voir Dire Examination, §§ 10.03, 10.21,
10.50, 10.80, 10.100 (Matthew Bender)
1 Matthew Bender Practice Guide: California Trial and Post-Trial Civil Procedure,
Ch. 6, Jury Selection, § 6.21