CACI No. VF-3903. Punitive Damages - Entity Defendant - Ratification
Judicial Council of California Civil Jury Instructions (2023 edition)Download PDF
VF-3903.Punitive Damages - Entity Defendant - Ratification
We answer the questions submitted to us as follows:
1. Did an agent or employee of [name of defendant] engage in the
conduct with malice, oppression, or fraud?
1. Yes No
1. If your answer to question 1 is yes, then answer question 2. If you
answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and have
the presiding juror sign and date this form.
2. Did one or more officers, directors, or managing agents of [name
of defendant] know of this conduct and adopt or approve it after
2. Yes No
2. [If your answer to question 2 is yes, then answer question 3. If
you answered no, stop here, answer no further questions, and
have the presiding juror sign and date this form.
3. What amount of punitive damages, if any, do you award [name of
plaintiff]? $ ]
Signed: Presiding Juror
After [this verdict form has/all verdict forms have] been signed, notify
the [clerk/bailiff/court attendant] that you are ready to present your
verdict in the courtroom.
New September 2003; Revised October 2008, December 2010
Directions for Use
The special verdict forms in this section are intended only as models. They may
need to be modified depending on the facts of the case.
Normally, this verdict form should be combined with the verdict form(s) on the
underlying cause(s) of action. Include question 3 if the trial is not bifurcated.
This form is based on CACI No. 3945, Punitive Damages - Entity Defendant - Trial
Not Bifurcated, and CACI No. 3946, Punitive Damages - Entity
Defendant - Bifurcated Trial (First Phase). This form is intended to address the third
bracketed option in CACI Nos. 3945 and 3946.