OSHA Handbook for Small Businesses
The scope of your self-inspections should include the following:
- Processing, Receiving, Shipping and Storage— equipment, job planning, layout, heights, floor loads, projection of materials, materials-handling and storage methods, and training for material handling equipment.
- Building and Grounds Conditions—floors, walls, ceilings, exits, stairs, walkways, ramps, platforms, driveways, and aisles.
- Housekeeping Program—waste disposal, tools, objects, materials, leakage and spillage, cleaning methods, schedules, work areas, remote areas, and storage areas.
- Electricity—equipment, switches, breakers, fuses, switch-boxes, junctions, special fixtures, circuits, insulation, extensions, tools, motors, grounding, and national electric code compliance.
- Lighting—type, intensity, controls, conditions, diffusion, location, and glare and shadow control.
- Heating and Ventilation—type, effectiveness, temperature, humidity, controls, and natural and artificial ventilation and exhaust.
- Machinery—points of operation, flywheels, gears, shafts, pulleys, key ways, belts, couplings, sprockets, chains, frames, controls, lighting for tools and equipment, brakes, exhausting, feeding, oiling, adjusting, maintenance, lockout/tagout, grounding, work space, location, and purchasing standards.
- Personnel—experience training, including hazard identification training; methods of checking machines before use; type of clothing; personal protective equipment; use of guards; tool storage; work practices; and methods of cleaning, oiling, or adjusting machinery.
- Hand and Power Tools—purchasing standards, inspection, storage, repair, types, maintenance, grounding, use, and handling.
- Chemicals—storage, handling, transportation, spills, disposals, amounts used, labeling, toxicity or other harmful effects, warning signs, supervision, training, protective clothing and equipment, and hazard communication requirements.
- Fire Prevention—extinguishers, alarms, sprinklers, smoking rules, exits, personnel assigned, separation of flammable materials and dangerous operations, explosive-proof fixtures in hazardous locations, and waste disposal.
- Maintenance, including tracking and abatement of preventive and regular maintenance— regularity, effectiveness, training of personnel, materials and equipment used, records maintained, method of locking out machinery, and general methods.
- Personal Protective Equipment—type, size, maintenance, repair, storage, assignment of responsibility, purchasing methods, standards observed, training in care and use, rules of use, and method of assignment.
- Transportation—motor vehicle safety, seat belts, vehicle maintenance, and safe driver programs.
- Review—evacuation routes, equipment, and personal protective equipment.
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