Criminal Law

Homicide - Offenses Against the Person

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§2A1.4GUIDELINES MANUALNovember 1, 2005

(B) 22, if the offense involved the reckless operation of a means of transportation.

(b) Special Instruction

(1) If the offense involved the involuntary manslaughter of more than one person, Chapter Three, Part D (Multiple Counts) shall be applied as if the involuntary manslaughter of each person had been contained in a separate count of conviction.


Statutory Provisions: 18 U.S.C. §§ 1112, 2332b(a)(1). For additional statutory provision(s), see Appendix A (Statutory Index).

Application Note:

1. Definitions.—For purposes of this guideline:

"Criminally negligent" means conduct that involves a gross deviation from the standard of care that a reasonable person would exercise under the circumstances, but which is not reckless. Offenses with this characteristic usually will be encountered as assimilative crimes.

"Means of transportation" includes a motor vehicle (including an automobile or a boat) and a mass transportation vehicle. "Mass transportation" has the meaning given that term in 18 U.S.C. § 1993(c)(5).

"Reckless" means a situation in which the defendant was aware of the risk created by his conduct and the risk was of such a nature and degree that to disregard that risk constituted a gross deviation from the standard of care that a reasonable person would exercise in such a situation. "Reckless" includes all, or nearly all, convictions for involuntary manslaughter under 18 U.S.C. § 1112. A homicide resulting from driving a means of transportation, or similarly dangerous actions, while under the influence of alcohol or drugs ordinarily should be treated as reckless.

Historical Note:: Effective November 1, 1987. Amended effective November 1, 2002 (see Appendix C, amendment 637); November 1, 2003 (see Appendix C, amendment 652); November 1, 2004 (see Appendix C, amendment 663).

§2A1.5. Conspiracy or Solicitation to Commit Murder

(a) Base Offense Level: 33

(b) Specific Offense Characteristic

(1) If the offense involved the offer or the receipt of anything of pecuniary value for undertaking the murder, increase by 4 levels.

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